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AUGUST2013ISSUE6INTERNATIONALMAGAZINETHEMETEORICRISEOFZOESALDANAJAMESBONDComestolifeinSeychellesCRVCLUMAMAAFRICAMariamMakebaFASHIONBEAUTYHEALTHTIPS 5kreolEditorialISSUE6August2013fromtheeditorEditor-in-ChiefGeorginaDhillonISSNPrint2050-2362ISSNOnline2050-2370AllmaterialpublishedremainsthecopyrightofRilaPublicationsLtd.Nopartofthismagazinewillbereproducedwithoutthepriorpermissionofthepublisher.RilaPublicationsLtd.cannotacceptresponsibilityforunsolicitedmanuscriptsandphotographs.WhileeverycareistakeRilaPublicationsLtd.takesnoresposibilityforomissionsorerrors.Wereservetherighttopublishandediteveryletter.Allrightsreserved.CopyrightRilaPublicationsLtd.2013CorrespondenceGeorginaDhillonKreolMagazine73NewmanStreetLondonW1T3EJUKT4402076311299F4402075807166einfokreolmagazine.comwwww.kreolmagazine.comCoverPhotoFeatureflashshutterstockUnwittinglythisissuehascometogetherwithafocusonwomen.FromtherisingstarofZoeSaldanatotheiconicnownolongerwithusMamaAfricaMariamMakeba.SandwichedwithinthepagesaretheMusicLilMusicsistersalongsidetheempoweringfeministmusicaltroupeNimbayaThrownintothisheadymixistheBritishspynovelistIanFlemingwhoboughttolifetheuniversallyrecognisedcharacterofJamesBond.MrBondwouldbeateaseinsuchexaltedfemalecompanyZoeSaldanasspectacularriseinHollywoodblockbusterscoupledwithhersultrygoodlooksfrequentlyraisesthequestionofheritage.WherehowArichcreolemixofpaternalDominicanRepublicandmaternalPuertoRicangenessprinkledwiththeculturalandartisticactivitiesattheEspaciodeDanzaAcademyhasresultedinthesuccessfulartistwenowseepage8.FewpeopleknowoftheJamesBondconnectionandSeychellesIslands.TheauthorIanFleminghavingalreadypublishedsomeofearlynovelswiththeBondheroCasinoRoyaleGoldnger......arrivedinthisCreoleparadiseinthelate1950sashewassueringWritersblockPage14.InspirationinparadiseproducedaseriesofshortstorieswithonebeingsetentirelyintheSeychelles.ReadonaboutotherconnectionsthatstillremainwithBondFlemingandSeychelles.HowmanyknowthatMariamMakebasrstnameisZensileItisaptmeaningOnewhoovercomestheobstaclesoflifeandepitomisesMakebasextraordinarylifepage32.Startingworkasahousemaidaertheearlydeathofherfatherherprodigioussingingtalentsbeataprofessionalpath.AlthoughaSouthAfricanshewasexiledfromhermothercountryin1960forspeakingoutagainstapartheid.Discoverthepersonalitybehindthesuccessfulmusicianandthepassionthatdroveher.Musicasinmanyculturesisnotonlyawayofcopingwithpovertyandlackofopportunitiesbutcanbeavehicleforchange.ForthepercussiontroupeNimbayafromGuinea1998wastheyearthatMamoudouCondeamanmadethehereticaldecisiontoformanall-femaletroupe.Apreservethatwastraditionallyformales.WhathappenedDiscoverforyourselfinthearticleonpage36.SocamusicheraldingfromTrinidadandTobagobutnowpopularacrosstheWestIndiesisamixtureofcalypsoandcadencesfromFrenchAntilles.ThankstothecreolesistersNadineandSamanthatheirfatherwasfromStVincenttheirduogroupMuzikLilMuzikhasre-establishedSocafromLondonsEastEndpage40.Theirsistrulyauniversalmixofculturesmusicandgeographies.Creolemendogetalookininthisissue.LudovicLamothepage24otherwiseknownastheBlackChopinwasaclassicalpianistfromHaiti.Bornin1882hestudiedpianoandclarinetinPort-au-Princebuttheformerinstrumentwashislove.Hecomposedtouredinternationallyandtherehasbeenarecentrevivalofhismusicallegacy.TerranceSimienisknownasthesaviourofZydecoamusicalgenrefromthedeepsouthoftheStateofLouisianaanareawithoneoftheoldestcreoleculturespage28.WithhisbandhehasperformedacrosstheglobeandhehascementedhisdesiretonurtureanddeveloptheyoungergenerationinthisidiombyfoundingacharityforemergingmusiciansMusicMattersInc.MrsTheresaDelphin-Morganrelatesthe300yearhistoryofherfamilysheritagepage18.ThesearetheCaneRiverCreolesofLouisianaandtheirliveswerecentredontheMelrosePlantation.ItstartedwithaslavewomanMarieThereseCoincoinwhoaergainingherfreedombuiltupaplantationfrom68acresinto3000acresoverthreegenerations.Thisisaheart-warmingaccountofhumanendeavour.MusicdominatescreoleculturessoitisinterestingtohearoftherevivalofanotherartisticgenreCreolePoetrywithSeychellesasitsepicentrepage48.AsonewouldexpectthethemesofpoemsareuniversalloveculturerelationshipsWhatisdierentnowisthatotherpreviouslytabootopicsareaddressede.g.childabusepoliticsandsocialinequalities.Thesepoetstelllifeasitispainfuldistressingbutwithhopethrownin.TheEthiopianOmoriverowsfor760kmsthroughtheOmoValleyandwithitsannualoodprovidessustenanceforitspopulationof8dierenttribes.EthiopiaisnotmuchontheinternationalradarbutKreolhasuncoveredplansformajordevelopmentsthatarelikelytodecimatethelivesandlivelihoodoftheindigenouspopulation.ThisshouldbeaconcerntoallofusasapotentialenvironmentaldisasterisinthemakingPage44.CanyouhavebeautywithoutmakeupNoblaststhecosmeticsindustryyessaysKreol.Readmoreaboutthenaturalwaystolookfabulouspage68.Eyesareimportanttowomensotheindustryagainpeddlenumerousproductspurportingtoimproveandassistinamyriadofways.Butbewarycosmeticsmayharmeyes.ProfessorHirjidetailsmanyDOsandDONTspage64.Forparentsthereisafeatureonhowtoidentifyachildsbehaviourifeyesightdefectsarepresentpage72.Wehaveourusualpotpourriofinterestingsnippetsacrosssocialandfashioncheatingpartnerspage57bodylanguageandclothingtoreplacethetiresomedietsinlookinggoodpage74hairpage78andforfoodiessomerecipesforRoastChickenpage88.OnthatgustatorynoteIend.Enjoythisissueanddoletmehaveanycommentsorideasandifyouareableperhapspenaletter.WewillbestartingaLetterspage.GeorginaDhillonEditor ISSUE6August2013contentsISSUE6August2O13686836781432Features8ZoeSaldanaSheisoneofthefewtohavemanagedameteoricrisetosuccessandparlayedthatintoasolidcareerinHollywood.14JamesBondcomestolifeintheSeychellesOneofthe20thcenturysgreatestwritersIanFlemingusedavacationtotheSeychellesin1958asacureforhismentalroadblocks.18CaneRiverCreolesofLouisianaThispeoplestablishedthemselvesandexpandedthroughoutthestateandonlyinrecentdecadeshastheirstorycometobeknownandpreserved.24LudovicLamotheTheBlackChopinofHaiticomposedmanypianopiecesincludingHaitianmeringuesandheplayedakeyroleinthedevelopmentofHaitismusicalculture.Music28TerranceSimienAtirelessadvocateandsaviourofZydecoMusic.32MamaAfricaMiriamMakebaAcourageouslifeunafraidofstandingupforwhatwasright.36NIMBAYAAnall-femaleGuineanpercussiontroupesharesanewinterpretationoftraditionalAfricandrumminganddance.40MusiclilMusicHundredsofInuencesandaSingularSoundtheMusicthatInforms.ArtCulture44OmoValleyTheOmoriverthelifebloodofEthiopiasOmoValley.48PoetsinParadisePeterPierre-LouishimselfapoetprovidesaninsighttothemoderndaySeychelloispoets.Lifestyle50EdenIslandSeychellesThisluxurymarinadevelopmentwhoseconceptepitomisesthisveryCreolevernaculardesignfoundinSeychelles.60SeychellesYachtCharterOersluxuryyachtchartersintheSeychellestoformtheultimatevacationifyoulovethetranquillityoftheoceanitscaptivatingsunsetviewsandsereneambience.Social5711WarningSignsThatYourPartnerisSeeingSomeoneElseItcanbeverydiculttogureoutwhetheryouareavictimofindelityassomepeopleunconsciouslytrytohidefromthepainfultruthwhileotherssuerfromparanoiaeventhoughtheirpartnerisentirelyfaithful.HealthBeauty64CanEyeCosmeticsdamageyoureyes-YestheyCanBecauseeyecosmeticsareforeignsubstancestothebodyandappliedinintimatecontactwiththeeyelidsandthesurroundingtissuetheycanallcontributetoanumberofeyeproblems.68HowtoLookFabulous.NaturallyWithoutMakeupTherearemethodsyoucanusethatwillhelpyoulookfabulousnaturally.72ChildrensHealth.DoesyourtodlerneedglassesAsaparentitmaysurpriseyouwhenyourchildstartstoexhibitthecommonbehavioursassociatedwithpoorvision.Fashion74ForgetDiets-UseBodyLanguageandClothingResearchrevealsthatdietsdonotworklong-termbutadoptingahealthylifestyledoeswork.78HairCornerIdeasforyournextHairStyle.Food88Recipes-RoastChickenTryoneofourtastyroastchickenrecipes. AHomeawayfromHomeTheSunsetBeachHotelissituatedonagraniticpresquedilewithapristinegoldenbeachontheNorthWestcoastofMahSeychelles.ItoverlookstheIndianOceanandthespectacularbayofBeauVallonandthemysteriousislandsofSilhouetteandLIleduNord.www.thesunsethotelgroup.com 8ISSUE6August2013PhotoFeatureflashShutterstock 9kreolFeatureISSUE6August2013ZoeSaldanaTHEMETEORICRISEOFOneofthemostfrequentandtragicstorylinesamongactorsandmusiciansisthatoftheone-hitwonder.Anaspiringactororsingerwillgetabigbreakwithastarringroleandwowtheworldonlytondthatsuccessisdiculttosustain.Eventuallythesepeoplefadefrommemoryandendupasafootnoteinmediahistoryiftheyareevenrememberedatall.NotZoeSaldanaThereareartistswhoseeminglycomeoutofnowhereexhibitinggreattalentandcontinuetoimpresswitheachnewroletheyland.ZoeSaldanaisoneofthefewtohavemanagedameteoricriseandparlayedthatintoasuccessfulcareerinHollywood.OnelookintoSaldanaspastshinesalightonanindividualwithapassionfortheperformingartsandfocusedguidancefromparentswhoencouragedhertoexplorethoseinterests.ForallthesuccessandhighprofilerolesduringherimpressivecareerSaldanahasfoundthatthemediaoftenconcentratesmoreonherpersonallifethanhersuccessesonscreenorherpassionsasanindividual.Themostcommonquestionshefacesandonethatshehasexpressedalackofpatiencewithtimeandagainisthequestionofherethnicity.InarecentinterviewwithBET.comSaldanawasquotedassayingthefollowingregardingherethnicityIfindituncomfortabletohavetospeakaboutmyidentityallofthetimewheninrealityitsnotsomethingthatdrivesmeorgetsmeupoutofbedeveryday.IdidntgrowupinahouseholdwhereIwascategorizedbymymother.IwasjustZoeandIcouldhavebeenanythingthatIeverwantedtobeandeveryhumanbeingisthesameasyou.SotoallofasuddenleaveyourhouseholdandhavepeopleconstantlyaskyouWhatareyoudoestryyourpatience 10ISSUE6August2013EventhoughthesecommentsofherarepublicknowledgeitisworthnotingthatSaldanaisnotashamedofherheritage.Inrealitysheisveryproudofherbackgroundandthatofherparents.SaldanaalthoughbornintheUnitedStateshasarichSpanishCreoleandLatinbackgroundinheritedfromandinstilledinherbyherparents.HerlatefatherAridioSaldanawasbornintheDominicanRepublicwhilehermotherAsaliaNazariowasborninPuertoRico.TheDominicanRepublichasoneoftherichestCreoleheritagesintheWesternworldandsharestheislandofHispaniolawithHaiti.ItisthesecondlargestnationintheCaribbeanintermsoflandandpopulationbehindCubaandthushasoneofthelargestCreoleculturesintheregion.TheDominicanRepublicsCreoleculturewascraftedthroughyearsofconquestandEuropeaninteraction.ThenativeTainoculturemixedovercenturieswiththoseofSpanishandFrenchCANNESFRANCE-MAY202013ZoeSaldanathirdfromleftinfrontrowandanarrayofartistsincludingMarionCotillardBillyCrudupJamesCaanNoahEmmerichdirectorGuillaumeCanetatthegalapremiereofBloodTiesatthe66thFestivaldeCannes.PhotoJaguarPSqZoeSaldanaleftSamWorthingtonSigourneyWeaveratthe67thGoldenGlobeAwardsattheBeverlyHiltonHotel.January2010BeverlyHillsCA.PhotoPaulSmithFeatureflashIndituncomfortabletohavetospeakaboutmyidentityallofthetimewheninrealityitsnotsomethingthatdrivesmeorgetsmeupoutofbedeveryday 11kreolFeatureISSUE6August2013colonistsaswellastheAfricanslavesbroughttotheislandbythoseconqueringpowers.ZoesparentseventuallymadetheirwaytotheUnitedStateswhereZoewasbornon19June1978inPassaicNewJersey.Howeverherchildhoodwouldbeforeverscarredbythelossofherfatherattheageofnine.AridioSaldanadiedastheresultofacarcrashandoutofthattragedycametheopportunitytofurtherembraceherheritage.ZoeandhermothermovedtotheDominicanRepublicshortlyafterherfatherspassingatransitionthatwasnodoubteasyforSaldanaasherparentsraisedhertobefluentinSpanishandEnglish.ItwashereinherfathershomelandthatSaldanawouldfindherpassionandbeginthepathtoasuccessfulcareeronstageandscreen.qFromlefttorightChrisPineAliceEveZacharyQuintoandZoeSaldanaarrivingfortheUKpremiereofStarTrekIntoDarknessatTheEmpireCinemaLondon.PhotoFeatureflashItwashereintheDominicanRepublicZoefathershomelandthatSaldanawouldfindherpassionandbeginthepathtoasuccessfulcareeronstageandscreen.FromlefttorightDennisQuaidBradleyCooperZoeSaldanaJeremyIronsarriveatTheWordsPremiereatArcLightCinemasonSeptember42012inLosAngelesCA.PhotoHelgaEsteb 12ISSUE6August2013AsayoungteenZoeenrolledintheEspaciodeDanzaAcademyintheDominicanRepublicwhereshestudiedjazzballetandmodernLatindance.ItwasthistimespentlearningthoseuniquelyCreoleculturalaspectsthatpreparedSaldanaforafutureinHollywood.AfterhersophomoreyearofhighschoolZoeandhermotherreturnedtotheUnitedStatesandtookupresidenceinQueensNewYork.ZoebeganperformingwiththeFACEStheatergroupinBrooklynin1995specializinginofferingpositivemessagesforyouththroughplaysthatdealtwithcommonissuessuchassubstanceabuseorsexualityinyouth.AtthesametimeZoewasalsoworkingwiththeNewYorkYouthTheaterwheresheappearedinperformancessuchasJosephandtheTechnicolorDreamcoat.Hertimeonstageandtremendousexperienceasadancereventuallyledtoherbigbreak.Zoedebutedonthebigscreeninthe2000filmCenterStageafilmthatfeaturedSaldanainthestarringroleasastrongconfidentballetdancer.ShewouldgoontoquicklylandbigrolesinhitmoviessuchasDrumlineandPiratesoftheCaribbeanTheCurseoftheBlackPearlbutitwasin2009thathercareershottonewheightsandshebecameatrueleadingladyinHollywood.FirstZoestarredasLt.Uhurainthesci-firebootStarTrek.Themoviewasasmashhitbutitwasntthebiggestfilmshewouldappearinthatyear.SaldanalaterstarredasNeytiritheNavichiefsdaughterintheJamesCameronblockbusterAvatar.Hersuccessintheserolesestablishedherasoneofthebest.SaldanarecentlyreprisedherroleasLt.UhurainthesequeltotheStarTrekfilmStarTrekIntoDarkness.ThemoviewasreleasedinMay2013andmetwithgreatsuccessattheboxoffice.ItisalsorumoredthatSaldanawillbereprisingherroleasNeytiriin2015whenCameronexpectstoreleaseAvatar2.ZoeSaldanaslifeandcareerthoughmostmightnotseeitlookingatherhasbeenshapedbyherCreoleheritage.Itwasthedevotionandsupportofherparentsthatinstilledinherthestrengthtopursueherloveofdanceandperformingarts.HertimespentlivinginherfathersnativeDominicanRepublichelpedbringoutherloveofperformingartsandshapedthepathofhersuccessfulcareeronstageandscreen.FromlefttorightZoeSaldanaOliviaWildeandEvaLongoriaarriveatthe2011GlamourReelMomentsPremiereatDirectorsGuildOfAmericaonOctober242011inLosAngelesCA.PhotoHelgaEsteb 14ISSUE6August2013JAMESBONDcomestolifeINTHESEYCHELLES 15kreolFeatureOneofthe20thcenturysbestknownwritersIanFlemingusedavacationtotheSeychellesin1958asacureforhismentalroadblocksandindoingsocrankedoutanewsagainthestoryofoneoftheworldsgreatestfictionalcharacters007JamesBond.FlemingtheBritishauthorresponsibleforcreatingthenowfamousJamesBondcharacterfoundhimselfinneedofinspirationin1958andusedaholidaytotheSeychellesastheperfectinspirationforthenextchapterinthespysaga.WhowasIanFlemingFlemingcamefromaprominentwealthyfamilyinBritain.TheFlemingfamilywasconnectedtothelargemerchantbankofRobertFlemingCo.andhisfatherValentinewasamemberofParliamentforHenleyfrom1910until1917whenhediedontheWesternFrontduringWorldWarI.Fleminghimselfwasawell-educatedmanwhowasschooledatEtonCollegeandSandhurstRoyalMilitaryCollegeintheUnitedKingdombeforeattendingtheuniversitiesofMunichandGeneva.NotoriginallyawriterFlemingbouncedbetweenanumberofdifferentjobsinhisyoungerdaysbeforesettlingintowritingafterservingintheBritishRoyalNavyduringWorldWarII.DuringthewarFlemingservedasthepersonalassistanttoRearAdmiralJohnGodfreyDirectorofNavalIntelligenceintheRoyalNavy.ItwasthistimespentduringthewarasRearAdmiralGodfreysassistantthatwouldserveasFlemingsinspirationfortheBondcharacterandevenprovidehimwithmanyoftheearlystorylines.ThroughoutthewarFlemingworkedasaliaisonbetweenGodfreyandgovernmentagencies.ThisprovidedFlemingtheopportunitytocrosspathswithgroupssuchasBritainsSecretIntelligenceServiceSpecialOperationsExecutiveJointIntelligenceCommitteeandwithAmericasOfficeofStrategicServicestheprecursortotheCIA.CreatingJamesBondOverthecourseofhistimeinmilitaryserviceduringWorldWarIIFlemingtoldfellowservicemembersofhisdesiretowriteaspynovelwhenthewarwasover.In1945FleminghadpurchasedaplotoflandinJamaicauponwhichhebuiltahometoliveinpart-time.FlemingnamedthehomeGoldeneyeandwouldwritemanyofhisnovelsfromhisbelovedislandhome.UsinghiswartimeexperiencesandasplashofhisownimaginationFlemingcrsaesmde7rnoiyoftowseSnsetrFaootatThegreatestobstacleanywriterwilleverfaceisthelimitsoftheirownmind.Eventheiconicofwritersfromhumanhistoryhavestruggledatonetimeoranothertondinspirationdevelopauniquewritingstyleormovebeyondthementalblocksthatderailthewritingprocess.Writerscomeupwiththecraziestmethodsaroundtodefeatthedreadedwritersblockandnodistractionistooridiculousaslongasitclearsthemind. 16ISSUE6August201316InadditiontosomeneededrestandrelaxationFlemingfoundinspirationforhisfirstbookofJamesBondshortstories.WhileFlemingwasontheislandofMahhestayedatTheNortholmeHotellocatedonnorth-westcoastoftheislandalongBeauVallonBeach.TheNortholmewasbuiltonMahbeforeWorldWarIandwasoneofthefirsthotelsontheisland.WhileFlemingwasintheSeychelleshespenthistimetravelingaroundtheislandexploringitslushenvironmentsnorkelingintheclearbluewatersandchasingafterthepiratetreasurelorethatissopopularamongthelocalSeychellois.HewassoinspiredbyhissurroundingsthatheincludedmuchofwhathesawandexperiencedintheSeychellesinhiseighthBondbooktheshortstoriescollectionentitledForYourEyesOnly.ThroughouttheshortstorycollectionFlemingwroteduringhisholidayintheSeychellesarenodstotheUNITEDKINGDOM-CIRCA2007apostagestampprintedinUnitedKingdomshowingimagesofcoversofJamesBondForYourEyesOnlynovelsbyIanFlemingcirca2007.PhotocatwalkershutterstockTheOceanfrontIanFlemingSuiteelevatedonstiltsoverthecrystalclearIndianOcean.beganworkonhisfirstspynovelon17thFebruary1952.WithintwomonthsFleminghaddevelopedtheJamesBondcharacterandcompletedthefirstnovelinthespyseriesCasinoRoyale.InthecomingyearsFlemingwouldcrankoutfivemoreBondnovelsLiveandLetDieMoonrakerDiamondsareForeverFromRussiawithLoveandDr.NobeforearrivingontheshoresoftheSeychellesin1958.ArrivalinSeychellesandInspirationFleminghadalreadycompletedmuchoftheworkonhisseventhBondnovelGoldfingerwhenhearrivedontheislandofMahintheSeychellesintheearlyspringof1958.SeekingrespitefromthedrearyspringweatherofLondonFleminghadcomeonholidaytothisIndianOceanparadiseinsearchofrelaxationandwarmerweather. 17kreolFeatureISSUE6August201317islandnationandexamplesofinfluencesfromhistripratherthanrefertofictitiousplacesorleaveoutnamesaltogetherFlemingdirectlystateswheretheBondcharacterisheadedinthestory.ThecollectionoffiveshortstoriesthatmakeupForYourEyesOnlyonebookissetentirelyintheSeychelles.Totherightisanexcerptfromthatbook.OthernodstohistimeontheislandofMaharefoundinthenamesofcharactersinthestory.BondcrossesswordswithanAmericannemesisandhiswifeinthestory.ThecharactersarenamedMiltonandLizKrestarumoredreferencetohispreferredtonicandgingerbeerdrinkontheisland.LastingImpactontheSeychellesFlemingstimespentontheislandparadiseisstillrememberedtoday.TheNortholmehotelhascomeundernewmanagementinrecentyearshavingbeenpurchasedbyHiltonWorldwideResortsandbeenrenamedtheHiltonSeychellesNortholmeResortandSpa.Themodernhotelreopenedwith40privatevillasfive-staraccommodationandanunchangedprivatebeachthatlooksasitdidwhenFlemingvisited65yearsago.HiltonWorldwideResortsevenhasaprivatevilladedicatedtoFleming.ThevillaisaremodeledversionoftheoneFlemingstayedinduringhisvisitandcomescompletewithakingsizecircularbedanoceanfrontviewandthecompletecollectionofBondnovelsandDVDs.Flemingpassedawayin1964aftersufferingaheartattack.YearsofheavysmokinganddrinkingcausedFlemingtodevelopheartdiseaseandtheresultingheartattackwastoomuchforhisbodytoovercome.Helivedtosee11Bondnovelsandonebookofshortstoriespublishedduringhislifetimewithonemorenovelandoneshortstoriescollectionpublishedposthumouslyafterhisdeath.WhileFlemingtookhisBondcharactertonumerousexcitinglocalesaroundtheworldthetinyislandnationofSeychellesproudlyservednotonlyastheholidaydestinationforthecharacterscreatorbutalsoasthebackdropforoneofhisfamousstorylines.MhadtoldBondhewassendinghimtotheSeychelles.AdmiraltyarehavingtroublewiththeirnewfleetbaseintheMaldives.CommunistsarecreepinginfromCeylon.Strikessabotage-theusualpicture.MayhavetocuttheirlossesandfallbackontheSeychelles...Justgoandhavealook.MglancedoutofthewindowatthedrivingMarchsleet.Dontgetsunstroke.excerptfromForyoureyesonlyIanFlemingrightportraitonthesetofGOLDFINGER1964withSeanConneryandShirleyEaton.PhotoMoviestorecollectionLtdAlamy ISSUE6August2013kreolNature18 19ISSUE6August2013kreolNatureHouseatMelrosePlantation.PhotoRinaldMamachevCANERIVERCreolesofLOUISIANA ISSUE6August2013kreolNature20ANationalHistoricLandmarkthatcomprisessixstructuresanddatesbackthreehundredyearstheMelrosePlantationisattheheartofthestoryofCreolelifeinLouisiana.Mrs.TheresaDelphin-MorganadescendentofthefamilieswhosettledherespeaksabouttheMelrosePlantationtakingusbackthroughtimetofollowthestoryoftheCaneRiverCreolesofLouisiana.BorninChainsMrs.Delphin-MorganrecallstheoriginoftheMelrosePlantation.AugustinethesonofMarieThrseandClaudeThomasheandhisfamilystartedthisplantation.ItallstartedaboutnineortengenerationsagowiththeMtoyerfamily.Inthemid-18thcenturyMarieThrseCoincoinwasbornintoslaverytoslaveparentsinLouisiana.Whenshewasabout25yearsoldhermistressleasedherouttoaFrenchbusinessmanClaudeThomasPierreMtoyer.HeweddedhereventuallyreportsMrs.Delphin-Morgan.TogethertheywouldhaveeightchildrenbutColonialCodeNoirlawswereverystrictagainstallowinginterracialmarriage.ThoseparticipatinginsuchaunionincludingclergyfacedfiercepenaltiesfromtheSpanishgovernment.AfterSpaintookovertheCatholicChurchgotverytightaboutmarriageoutoftheChurchorunionsoutsideoftheChurchandsotheybrokeuptheunionMrs.Delphin-Morgansays.FromSlaverytoSavvyBusinesswomanMtoyergrantedCoincoinherfreedomin1778andcontinuedhisrelationshipwithheruntilhemetandmarriedaFrenchwomantenyearslaterin1788.MtoyergaveMarieThrseapieceoflandforherandherchildrensaysMrs.Delphin-Morgan.Those68acreswerewhereCoincoinraisedthecouplesyoungerfreebornchildren.Shetrappedraisedtobaccocraftedmedicinesandestablishedacattleranchonherlandallenterprisestoearnmoney.AsafreewomanCoincoinleveragedtheSpanishlawofLasSietePartidastoreceivealandgrantandpurchasebacksixofherchildrenandgrandchildren. 21ISSUE6August2013kreolNatureMrs.Delphin-MorgancontinuesMarieThrseandherchildrentogethermanagedwithinIthinkitwasthreegenerationstoputtogetherabout3000acresoflandjustbyhardwork.TheNatchitochesCreoleCommunityThiscommunityisspreadovermanymilesinthisareasaysMrs.Delphin-Morgan.MarieThrsegraduallyfreedallofherchildrenandthelastonetobefreedwashergreat-great-granddaughterSusanthatwastheonlydaughtershehad.AllofMarieThrsesotherchildrenwereboys.OneofthemLouishelpedbuildaplantationacrosstheriver.SothiswasLouisplantationandSusansdescendantshadthelandtothenorthofheresotheyreallyaretherootstothiswholecommunitywhichcoversmostofCaneRiverandnowcoversmuchofLouisiana.Dr.TerrelDelphintheFatheroftheCreoleRenaissance-ResurrectionspearheadedeffortstopreserveandpromotethecultureoftheCaneRiverCreoles.ThestatusandrecognitionofCreolecultureinLouisianatodayisdirectlyattributabletohisdedicationandperseverance.In1997twoCreoleplantationsweretransferredtothetheNationalParkService.TheyboughttwoplantationsMrs.Delphin-MorganrecallsOaklandPlantationuptheriverwasstartedbythePrudommefamily.ThePrudhommesfarmedituntil1999itsdesignatedaBicentennialFarm.TheydecidedtopreserveitandgiveittotheNationalParkServiceaspartofthenationalparkCaneRiverCreoleNationalHistoricPark.TheplantationontheotherendoftheriverwasonethatwasstartedbytheLeCourfamilywhichwasaCreolefamilyandthatwasMagnoliaPlantation.ThegroundswereopenedtothepublicandvisitorsweretouringthegroundsgettingtoknowsomeCreolehistory.ThisincludedwalkingthroughareaswhereCreolefamilieslived.Mrs.Delphin-MorganremembersSoTerrelcameinonedayandsaidLookwererightinthemiddleoftheparkwhatsgonnahappentomypeopleWedontwanttobecometheobjectsofthetourbecausewelivehere.HebegantobecomeveryactiveandheorganizedCreolecommunitiesalloverthestate.DonaldGallionTheresaDelphin-MorganandDr.HiramGregoryProfessorofArchaeologyattheNorthwesternStateUniversityofLouisianainfrontoftheBadin-RoqueHouse.PhotosRinaldMamachev ISSUE6August2013kreolNature22MelrosePlantationAtMelrosePlantationMrs.Delphin-Morganspokeaboutitshistory.Thisbighousewasbuiltinthe1830sforLouisMtoyersfamily.TheresanearlierhousewethinkhereinthebackandthentheresanAfricanhousewhichforsomepeoplewastheonlyexampleofAfricanArchitecture.TheresaprettyniceFrenchbarnastorehouseandaMacazee.ThesetwohousesareprobablythesameageorearlierbutLouishadanotherplantationhouseacrosstheriverandIhavenoideawhathappenedtoittheresnothingleftofitbutthisplantation.OvertheyearsownershipofthisplantationgraduallygotmovedtoanIrishimmigrantfamilynamedHenry.In1884merchantJosephHenrypurchasedtheplantationandisresponsibleforhavingnameditMelrose.JosephswifeCammyHenrywasthelastowner.AfieldworkerandcookontheplantationClementineHuntertookupartinher50sandbecamethemostfamousfolkartistinLouisiana.MissCammywasverymuchapatronofthearts--WilliamFaulknercamehereforawhile--soshewasapatrontheartsbuttosomeextentherconnectiontotheplantationkindofoverpoweredtheCreolestory.TheconcernwasthatfocusonthehistoryofCreolesinNatchitocheswouldbelost.OhyeswetrytotelltheCreolestorysaysMrs.Delphin-MorganandIgavethepreservationitscreditforlisteningnowsowehavepeopleontheboardandwellIthinkthepeopleweresurprisedtheyhaveabetterstoryTheCaneRiverCallstheCreolesItsjustbeenabeautifulexperiencetobehereonthisplantationsaysMrs.Delphin-Morgan.WhenMrs.Delphin-MorganisaskedwhyshechosetoremainintheNatchitochesParishregionofLouisianaratherthanmovingawaysherepliesWellIjustreallydidnotwanttoleavehome.Thishasbeenourhome.OurfamilylivedjustrightupthehighwayandIhadtheopportunitytogotoschoolattheNorthwesternStateUniversityandIworkedintheNatchitochesParishanditwasjusthomethisbeautifularea.Badin-RoqueHouse.Thishistorichouseistheonlysurvivingexampleofpoteaux-et-terrepostinthegroundandbousillagearchitectureinLouisianaandfeaturesasinglecentralchimneyanddirtfloors.Thishouseisalsotheonlyoneoffivepoteaux-et-terreandbousillagehomesintheUSAandoffersafirst-handglanceofCreolefrontierlife.PhotoRinaldMamachevqSt.AugustineCatholicChurchIsleBrevelleNatchitochesLouisianaistheculturalcenterofCaneRivershistoricCrolecommunity.Establishedasamissionchurchin1829bythefreedslaveNicolasAugustinMetoyerSt.AugustineiscelebratedasthefirstchurchbuiltbyandforfreepeopleofcolorinLouisianaandapparentlythesecondoldestintheUnitedStates. ComegetatasteofallLouisianahastoofferfromouruniquecuisinetoourvibrantmusicscene.Itswherethemusicneverstopsandalotofitstarted.2013TheLouisianaDepartmentofCultureRecreationTourism 24ISSUE6August2013THEBLACKCHOPINOFHAITILudovicLamotheLudovicLamothetheBlackChopinofHaiticomposedmanypianopiecesincludingHaitianmeringuesandheplayedakeyroleinthedevelopmentofHaitismusicalculture.Lamothealsogaverenownedmusicalrecitalsandperformancesofclassicalmusic. 25kreolFeatureISSUE6August2013Bornin1882inPort-au-PrinceLamothecamefromaprominentliteraryandmusicalfamily.Hisfatherandgrandfatherwerebothmusicians.HisgrandfatherJosephLamothewasknownasanexcellentinstrumentalist.LamothesmotherVirginieSampeurwasafamouspoetwhowasoncemarriedtothecelebratedHaitianpoetOswaldDurand.ShewroteTheAbandonedWomanwhichfeaturesinmanyHaitiananthologiesofpoetry.Sampeuralsoplayedthepianoandshegaveheryoungsonhisfirstpianolessons.LamothestudiedpianoandclarinetattheInstitutionSaintLouisdeGonzagainPort-au-Prince.Hesoongainedareputationfortechnicalexcellenceandhisteachersalsonotedhistalentforcomposing.GermanmerchantsinHaitifundedascholarshiptoenabletheimpressiveyoungmusiciantofurtherhisstudiesinParis.HewenttoFrancein1910andhestudiedattheParisConservatorywherehewastaughtbyLouisDieter.LamothegaveaperformanceattheCeroledesAnnalesinParis.Themusicianreturnedhomein1911.Hetaughtpianoprivatelyandhealsoheldpianorecitalsathishome.HeusuallygavetherecitalsonSundayafternoons.TherecitalsappealedtothemiddleandtheupperclassesofHaitiwhowereinterestedinculture.LamotheoftenperformedworksbyChopinhisfavouritecomposersohewascalledUnChopinNoirABlackChopin.HegaveaperformanceattheRexTheatretocommemorateChopinsdeath.OneoftheworksheperformedwasChopinsacclaimedPolonaiseinAFlat.LamothesCompositionsLamothecomposedonlyforthepiano.HisinspirationsincludedEuropeanclassicalmusicandmusicthatappealedtothelowerclassesofHaitisuchasCarnivalmringues.MringuesaretraditionalHaitianpiecesthatcombineAfricanandSpanishinfluences.MichaelLargeytheauthorofVodouNationwritesthatmringuesareacrossovergenrethatappealstoseveralsocialgroups.LamathealsowantedtoincludeHaitianVodouandCreoleelementswithinhiscompositions.Thecomposersmostfamousclassically-influencedmusicwasLaDangereuse.Thiswasamringuedesignedtoappealtotheelite.AmringuelenteslowmringueLaDangereusewasextremelyexpressivewithalyricalmelodyanditbecameextremelypopularwithHaitianswhoappreciatedclassicalmusic.LaDangereuseshowstheinfluenceofLamothesbelovedChopin.LamotheapatrioticHaitianalsowrotemringuesthatappealedtotheworking-classesofHaiti.TheseincludedtheCarnivalmringueNibowhichwonaPort-au-PrincecitycouncilcompetitionforthebestCarnivalmringuein1934.ThecomposerwrotethisinanticipationoftheendoftheoccupationofHaitibytheceLtherstpianotnionilaccmuseelohHangeresvedChooticHaitianalsowroteedtotheworking-cLamothesmostfamousclassically-inuencedmusicwasLaDangereuse.Thiswasamringuedesignedtoappealtotheelite. 26ISSUE6August2013Americanarmy.ThepiecebecameanunofficialLiberationAnthemandthelowerclassesespeciallyenjoyeditschorus.Thiswasbecausetheyenjoyedgesturingandshoutingduringtherepetitivephrasesofthemusic.Unfortunatelythecomposerranintofinancialtroublesin1944.ThiswasbecauseonlytwoofhismusicalpieceswerepublishedinternationallyandhedidntmakeenoughmoneyfromhismusicinHaiti.InfactLamotheusuallyhadhiscompositionsprintedathisownexpense.Hewasevictedfromthehomewherehehadlivedformorethan36years.TheeliteofHaitikindlyraisedfundsforLamotheamountingtoover4000sothathecouldbuyanewhome.ThesepeopleincludedthehistorianJeanFouchardandthewriterPhilippeThoby-Marcelin.LamotheeventuallybecameChiefofMusicoftheRepublicofHaiti.Hediedin1953.ManymusicalcriticsaredisappointedthatacollectionofLamothespianomusicisoutofprint.HoweverthesheetmusiccollectionAVisionofLudovicLamothecanbefoundinlibraries.CDswithperformancesofLamothesmusicareavailable.AVisionofLudovicLamothea2001recordingcontainsperformancesbyCharlesP.Phillips.A1999CDMusicoftheHaitianMasterscontainsthreeworksofLamothe.TheseareScherzoSoboandLaDangereuse.ThesewereallwrittenforthepianobutinthisrecordingareperformedbyJeanE.Saint-EloionMIDIguitar.LamothesworksarenowbecomingevenmorefamousandheisincreasinglycelebratedinHaiti.Hiscompositionsareoftenperformedinhishomecountry.OneofthemusicianswhogivesregularrecitalsofLamothesmusicisDr.JoshuaRussell.AccordingtothearticleHaitianMusicHighlightedatWestSuburbanLectureRecitalbyKathyMicheliDr.RussellsaidbeforeoneconcertthatItisarealjoytoperformtheseworksthatrepresentthebeautifulandrichculturaltraditionthatalsoexistsinHaiti.LamothewasoneofthemostnotableHaitianmusicians.HislegacyislikelytoberememberedandcelebratedforalongtimeinHaiti.ManyHaitianshopethatotherCreolemusicianswillfollowinhisfootsteps.ItisarealjoytoperformtheseworksthatrepresentthebeautifulandrichculturaltraditionthatalsoexistsinHaiti.--DrJoshuaRussellLouis-JosephDimerLamothesmentorinPariscirca1860sbytienneCarjat. EUROPAHOUSE56WELBECKSTREETLuxuryServicedResidencesinLittleVeniceExtendedStayServicedResidencesinMaryleboneNO.5MADDOXSTREETAStylishBoutiqueHotelAlternativeinMayfairPleasequoteRILAGROUPwhenbookingWWW.LIVINGROOMS.CO.UKNo.5MADDOXSTREETMayfairLondonW1S2QDT4402076470200EUROPAHOUSE79ARandolphAvenueLittleVeniceLondonW91DWT440207724592456WELBECKSTREETMaryleboneLondonW1G9XHT4402036426818 ISSUE6August201328PhotoMichael_Weintrob 29ISSUE6August2013kreolMusicTERRANCESIMIENatirelessadvocateandsaviourofItisnoteverydaythatsomeoneislabelledasaviourbutonelookatthelifeandcareerofTerranceSimienprovidesampleproofthatheisinfactworthyofthelabelofsaviourforhiseortstopreserveapieceofhisCreoleheritage.TheworldisfullofavarietyofculturesbothlargeandsmallbuttheCreolecultureisperhapsoneofthemostpervasiveyetoverlookedculturesontheplanet.KreolMagazineinterviewsTerranceSimien.ZYDECOMUSIC ISSUE6August201330Therearesome15millionindividualsonplanetEarththatidentifyasCreole.ThesepeoplearespreadaroundtheglobefromthesouthernswampsofLouisianatothetropicalislandsoftheCaribbeantotheislandnationsofSeychellesandMauritiusintheIndianOcean.TheyidentifyasCreoleCreolandKreolandwhiletheirlivesaredifferentineachregiontheirbackgroundsareremarkablysimilarandincrediblyuniquetotheirheritage.TerranceSimienwasbornintotheCreolecultureofsouthernLouisianaoneoftheoldestCreoleculturesintheworld.Simienwasbornon3September1965inMalletLouisianainSt.LandryParish.HeisaneighthgenerationmemberofafamilythathasbeeninSt.LandryParishsincetheearliestdaysofsettlementinthearea.TerrancehasspentmuchofhislifeimmersedinhisnativeZydecomusicagenrethatmanyhavecreditedTerrancewithsavingfromnearextinction.InordertounderstandjusthowpivotalTerrancescareerinZydecohasbeentosavingthegenreonehastolookbackathisupbringing.GrowingupinsouthernLouisianaTerrancewasexposedtohisCreoleculturessignaturemusicalformearlyonbyhisfatherandotherfamilymembers.FromaveryyoungageSimienknewthatmusicwasgoingtobehisfirstloveanditwasZydecothatgothisbloodmoving.FromaroundtheageofthreeSimiencouldtellthatmusicwasgoingtobehispassion.TheverybeatofthemusicthejoythelistenersgotfromhearingitandthewayitmadehimfeelpulledSimienintotheworldofZydeco.HedescribedhisearlyinteractionswithmusicinaninterviewwithKreolMagazineasfollowsWellyouknowweusedtohavedancesinourCatholicChurch.IgrewupCatholicandwehadfundraisersandoneofthefundraiserswasZydecodancingonceamonthinStAnnesCatholicChurchinMadrickandthatwasoneofmyfirstexperiencesofhearinglivemusic.IcanrememberIwasprobably3yearsoldandIjustlovedmusicperiodThewayIgotintoplayingmusicwaswhenIstartedsingingattheChurchfirstandthenat10yearsoldIjoinedaschoolbandandmyfirstinstrumentwasatrumpetandasateenagerTerrancewasparticularlydrawninbyZydecoafterattendingsomedancesandotherperformanceswithhisfather.DuringhisyouthZydecowasatacriticaljunctureasagenre.ManyofthegenresgreatestperformerswerereachingoldageandyoungergenerationseitherwerentinterestedordidntcareaboutZydeco.ItappearedthatthisdistinctlyCreolemusicalgenrecouldbefacedwithextinction.WhenaskedabouthisearlycareerinZydecoandhisbeginningshehadthefollowingtosayIwentoutwithmydadtosomeoftheseZydecodance-offsandatthattimeZydecomusicwasconsideredthemusicoftheoldergeneration.Imeantherewereveryfewteenagersthatwereintothemusic.Icanremembergoingouttoteendanceswherepopularmusicplayedatthetimeanditjustfeltsouptight.Theatmospherewassotense.Youwantedtodancebutyoufeltyoucouldntdancebecauseyoufeltyoumightdosomethingwrongandthenthekidswouldteaseyouafterthat.ButwhenIwenttotheZydecodanceIfollowedmydadIwasprobablyabout13yearsoldandIcanremembergoingwelltherewouldjustbeoldpeopletherebutImgonnagoandImgonnahaveagoodtimebuttomysurprisewhenIgotthereIsawsometeenagekidsmyagethatwasouttherewiththeirPhotoBobAdamek 31ISSUE6August2013kreolMusicparentssoIstarteddancingwiththemandwestartedhavingagoodtime.Letmejustgoandenjoythemusicyouknow.SothatreallygotmeintothemusicandthenIstartedlisteningtothemusicandwhatthemusicwassayingandreallyfeelingthemusiconthatlevelandsaidwellyeahIwannaseeifIcanplaythissoIboughtanaccordionandtaughtmyselfhowtoplayafewsongsandthenextthingyouknowIgotabandandthatshowitstartedforme.SimienandhisbandmatesnowknownasTerranceSimienandtheZydecoExperiencerepresentedjustoneoftwoactiveZydecogroupsintheirearlydaysduringthe1980s.FewgroupsexistedatthistimetobringZydecotothemassesandSimiensgroupworkedhardtokeeptheirCreoleculturealiveandwell.HeneversoughttoproducebillboardtoppinghitsongsandplatinumalbumsforhimitwasaboutpreservingCreolesculturalrootsandpreventingthedeathofZydeco.Thebigbreakforhisgroupcamein1987whenheproducedtracksforafeaturefilmstarringDennisQuaid.ThemovieappropriatelyenoughwasentitledTheBigEasyHismusicappearedinseveralpartsofthefilm.SimiendescribedthisbreakthroughmomentforhisbandtoKreolMagazineWellIvebeenplayingZydecomusicsince1981andwevebeenlucky.Weworkedhardbutalsobeenlucky.Ivehadmymusicfeaturedinseveralfilms.ThefirstonewasTheBigEasyandIhadtwosongsThiswasin1987andIalsoco-wroteasongwiththeleadactorDennisQuaidandthesongwasusedasbackgroundmusictothelovescene.Atthetimeitwasarealracykindoflovesceneanditwaskindoflikethetalkofthemovieyouknowontopofeverythingelse.Butthatkindofgotmestarted.ThatreallyhelpedmeestablishandsincethenIvebeentouringconstantly.FromthereTerranceSimienandtheZydecoExperiencebegantotakeoff.Overtheyearshisbandhastravelledtheglobeandperformedsome7000liveeventsformusicloversinover40differentcountries.HistravelseventookhimtootherCreoleregionsoftheworldinparticularatriptoSeychellesandMauritiusin2006.ThegroupperformedfourshowsontheislandofMahinadditiontothreeshowsinMauritius.SimienlikelydidnotsetouttosaveZydecobutneverthelesshehasmanagedtopreserveauniqueculturalartformforCreolegenerationstocomeandcontinueshiseffortsthroughliveperformancesandeducation.InadditiontoperformanceswithhisbandTerranceandhiswifeandbandmanagerCynthiaworktirelesslytoeducateandadvocateforZydecomusicamongtheyoungergeneration.ThroughanumberofgroupsTerranceandCynthiahopetokeepZydecoaliveforfutureCreolegenerationstoenjoy.CreoleforKidzandtheHistoryofZydecoisamusiceducationprogramthecouplestartedin2001whichhasimpactedsome500000childrenteachersandparentsin20statesandcountrieslikeBrazilParaguayCanadaAustraliaandtheDominicanRepublic.ThecouplealsofoundedMusicMattersInc.anon-profitorganisationthatnurturesemergingmusicaltalents.SimienmayneveracknowledgetheaccoladessomebestowuponhimasasaviourofthegenrebuthisactionsandtirelessworkhavedonenothinglessthansaveZydeco.HismusicalgroupandadvocacygroupshavehelpedraiseawarenessofZydecoinyoungergenerationsofCreolesandbroughtattentiontothegenreoutsidetheCreoleworldaswell.PhotoHillaryNelson 32ISSUE6August2013MiriamMakebaMAMAAFRICABreakingthroughlifelongbarriersbothpersonalandpublicMiriamMakebalivedacourageouslifeunafraidofstandingupforwhatwasright.Shedidsowithasonginherheartforalltheworldtohear.HereisthestoryoftheamazingMamaAfrica.PhotoEyeBrowzAlamy 33kreolFeatureISSUE6August2013 ISSUE6August201334HowstrongisthepowerofsongGrammyawardwinningperformerMiriamMakebasanghersongfordecadesrallyingagainstapartheidandinsupportofmakingabetterlifeforAfricansandothersoppressedbyunjustdifficulties.HermessagewassunginCreoleZuluFrenchandnumerousotherlanguagestoreachasmanyearsandmindsasshecouldwithherentreaties.HerpopularityhelpedpropelhertotheforefrontasaleadinginternationalfigureinthefightagainstapartheidandMakebafinallywitnessedtherewardofhereffortsduringherlifetimewiththeendofSouthAfricanapartheid.Eventhenshecontinuedwithherworkuntilherdyingday.Makebarosetoprominencearmedwiththepersonalfirsthandknowledgeofwhatitfeltliketobepoorhungryabusedandoppressed.WhilesuchtraumascanoftenturnpeoplehardandbittertheseveryexperienceswerewhatmovedMakebatopositiveactionandcatapultedhertointernationalfameasaniconofjustice.MakebasEarlyLifeBorninJohannesburgin1932ZenzileMiriamMakebabeganalifefilledwithgreatchallenges.YetasthemeaningofhernameZenzileOnewhocanovercomelifesobstaclesandmakeawayforherselfwouldforeshadowMakebagrewtobeonewhocouldovercomelifesobstaclesandmakeapathforherself.Thedifficultiesstartedearly.Sheessentiallybeganherlifebehindbarsatthesideofhermotherwhohadbeenimprisonedfortheoffenceofsellinghomemadebeer.AtthetenderageofsixMakebasfatherdied.NeitherofthesedauntingexperienceswouldquiettheemergingsongwithinMakebasspirit.WithherfatherspassingMakebabeganworkasahousemaidsingingthroughhertasks.ShesanginherPretoriaprimaryschoolwherehermusicalabilitieswerelauded.Itwasalreadyevidentthatmusicliftedherspiritsandthatthroughhermusicshecouldliftthespiritsofothers.AstimepassedMakebasangatweddingsandothersmallvenues.InherlateteensshegavebirthtoadaughtersoonthereafterMakebawasdiagnosedwithbreastcancer.Herthen-husbandleftherbutMakebasmotherusedherownhealingtechniquestocuretheyoungsinger.Nothingcouldstophersongandshebeganclimbingtheprofessionalranksinthe1950s.MamaAfricaShejoinedTheManhattanBrotherssinginggroupandlaterbecamepartofTheSkylarksanall-femalePhotoGalloImagesAlamyPhotoPictorialPressLtdAlamy 35ISSUE6August2013kreolMusicgroup.Asherfledglingcareerwasbeginningsomevenuesembracedherwhileothersbannedherperformancesoutright.Howeverin1959sherocketedtointernationalstardomthankstosongsshesanginthedocumentaryComeBackAfrica.Shewaspropelledintoperformancesinjazzclubsandontelevision.RenownedsingerHarryBelefonteguidedhermeteoricriseandsoonMakebawashobnobbingwiththelikesofBingCrosbyMarlinBrandoMarilynMonroeandJohnF.Kennedy.Makebasstarquicklyrose.Allwasnotglitter.In1960shesufferedexilefromSouthAfricaforheroutspokenviewsandwasforcedtoleavethehomeshesodearlyfoughtfor.Inheradultlifeshehadfivemarriagesandrodearollercoasterbetweenwealthandpoverty.In1962shebeganaddressingtheUNonapartheidissuesSouthAfricathenbannedherwork.ShecametobeaffectionatelyknownasMamaAfricaasshecontinuedheranti-apartheidmessageandalsobecameinvolvedwithcivilrightsandblackpowerissues.SheeventuallybecameaUNdelegateforGuinea.LifesupsanddownscontinuedforMamaAfrica.Herdaughterdiedin1985in1986MakebawontheDagHammarskjldPeacePrize.MakebawasappointedaUNGoodwillAmbassadorin1999atitleshehelduntilherpassing.AsAmbassadorMakebaparticipatedinnumerouseffortstoliftupandimprovelifeforwomenandoppressedgroupswithastrongfocusonhelpingtoendhunger.ShethrewherenergiesintodoingeverythingshecouldtofightgrossinjusticeviolenceagainstandwithinAfricanpopulationsanddiseasethatsodevastatedthepoor.ShewouldsinginfundraisingconcertstosupportfoodprojectsinSouthAfricaandelsewhere.MakebasFinaleIn2005despitebattlingosteoarthritisMakebabeganamultiple-yearfarewelltourthatwouldsadlyprovetobeappropriatelynamed.InNovember2008MakebawasinherelementonthestageinItalyperforminginaconcerttosupporteffortsagainstanorganizedcrimesyndicate.ShehadjustfinishedsingingherfamoussignaturesongPataPatawhenMakebasufferedaheartattack.Beforethesurprisedaudiencethisgracefulbastionofcourageandstrengthcollapsedonthestageliterallyfightingforthecausesshebelievedinrightupuntilshecouldgivenomore.EightyearsbeforeherdeathMakebawasquotedassayingIvealwaysbeensingingandIwilldiesinging.March42013wouldhavebeenMakebas81stbirthday.GenerationswhorememberherandthoseyettodiscoverherhaveinMakebaaninspirationtocherish.PhotofromthefilmComeBackAfrica1959-USADirectorLionelRogosinSongsMiriamMakeba.PhotoPhotos12Alamy ISSUE6August201336NIMBAYAanall-femaleGuineanpercussiontroupesharesanewinterpretationoftraditionalAfricandrumminganddancewithitsworld-wideaudience.Thelivelymusicofthegroupimpressedseveralcriticsduringitstours.NIMBAYAalsobreakstaboosdoescommunityoutreachandtriestopromotepeaceandunderstandingthroughthearts.PhotoVictorDiazlamich 37ISSUE6August2013kreolMusicNIMBAYAASTORYofLOVECOURAGEandDETERMINATIONInthelate1950sandthe1960sGuineabecamethecentreforAfricandrumanddanceandseveraltroupeswereformed.LeBalletsAfricainsfoundedin1958wasthefirstGuineaninternationaldancecompany.Thistroupeprovidedinspirationtootherstofoundtheirowncompanies.SeveralcelebritiesincludingMiriamMakebaandHarryBelafontevisitedGuineabecausetheywantedtobeapartofthethrivingmusicalscene.HoweverastrongtabooexistedinGuineaagainstwomenlearningtheartofdjembedrumming.Thistaboohadexistedforthousandsofyears.Calledthemagicdrumthedjembedrumwasregardedasextremelypowerfulanditwasusedinvillageceremonies.Perhapsthiswasonereasonwhywomenwhoplayedthedjembedrumrantheriskofbeingdisownedbytheirfamilies.Thistraditionaltaboostillexiststoday.In1998thecourageousfounderofNIMBAYAMamoudouConddecidedtobreakthistabooeventhoughheisaman.SupportedbyGuineasDepartmentofCulturehebroughtfifteenwomenfromfourculturalregionsofGuineatoformthegroup.Hestilldirectstheall-femaletroupe.Thewomenwhobelongedtothegroupwerefromimpoverishedbackgroundsandseveralofthemstruggledtosupporttheirchildren.Manyofthewomenalsorantheriskofbeingdisownedbytheirfamilies.Thiswasbecausetheywerelearningamusicalinstrumenttraditionallypreservedformales.ThetroupewasoriginallycalledAmazoneWomenMasterDrummers.ThewomendecidedtochangeittothehighlysymbolicNimbayabecausetheyfoundthisnamemoreinspirational.ThenameoriginatedfromtheNimbamask.ThismaskisverysignificantinWest-Africancultureanditrepresentsawomanattheheightofherpowerandbeauty.Themaskalsosymbolisesstrengthlifeandproductivityatagriculturalceremonies.Choosingthisnamewasintendedtobeatributetowomensbeautystrengthfertilityandintegrity.NIMBAYAhashadtwoworldtoursalready.Thegroupundertookthesetoursin2004and2006.In2004NIMBAYAtravelledtoNorthAmericaandtheyreceivedexcellentreviewsfortheirmusic.Theaudiencesrespondedtothegroupsdanceandpercussionwithgreatjoy.In2007thetroupeembarkedonaworldtourwithanewprogramme.ThistourincludedperformancesatMontrealsFestivalInternationalNuitsdAfrique.Oneoftheseperformanceswasinfrontofover7000peopleclosingthe20thAnniversaryeditionoftheFestival.TheaudienceslovedthegroupscelebrationofmodernandtraditionalAfricanstorytellingandmusic.Thegroupsthirdtourintroducesanewprogrammeofdancestorytellinganddrumming.ThisisintendedtorelatetalesaboutthesituationofAfricanwomen.Thetalentedandcreativewomenplaysongswhichtheywrotethemselvesonthesetours.Theirtourscelebratethepowerofthedjembedrum.AccordingtoapromotionalvideoonthewebsiteofNIMBAYAthisisapowerfulsoundasoldascivilisationitself.ChoosingthisnameNIMBAYAwasintendedtobeatributetowomensbeautystrengthfertilityandintegrity.swnattheheightoaskalsosymbolisivityatagricultsnamewasinautystrengtoursalready.Thend20AI1950neahecentrddseverad.LeBfricaithefirstGintstroupeeditheiropanies.SeveragMiriamaandHarryBelafonGuinetheywantedthriscene.ongtgarrummars.Calledsregardedasextrdinvillageceremoonwhywomenwheriskofbeinraditional98thouCghtexcellentThcesrespondedtoercussionwithgreatjoy.ingthisnamtobeatr ISSUE6August201338AccordingtoareviewatWhatsupArlington.comVANIMBAYAofa2012performanceNIMBAYAreceivedseveralstandingovations.Theenergypassionandskillexhibitedfromthestagewasincredibleandtheaudiencerespondedwithenthusiasm.WhenaskedabouttheplaceswhichheenjoyedvisitingthemostCondsaidthathelovedthemallincludingLouisiana.HoweverheespeciallylovedBrazil.ThiswasbecauseWefoundourfamilythere.ItislikelivinghomeandwethoughtweweregoingtoBrazilbutwefoundourownpeoplethere.ThepeopletheresupportedusandtheydideverythingtheycouldtohelpusthroughoutourtourIfoundmylostbrothersandsisters.Condthegroupsfounderwasalsoaskedaboutitsinspirationandvision.HerepliedthattheCreatorinspiresNIMAYAandhegivesusthosetalentstoexpressourfeelings.Hisvisionissocialandpolitical.HewantsthemembersofNIMAYAtoactasrolemodelsforgirlsandwomenallovertheworldnotonlyinGuineaMymainconcernistostopfemalegenitalmutilationbecausemanywomenhavesufferedfromitandifthisisacausewecanfighttogethertheentireplanetcanjoinandfighttostopthispractice.Itwillchangealotinawomanslife.OnewayinwhichNIMAYAhelpspeopleisthroughcommunityoutreach.TheyworkwithcollegeanduniversitystudentsandsharetraditionalAfricanmusicandstorytellingwiththem.TheyintroducethemtotherichnessofAfricanculturethroughitsmusicanddance.Thegrouphasprogrammesthatincludeperformanceslecturesresidenciesmasterclassesandpaneldiscussions.MusichaschangedthemembersofthegroupslivescompletelysoCondthinksthatitisalsopossibleforotherwomentofindtheircallingsandtotransformtheirownlives.HeadviseswomentoKnowyourselfbeconfidentinyourselfnobodywillstopyou.Rejuvenatereviveyourselfandkeeppushingon.PhotoVictorDiazlamichPhotoRinaldMamachevPhotoRinaldMamachevPhotoRinaldMamachev SaintLuciaisthebeautifulCaribbeanislandthathasitallandmore.HometothemagicalPitonMountainsunspoiltrainforestsun-soakedbeachesaworld-classchoiceofaccommodationdeliciousdiningandawholerangeofuniqueandthrillingactivitiesforeveryonetoenjoy.Comeandexperiencethissensationalislandforyourself.Liftyoursensesatwww.stlucia.orgcalluson02073417005oremailsltbinfostluciauk.orgformoreinformation.DISCOVERTHECARIBBEANISLANDTHATLIFTSALLYOURSENSES ISSUE6August201340HUNDREDSOFINFLUENCESandaSingularSoundTHEMUSICTHATINFORMSMusicLilMusic 41ISSUE6August2013kreolMusicMuzikLilMuzikMLMisaLondon-basedfemaleduopromotingandcelebratingtheSocamusicscene.SistersNadineandSamanthaaretheheartandsoulofMLManddeterminedtointroduceawideraudiencetothegroovesofSoca.SocamusicborninTrinidadandTobagoisknownforitscombinationofcalypsoandthecadencesoftheFrenchAntilles.WhileithasbeenpopularforthelastfewdecadesinTrinidadJamaicatheBahamasandotherWestIndieslocationsitisalsodevelopingafollowingintheUKthankstonewartistsliketheladiesofMLMsistersNadineandSamantha.Whilethewomensinganddancetorhythmsoftheislandstheyactuallyembodyamyriadofmusicalinfluencesallofwhichcombinetoinformtheirsignaturestyle.NurturedonMusicBothsistersrecallmusicasapartoftheirlivesquiteearlyon.TheirfatherhailedfromSt.Vincentandtaughtthegirlsatayoungagetoplayguitaraswellaspiano.Healsoencouragedthemtolearnsteelpan.Astheygrewupotherinstrumentswouldalsofindtheirwayintothegirlsrepertoire.Thegirlsparticipatedinvariousschoolbandsandalsolearnedtoreadmusicandstudymusictheory.Theyalsosanginmultiplechoirswhichservedtostrengthentheirsingingabilitiesandcomplementtheirothermusicaltalents.Theirhomenurturedtheartsofsinginganddancingandthesistersbenefittedfromthisrichmusicalupbringing.HundredsofInuencesInarecentinterviewthesistersofMLMrecountedaplethoraofmusicalinfluences.Themusictheirparentsenjoyedbecametheirfoundationinmusic.TheladiesfatherintroducedthemtoCalypsoandthehypnoticsoundsoftheislands.HisloveforSocacertainlyinfluencedtheirdelightinthemusic.TheyalsolistenedheavilytoReggaewhichwasbelovedbytheirmother.YetgrowingupinLondonsEastsidetheladiesalsoexperiencedallthegreatvarietyofmusiccomingatthemfromseeminglyendlessdirections.FromclassicalmusictogrimefromgospeltoSocathegirlsdrankdeeplyinthesoundsoftheirbackgroundaswellastheircity.FromtheirschoolmatestheyevendevelopedanappreciationofBollywoodanditstelltalemusic.WithsomuchdiversityinfluencingthemitsonlynaturalthattheyfeelquiteathomelisteningtoallsortsofmusicyettheirloveforSocaanddesiretointroduceittoalargerworldaudiencekeepthemgroovingtotheirislandnotes.ACareerinSocaMLMhavedevelopedtheirmusiccareersteadilywithoutforsakingtheireducation.Afull-timecareerasartistsisonlynowontheirhorizon.RecentlyMLMwasnominatedforaninternationalSocaaward.AttheSocaMusicAwardsMLMwonBestUKSocaDuotheyalsowonBestSocaArtistattheCalabashAwards.RecognitionfortheirworkinSocahascertainlyhelpedtokeepMLMinspiredtocontinuetoplayandperform.Theyenjoyperformingbuttheyalsoenjoywriting.Writingisabigpartofthebondthatthesistershave.SocamusicborninTrinidadandTobagoisknownforitscombinationofcalypsoandthecadencesoftheFrenchAntilles. ISSUE6August201342ISSUE6August2013ACelebrationofSisterhoodandFamilyHearingthesistersofMLMtalkaboutgrowingupisalmosttoglimpsetheirSundaydinnerswarmedbyfamilytogethernessamazingfoodastheydescribethosefamilymealsandthechargedatmosphereofmusicalwaysinthebackground.ThesistersperformtogetherteachdancetogetherwritetogetherandsharetheirvisionforafusiontypeofSocathatdrawsupontheirowninterpretationandweavesinsomanyoftheirmusicalinfluences.TheyalsoshareandhonortheirCaribbeanbackgroundwhichisasimportanttotheirlivesasitistotheirmusic.ThesistershavealsofoundedanorganizationMakeLifeMagnificentInc.thatfeaturessummerprogrammesdesignedtoimparttheCaribbeanexperienceitscultureitshistoryandofcourseitsmusicanddance.APromisingFutureWiththeirstudiescompletedMLMhasassertedthattheirmainfocusismusicandtheywouldliketohavetheirfirstalbumcompletedbytheendofthisyear.TheyhavetentativeplanstoreleaseitintheCaribbeanhowevertheyalsohaveplanstotravelforproductionsinHollandandSwedenaswellastheU.S.InspiredbytheirglobaltravelsMLMhashighhopestobringSocatoapointwhereeveryonecanenjoyitanaspirationvoicedinarecentinterview.ItwouldbebeautifuliftheworldcanshareourpassionofSocaMusic.SinceSocamusicandCarnivalgohandinhandMLMwilllikelybeperformingatvariousCarnivaleventssomethingtheyenjoy.Theyoftentalkabouttheirlovefortheproductionandcostumesofthesemagnificentevents.WithsucharichmusicalfoundationtorelyuponandsomanyperfectlyattainabledreamswithintheirreachthesistersofMLMarecertainlyspreadingthejoyfulsoundsoftheCaribbeanwherevertheyperform.WiththeiralbumintheworksitmayonlybeamatteroftimebeforetherestoftheworldlovesSocaasmuchastheydoMLMhashighhopestobringSocatoapointwhereeveryonecanenjoyit ISSUE6August2013kreolNature44 45ISSUE6August2013kreolNatureOmoValleySURVIVALbyJoannaEedeTheOmoriverrisesinEthiopiasShewaHighlandsandowsfor760kmsthroughterracedhillsidesvolcanicoutcropsandfertilegrasslandsasfarastheworldsgreatestdesertlakeLakeTurkanainKenya.PhotoMatejHudovernik ISSUE6August2013kreolNature46ThelowervalleyoftheOmoRiverisbelievedbysomehistorianstohavebeenaculturalcrossroadsforthousandsofyearswhereavastdiversityofmigratingpeopleshaveconverged.Today8differenttribesspeaking6differentlanguageslivealongtherivertheBodiMeenDaasanachKaraorKaroKweguorMugujiMursiandNyangatom.Manyarenomadicherdsmenwhotraveltheareainsearchofwaterandgrazinglandsfortheircattlegoatsandsheep.Theyalsodependontheriverfortheirlivelihoodhavingdevelopedecologicalpracticesthatareintricatelyadaptedtothesemi-aridclimateandthefloodingcyclesoftheriver.EveryyearafterthebigrainsfallinMarchtheOmoswellsreachingitsmaximumlevelinAugustorSeptemberwhenitoverflowsdepositingafertilesiltonitsriverbanks.Thisnourishescropssuchassorghumcornandmaizeplantedonthefloodplainsandreplenishesthegrasslandsusedbycattle.Thenthemightyriverretreatsandthecyclicalprocessstartsover.Theannualfloodisthelife-bloodofthelocalpopulation.saidDr.DavidTurtonofOxfordUniversitysAfricanStudiesCentre.Yettodaythelife-givingriveristhreatenedbygovernment-sanctioneddevelopmentschemes.InJuly2006EthiopiasignedacontractwiththeItaliancompanySaliniCostruttoritobuildGibeIIIthebiggesthydroelectricdaminsub-saharanAfricadamsIandIIhavealreadybeenbuilt.Thedamwillblockthesouth-westernpartoftheriversoendingtheOmosnaturalfloodcycleandjeopardizingthetribessophisticatedfloodretreatcultivationmethods.Tribessuchasthehunter-gathererKweguwillbepushedtothebrinkbytheinevitablereductioninfishstocks.Allbuttwotribescombineagriculturewithpastoralismandnonecouldsurvivewithoutflood-retreatorrecessionagriculturesaidDr.TurtonathoughtechoedbyaKweguman.Wedependonthefishhesaid.Theyarelikeourcattle.WeeatfromtheOmoRiver.ThefollowingyearEthiopiadidnotobjecttothe2007UNDeclarationontheRightsofIndigenousPeoplesthatconfirmedStatesshallconsultandco-operateingoodfaithwiththeindigenouspeoplesconcernedtoobtaintheirfreeandinformedconsenttotheapprovalofanyprojectaffectingtheirlandsorotherresources.Yetintheinterveningyearsnotonlyhavemostofthe90000tribalpeoplewhowillbeaffectedbyGibeIIInotbeenconsultedaboutthe240metredammostareentirelyunawareofit.InadditiontotheconstructionofGibeIIISurvivalInternationalrecentlydiscoveredthatPhotosSurvivalInternational 47ISSUE6August2013kreolNaturevasttractsoffertilefarmlandintheOmoValleyarebeingleasedtoforeigncompaniestogrowandexportfoodaswellasbeingclearedforvaststate-runplantationstoproduceexportcropsnotablysugar-cane.EarlierthisyearSurvivalannouncedthatthreeindependentreportshavewarnedthatthedamandthelandgrabsriskimminentcatastropheintheLowerOmoValley.AreportpublishedbytheAfricaStudiesCentreatOxfordUniversitypredictstheEthiopiangovernmentsKurazSugarProjectalonewillcauseLakeTurkanatheworldslargestdesertlaketodropbyupto22meters.MuchofthelakesaquaticlifewillbedestroyedincludingfishstocksvitaltotheTurkanaandotherpeopleslivingbythelake.BodiKweguandMursitribespeoplearenowbeingforciblyevictedfortheKurazprojectandmovedintoresettlementareas.AreportpublishedbytheAfricaResourcesWorkingGroupconcludesthat200000tribalpeopleinEthiopiaand300000inKenyawillsufferirreversibleimpactsfromthedamandplantations.ItwarnsthatbecausethedamwillcausetheeliminationoftheOmoRiversnaturalfloodtheriversflowwillbereducedby60-70andthelivelihoodsofthetribeswholivealongitsbanksandinitsplainswillbedevastated.Itpredictsmajorinter-ethnicconflict.AfurtherreportpublishedbyInternationalRiverswarnsthatthehydrologicalchangesfromthedamandassociatedirrigationfortheplantationswhichwillusefertilizersmayleadtodeadzonesintheOmoRiver.ThegovernmentseestheOmoValleytribesasbackwardandwantstomodernisethemsaidStephenCorryDirectorofSurvivalInternational.Buttheconsequencesofthesedevelopmentsarelikelytobefarfrombeneficial.IfthegovernmentdamsthelowerOmoValleyandcontinuestoselltriballandstooutsiderstheregionspeoplesmaynotevensurvive.TheworldneedstobeawareofEthiopiasdecisiontoviolentlystripLowerOmoValleytribesoftheirself-sustainingwayoflifehecontinuedThesepeopleshaveusedtheirlandtocultivatecropsandgrazecattletofeedtheirfamiliesforgenerations.Thisbasicrighthasnowbeentakenfromtheminabrutalmannerleavingthemhungryandafraid.ThereisnosinginganddancingalongtheOmoRivernowsaidaMursimanThepeoplearetoohungry.Thekidsarequiet.IftheOmofloodsaregonewewilldie.Allbuttwotribescombineagriculturewithpastoralismandnonecouldsurvivewithoutood-retreatorrecessionagriculturePhotosSurvivalInternational ISSUE6August201348HeldaMariewonfirstprizefortheAntoineAbelPrize2008-2010themostprestigiousliteraryawardinSeychelleswithherpoetrycollectionAlltheCriesinMyMindTouSaBannLeokridanMonLespri.HeldaspoemsusuallyexpressdeepsentimentsinevocativelanguageandherwideKreolvocabularyhelpsthereaderbecomeemotionallyinvolvedinwhatshewrites.ApolicewomanbyprofessionHeldaisaprolificpoetwhohasbeenwritingpoetryformanyyears.MarieClarissehasonlypublishedherpoemsinnewspapersandmagazinestodatealthoughshehasalreadywontwopoetryprizesforherwork.ThisisnotunusualinSeychellesbecausetherearelimitedpublishingopportunitiesforpoets.In2009herbookofchildrenspoemsLetmeAdmiretheColourofyourSmilewonthepoetryprizeinTheRodolphineYoungAwardforChildrensLiterature.Theselyricalpoemsre-createtheexperienceofchildhoodinSeychellesafewdecadesagointhe70s.HernextcollectionofpoemsentitledTheValueofWhoWeArewonsecondplaceintheAntoineAbelPrizeforpoetryin2008-2010andisyettobepublished.HerpoemscanbebothlucidaswellasobscurePoetsinParadiseTheModernDaySEYCHELLOISPOETSHeldaMarieMarieClarisseSeychellesanislandknownforitsnaturalenvironmentandexemplarygreenconservationstanceisalsohometoasmallgroupofpoetswhowritemoreaboutlifeandthelivingenvironmentthannature.PeterPierre-LouishimselfapoetprovidesaninsighttothemoderndaySeychelloispoets.ContemporarySeychelloispoetryisevolvingslowlybutprogressinginapositivedirectionasnewpoetsemergeandexpandthehorizonsofpoetryintheSeychelloisKreolLanguage.In2005theNationalArtsCouncilcreatedthePoetryWorkshopinordertohelppoetsacquiresomeexperienceofcontemporarydevelopmentsinpoetrywhichhasmademanypoetsmoveawayfromclassicEnglishpoetryandexploreissuesthataremorerelevanttotheirlivesandtimes. 49ISSUE6August2013kreolCulturedependingontheissuesbeingaddressedwhichoftenrelatetotheconcernsofwomenincontemporarySeychelles.MariespoemsgainstrengthfromarichandextensiveKreolvocabularyandpowerofexpressionacquiredfromanauthenticandcloseencounterwithSeychelloisKreolfromearlyadolescencewhilegrowingupbeforetheintroductionofourSeychelloisKreolorthographyandthestandardizationofourlanguageintothemodernKreolwenowspeak.SheisasongwriterandrecordingartistwithanalbumentitledCyclonetohername.MarieisthecurrentchairpersonofLardwazWritingTablettheAssociationofSeychelloisPoets.OneDayThisCloudwillFadeAwayisanapttitleforStephanieJoubertsunusualbookofpoemsaddressingtheissueofchildabusefromtheperspectiveofthechild.AcounsellorbyprofessionStephaniehassourcedherownencounterswiththeproblemsofyoungadultstocreateahighlycommendablebookwhichshedslightonanissuethatmostpoetswouldconsiderunpoetic.Yetherstarkpoemswritteninverysharpclearimagescontinuetolingerlongafterwardsinthemindofthereader.ThischaracteristicofStephaniewhosepoemsareveryrestrainedandminimalistinstylecontrastswiththatofhermorecolourfulfellowpoetsofthecurrentgeneration.Stephanieiswell-knownforrecitingherpoemsinmanyartseventsbothinSeychellesandintheregion.herinvolvementinLardwazandthepostofassistanteditorofanewpoetrymagazineentitledPazParPazaimstodisseminateSeychelloispoetryinKreolEnglishandFrenchtoawideraudience.GeorgetteLarueisoneofthemostprolificpoetsinthisgroupofcontemporarySeychelloispoets.Herpoemsareoftenopaqueeveniftheydealwiththemesoffamilyyouthpeopleandsocialrelationshipsobservedwithasharpeyeandasomewhatreflectiveandanalyticalturnofmind.HerbookSweetAngerrelatestotheideathatpeopleareoftenunabletounderstandwhatitisthatmakesthemwhotheyareandthepoetbelievessheisabletopointthistothemthroughthemediumofherpoems.ColbertNourricewhoisavisualartistaswellasapoethasbeeninterestedinpoetryfromhisearlyyears.HejoinedthepoetryworkshopattheNationalArtsCounciltobecomeoneofthemostimportantpoetsinthenewgenerationofSeychelloispoets.Hispoemsareissue-basedandheoftenwritesaboutsocialandhistoricalproblemsfromtheperspectiveofsomeonewhohasexperiencedproblemswhichhaveaffectedhimdeeply.ColbertteachesartattheInternationalSchoolandisalsoakeensaxophonist.HisyetunpublishedvolumeofpoemsFootprintsisanexaminationofslaveryinthehistoryofSeychellesandisalsothefirstworkthatisdirectlyconcernedwithanimportantpartofthecountryspastinthesamewaythatOneDayThisCloudwillFadeAwaybyStephanieJoubertaddressesthecurrentissueofchildabuse.Boththesepoetsareactuallymakingpoetryaninstrumentofsocialchangeandarealsoverypositiveinthewaytheywriteaboutnegativeswithoutincitinganysimilarresponsefromthereader.Theirpoemsmakethereaderreflectandactinawaytodefendratherthancontradictthefactswhichisthewaytolookatissue-basedpoetrythatisnowemerginginSeychelles.JudeAllyanotherpoetfromthepoetryworkshopisasomewhatfierypoetinspiteofhisquietdemeanor.Hispoemsreferenceissuesfromanobliqueangleandheoftenseespeopleunlikethewaytheyperceivethemselves.HisbookentitledDeadFishasyetunpublishedisachallengingreadbecausehispoemsareverydifferentfromthatofhisfellowpoets.JudeisavisualartistartteacherandarecordingartistwhohasalreadylaunchedhisfirstCDalbumentitledTraffic.PeterPierre-LouishasrecentlypublishedapoetrycollectionJourneywithoutaSuitcaseandalsoinseveralmagazinesandnewspapersandistheeditorofanewpoetrymagazineentitledPazParPaz.GeorgetteLarueColbertNourriceJudeAllyStephanieJoubert ISSUE6August201350EDENISLANDSEYCHELLES 51ISSUE6August2013kreolLifestylekreolLifestyle ISSUE6August201352SeychellesisdistinctlyCreoleandanewislanddevelopmentthatliesontheeastcoastofthecountrysmainislandMahhasbeeninspiredbytheevocativeFrenchCreolearchitecture.EdenIslandtheluxurymarinadevelopmentwhoseconceptepitomisesthisveryCreolevernaculardesignfoundinSeychellesisanattempttoreplicatenotcopyandhassucceededremarkably.AllhomesonEdenIslandarebuiltinperfectharmonywiththeprinciplesofprivacypracticalityandspaciousnessalldesignedwithfinesseandluxuryyetalwaysretainingandcomplementingthedistinctiveSeychelloisculturalinfluences.This56hectaresman-madeluxurymarinaandislanddevelopmenthasover40hectaresofprimeresidentiallandand16hectaresofprivatewaterways.Anexclusiveprivateislandlifestylethatappealstothesophisticatedbuyerlookingforexcellentinvestmentvalue.EdenIslandhasthreeproductofferingsavailable.SpaciousApartmentswhichofferanexquisitepanoramaofthemainislandMahandsurroundingislandsdeluxeMaisonsthattaketheformofprivateduplexessituatedonwater-frontplotsandtopoftherangeVillaswhicharetheepitomeofopulenceandsophisticationallwaterfrontspillingoverintotheinvitingoceanjustafewstepsaway.Withpricesstartingat425000foranapartment875000foraMaisonand26mforavilla-theenticinglifestyleofferedbyEdenIslandmakesthisaverysoundinvestment.Thedevelopershavemadeitaprioritytoreplicatethelocalnaturalenvironment.IntakingalookattheislandssceneryonecancertainlyagreethatEdenIslandisaninspiringproductofSeychelles.Fromtheindigenousplantsandtreesbearingtropicalfruitsuchasbananaandpapayatotheabundantbirdlifeandtothebreath-takingbeautyofitsbeachesand 53ISSUE6August2013kreolLifestylesurroundingwatersbrimmingwithvibrantfishandcoralEdenIslandisagrandspectaclethathasnowbecomehometoover30nationalitiesfromaroundtheworld.AstampofapprovalfromfellowCreolestrongcountriesisevidencedbythefactthatsome6ofpurchaserssofararefromSeychellesandMauritius.ItsnotdifficulttoseewhyEdenIslandhasattractedworldwideattention.TheSeychellesenviableclimateisalwayswarmwithoutextremesandwithmildtropicalweatherallyearroundahomeonEdenIslandwouldaffordyoutheluxurytotravelanytimeofyearwithdailyflightstoSeychellesfromanumberofleadingairlinesincludingitsnationalcarrierAirSeychelles.Over430ofthe580unitshavebeensoldtodateandtherecentlylaunchedandnewlydesignedwaterfrontvillasarealreadysellingfast.ThesehomesareanentertainersdreamandcomewithdesignerstandardsfromtopoftherangefinishestolavishlivingareaswithallthecreaturecomfortsincludingMieleappliancesintwokitchensandbarbequefacilities.Notonlydothesevillaunitshaveaverandathatopensoutontoawell-appointedpoolbutanoutdoorjettyleadingontoaprivateboatmooringawaitsyou.Villasalsocomewithair-conditioningthroughoutmooringswithwaterandelectricalpointsandanelectronicallypoweredbuggytogetaroundtheisland.EdenIslandoffershomeownersexclusivefacilitiesincludingtheuseofthefitnesscentredelicatessenclubhousekidsplayareaanopenparktwocommunalpoolsandatenniscourt.SunsetwalksononeofthefourprivatebeachesareaneverydayeventplusthereisanarrayofrestaurantsandboutiquesintherecentlyopenedEdenPlazatokeepyouentertained.NotonlydoesEdenIslandofferafantasticlifestyleopportunitybutalsopresentsasoundinvestment ISSUE6August201354option.TheEdenIslandRentalManagementCompanyhasbeenestablishedforownerswhoareseekinginvestmentreturnsontheirunit.Shortandlongtermrentaloptionsareavailablewithafullymanagedsysteminplace.HomeownersarealreadyexperiencingexcellentresultsandwiththeshorttermrentaloptionownersarestillabletoholidayonEdenIslandinthecomfortoftheirunitaccordingtotheirspecificschedules.ItbecomesincreasinglyclearthatasthisislandbeginstotakeshapeitbecomesextremelydifficultnottosuccumbtowondrousscenesofsunsetcocktailsonthewhitesandybeachesofEdenIslandandofSeychelles.AnunforgettabledestinationinonetheworldsmostbeautifulislandsettingsatrueCreoleinspirationFindoutmoreForcontactdetailsofthevarioussalesagentsaroundtheworldpleasevisitwww.edenisland.scorifyouareinterestedinmakingEdenIslandSeychellesyournextholidaydestinationpleasecontactreservationsedenisland.sc 55ISSUE6August2013kreolLifestyle 57ISSUE6August2013kreolSocial57WarningSignsTHATYOURPARTNERISSEEINGSOMEONEELSE11 ISSUE6August201358581.ItisbecomingincreasinglydifficulttogetstraightanswersWhensomeoneischeatingontheirpartneritcanquicklybecomedifficultforthemtokeeptrackofalltheliesandhalf-truths.Ifyoufindthatyourotherhalfisevasiveanddefensivewhenyouasksimpleorfairquestionsaboutwheretheyhavebeenwhattheyplantodotodayorwhethertheyhadagoodnightoutthisisawarningsignthattheymaybeseeingsomeoneelse.Sloworawkwardresponsesmayindicatescramblingtomakeupasuitablestorywhileirritableresponsesmayindicatefeelingsofguilt.2.YourpartneristreatingyouasthoughyouarealwaysinthewrongPeoplewhocheatareseldomremorselessandcanbehighlyconfusedabouttheirownmotivations.Asaresulttheguiltandotherconflictingemotionscansometimesleadthemtomakedesperateattemptstojustifythefacttheyarebetrayingsomeonewhotruststhem.Itisparticularlycommonforcheatingpartnerstoconvincethemselvesthattheirdriveorneedtocheatwascausedbyseriousflawsintheirprimarypartnerandthisbeliefcanmanifestitselfincriticizingnaggingandstartingargumentsathome.3.WorksuddenlyseemstobetakingupadisproportionateamountofyourpartnerstimeFirstlyitisimportanttorememberthattherewilloftenbeperfectlyinnocentreasonsforspendingmoretimeatwork.Perhapsadeadlineisapproachingoryourpartnerhasbeenaskedtotakeonextraworkbecausesomeoneelseisill.Howeverifyourpartnerhasbeenspendinglongerhoursatworkorgoingintoworkatparticularlyunusualtimesforalongwhileandhasnotexplainedthistoyoursatisfactionthereisreasontosuspectthattheymaybeseeingsomeoneelse.Theycouldbespendingtimewitharomanticinteresttheymetattheworkplaceoryourpartnercouldsimplybeclaimingtobeatworkwhentheyareactuallyvisitingtheirlovershome.4.YounoticeothernewhabitsthatarehardtoexplainIfyourpartnersmovementshaverecentlybecomesomewhaterraticorbafflingandyouarefindingithardtoexplainthesechangesthissuggeststhatsomethingsignificantisbeinghiddenfromyou.Whileitmaynotbethecasethatyourpartnerisseeingsomeoneelseyouareentitledtoexpecttobetoldthefullstorybehindsuchactionsandarewithinyourrightstobebothconcernedandupsetifyouarenotsatisfiedbyyourpartnersstory.Cheatingpartnersoftenleavethehouseforaneventmuchearlierthanisrequiredstayoutlaterthantheyclaimedtheywouldandgoonvaguelydescribederrandsthattakeatleastanhour.5.YouarenotallowedtotouchyourpartnerspersonalitemsWhensomeoneistryingtokeeptrackoftworelationshipsandoneisclandestinetheeasiestandleastnoticeablewaytoschedulesecretmeetingsandstayintouchistouseemailortextmessaging.Ifyouhaveanhonestandopendynamicwithyourpartneritshouldbeacceptabletoasktousetheirphoneorcomputerifyouneedto.Ifyourpartnerappearstopanicorbecomesoutwardlyhostilewhenyouwanttouseoneoftheirpersonaldevicesthisisawarningsignthattheyfeelguiltyaboutsomethingthatyoucouldseeonthatdevice.Youshouldbeespeciallyconcernedifyourpartnerusedtobemoreflexibleandgraciousaboutsharingproperty.6.ThereareunexplainedandnegativechangesinyoursexlifeItisperfectlynormalandhealthyforcouplestobelessinterestedinhavingsexatcertaintimes.Howeveryoumaystarttowonderwhethersomeoneelseisinthepictureifyourpartneristheoneavoidingsexandifyoucannotunderstandwhy.Itmaybethecasethattheyareembarrassedaboutamedicalproblem.Howeverifthereisnoevidenceofthisthenyoushouldbesuspiciousofanyattemptstoofferlameorinsincereexcusesthatareofferedasreasonswhyyoushouldnotsleeptogether.Youshouldalsobeconcernedifyourpartnerseemsdistractedboredordispassionatewhenyouhavesex.Accuratelydetectinginfidelityismoredifficultthanyoumightfirstsuppose.Ontheonehandifyoutrustyourpartnerimplicitlythenyoumaybeblindtothesignsthatyouarebeingcheatedon.Ontheotherhandtrustisanessentialingredientofahealthyrelationshipandifyouaccuseyourpartnerofcheatingwhentheyarenotdoingsothenyoumayinadvertentlyendtherelationshipbymakingsuchanoffensiveclaim.Readontodiscovertheelevenmostcommonsignsthatyourpartnerreallyisseeingsomeoneelseandfindouthowtodiscussthesubjectofcheatingifyoufindyourselfgravelyconcernedaboutyourpartnersabilitytostayfaithful. 59ISSUE6August2013kreolSocial597.YourpartnerseemstowanttoavoidyourfamilyandclosefriendsIfyourpartnerisseeingsomeoneelsetheymaybefeelinganenormousamountofguiltanddiscomfortaboutthis.Asaresulttheymighttrytoavoidpeoplewhoareclosetoyouastheywillserveasareminderthatotherpeoplestillbelieveyouareinanadmirableandcommittedrelationship.Evenifacheatingpartnerdoesnotfeelguiltytheymaywellfeelfrightenedandunnervedatfamilyeventsordinnerswithfriendswhentheyrememberjusthowmanypeoplewouldwanttodefendyouiftheaffairwasdiscovered.8.YounoticethatyourpartnerseemstobenewlypreoccupiedbyconcernsaboutappearanceSelf-confidenceproblemsmaycauseyourpartnertodisplayanewinterestintheirlooksbutiftheyseementirelyunconcernedbywhatyouthinkoftheirappearancethenthisisawarningsignthatthereissomeoneelsethattheywanttoimpress.Takenoteifyourpartnerisconstantlybuyingnewclotheswithoutanyinterestinwhetheryoufindthemattractiveoriftheyarespendingalongtimetryingtogetreadyformundanetripsthatdoesnotrequirelookingparticularlysharp.9.YoudiscoveradifferentformofbirthcontrolIfyoudonotusebirthcontrolbecauseyouaretryingtohavechildrenorbecauseoneofyouisinfertilefindingbirthcontrolisanobviouswarningsignthatyourpartnerisseeingsomeoneelse.Youshouldalsobeconcernedifyoufindcondomsatatimewhenhormonalbirthcontrolisyourregularformofcontraception.10.YouarefeelingignoredorunappreciatedManyproblemsinarelationshipcanleadtoonepartyfeelingasthoughitisdifficulttogetattentionbutcheatingiscertainlyoneofthoseproblems.Ifyourpartnerisseeingsomeoneelsetheyareprobablydoingsoinpartbecauseofintensefeelingsofinfatuationandthesecanleadapersontoignoreeverythingelse.Ifyourpartnersimplydoesnotnoticewhenyouputonanattractivenewoutfitortrytomakeyourhomelookniceitisimportanttoaskthemtobehonestaboutwhatiscausingthedistraction.11.YounoticeanewinterestinhygieneFinallyifyourpartnerisseeingsomeoneelsethenyoumaybeawareofthefactthattheyhavechangedtheirshoweringschedule.Forexampletheymayheadstraightfortheshowerafterarrivinghomefromgoingtothestore.Yourpartnermightbeconsciouslynervousthatyouwillsmellanotherpersonsscentormayunconsciouslyfeelthatshoweringisacatharticwaytowashawayguilt.Ifyouwanttotalktoyourpartneraboutwhethertheyareseeingsomeoneelsethefirstthingyoushoulddoismakeasincereandsubtleefforttofindoutwhethertheconcerningbehaviourscouldbeexplainedbysomethingotherthaninfidelity.Ifyouarenotconvincedbywhatyoulearnsitdownwithyourpartnerandexplainthatyouwanttodiscussaveryimportantandsensitivetopic.Prefacewhatyousaybyadmittingthatyouknowyoumaybewrongandthenpresentyourevidencethattheyareseeingsomeoneelse.Ifyourpartneradmitstoseeingsomeoneelsebutpromisestostopandwantstocontinuetherelationshipwithyouthismeansyouwillhavetomakeaverydifficultchoice.Atthisjuncturemanypeoplefindthatseeingarelationshipcounsellorcanhelpthemtoworkthroughtheiremotionsandfigureoutthebestcourseofaction. ISSUE6August201360WELCOMEtoSeychellesYachtCharterAplaceofscenicwonderintimacyandaweSeychellesYachtCharteroffersluxuryyachtchartersintheSeychelles.Thisformstheultimatevacationifyoulovethetranquillityoftheoceanitscaptivatingsunsetviewsandsereneambience. 61ISSUE6August2013kreolLifestyleSeychellesYachtCharter ISSUE6August201362SetintheIndianOceanthesegroupofislandsofferahavenforallnatureloverswaitingtobediscovered.AtotalofonehundredandfifteenislandsgraniticandcorallineislandsboasttheoneandonlytrueValleedeMaigarden.HometotheuniquecocodemerthisreferredbymostastheoriginalgardenofAdamandEvetheworldsbestbeachesbeckon.HometoAldabraworldheritagesitetheSeychellesishosttomanysecrets.atropicalparadisehometorareplantsonlyfoundhereAnidealsettingclosetonoother.SeychellesYachtCharteroffersyouthechancetocomeanddiscoveritall.OnboardNkalindauourteamofprofessionalsawaittoguideyouthroughparadisewiththepromiseofwonderfulunforgettablememories.Imagineendlessunspoiltbeachesturquoisewatersasnorkellingdivingparadiselikenootherfishingforthefreshcatchamazingsunrisesandsunsetsuniqueislandswithafaunaandfloralikenoother.Thelistisendlesstomakethisthemostrelaxedandenjoyableholidayyouhaveeverexperienced.Weofferpureluxuryonourfivestarcatamaran.Savourthecreativeandinventivecuisineofachefwhometiculouslyprepareshermealswithdetail.Astrongemphasisontastearomaandpresentationwiththebestproductswillhaveyouembarkingonaculinaryjourneyyouwillneverforget.Signaturecocktailsspeciallypreparedforyouatsunset.Apersonalisedserviceonboardensuresthatalltheclientsdesiresarecateredto.ForyournextoceanholidaySeychellesawaitsIslandsofinfinitebeautyandwonderTheSeychellesasitisknownistrulytheoriginalgardenofEden.PhotoMementoMediaSeychellesPhotoMementoMediaSeychelles 63ISSUE6August2013kreolLifestyleBookingsandenquiriesPleaseQuoteKreolEmailsalessyc.scofficesyc.scTel278361163672482594987 ISSUE6August201364CANEYECOSMETICSdamageYOUReyesAbouttheAuthorProfessorNizarK.HirjihasaportfolioofengagementsasaConsultantOptometristaContactLensPractitioneraClinicalScientist.Hehasbeeninvolvedinthousandsofoptometricpatientconsultationsoverthepast30yearsinamixofpart-timefull-timeindependentcorporateandacademicsettingsintheUK.Eyecosmeticssuchasmascaraeyeshadoweyelinerandeyemake-upremoverareusedextensivelyworld-widetohighlighteyes.Forcenturieswomenandsomemenhaveworneyemakeuptoaccentuatetheireyesandeyelidstomakethemselveslookmoreattractive.RegardlessofwhatIsayabouteyecosmetics-positiveorotherwiseIhavetoconfessattheoutsetthatIdonotactuallywearanyeyecosmeticsnorhaveIeverwornany.Iamregardedasabitofanacademicandaclinicalscientistatthat.Havingsaidthatmycommentsarebasedonmyexperienceandknowledgeasaneyecarepractitionerhavingexaminedthousandsofpatientswhouseeyecosmetics.Eyecosmeticsarenormallyappliedexternaltothesurfaceoftheeyelidsandonthelidmargins.Alltypesofcoloursanddyeshavebeenusedandinthepastpigmentswereappliedtotheexternaleyethatcontainedconcentrationsofcompoundsregardedasdangerouswhenabsorbedintothebodye.g.saltsofantimonyorleadfoundinKohlalsoknownasal-kahlkajalorsurmawhicharetobeavoided.Nowadayshowevermostreputablecosmeticscontainmuchsaferandmuchimprovedchemicalsandpigments.Thesechemicalsincludepreservativesandamyriadofothersomecommonandsomenotsocommoncompounds.SowhatexactlyistheproblemBecauseeyecosmeticsareforeignsubstancestothebodyandappliedinintimatecontactwiththeeyelidsandthesurroundingtissuetheycanallcontributetoanyoneormoreofthefollowingeyeproblemsincludingmilddiscomfortstingingitchingorburningwithoutvisibleskinlesionseyelidbrowdermatitisfrankrednessoftheskinswellinganditchingYestheycan 65ISSUE6August2013kreolHealthBeautytearfilminstabilityvariablevisionandsensationofdrynessinflammationsensationsofpainandheatappearanceofrednessandswellinginflammationofthelidmarginblepharitisAccumulationofmascaraandeye-lineronthelidmargincancauseblockingoftheglandsmeibomianalongthelidmarginthatsecreteessentialsebumoilsandhelpstabilisethetear-film.Thiscanalsoresultinitspigmentationandlesscommonlypigmentationofthesurfaceofthewhiteoftheeyeandtheinnersurfaceofboththeupperandlowereyelids.Thisisparticularlysowhencosmeticmaterialgoesontothelidmarginscontaminatingthetearsandsubsequentlythesurfaceoftheeyeball.Allergicandtoxicreactionsareknownadverseeffectsofallcosmeticsmaterialsandtheuseofcosmeticswithfragrancesprobablythemostcommoncauseofallergyisbestavoided.Howeverpreservativesarenormallyincludedtostopmicrobesbacteriavirusesandfungifromspoilingmake-upproductsandtostopthesemicrobesfromcausingpotentialeyeproblems.Additionallymanytypesofeyemakeupsuchasmascaraandeye-linerareappliedwithanapplicatorthatisdippedandre-dippedintoacontainerfromoneapplicationtothenext.Becauseofthisrepeateddippingthereisamuchhigherriskofmicrobialcontaminationoftheseproducts.Unfortunatelypreservativesthemselvescanalsobetheculpritandmaycauseeyeproblemsandcanbegintobreakdownwhenexposedtoairandintimeasthemicrobialloadincreasesbecomelesseffective.Thereareindeedcosmeticsthatcontainmilderpreservativesorclaimtobepreservativeandfragrancefreethatmaybettersuitthosepredisposedtoallergiesorthosewhohavesensitiveskins.Neverthelesstheremaywellbetrade-offsintermsofcostsavailabilityrangeofproductslongevityoftheproductsonceopenedstorageandtheuseofsuchproducts.SowhatcanyoudoaboutitJustlikeanymaterialbroughtintocontactwiththebodythewayitisbroughtintocontactwiththeeyeandthesurroundingtissueisimportant.Yourhandsandanymake-upapplicatorsifnotcleanwillcarrylargeamountsofmicrobesincreasingthepotentialofinfections.AsaneyecarepractitionerIhaveseenmanypatientswhohaveattendedmyclinicswithpainfulscratchedcorneastheclearandverysensitivefrontsurfaceoftheeye.TheseweremoreoftenthannotacquiredinadvertentlywhenapplyingmascarainamovingcarevenwhilstdrivingorpublictransportorwhentryingtoseparateeyelasheswithpaperclipsortoothpicksOnoccasionstheyhaveneededmedicationtoavoidpotentiallyseriousinfectionsandtoaidcomfort.Allpatientsaftersuchepisodesareadvisedtostoptheuseofcosmeticstemporarilyandmanyrequiresomedegreeoffollow-updependingonseverityofsignsandsymptoms.HowcanyoubemoresavvywhenitcomestoeyecosmeticsThereareafewsimplerulesthatwillhelpyoumakesurethatyoureduceyourchancesofgettingintodifficultyfromyoureyecosmetics.TheyareWashyourhandsbeforeapplyinganycosmeticsandusedisposableapplicatorswheneverpossible.Rememberyoucaneasilytransfermicrobesfromyourhandandfrommultiuseapplicatorstotheeyes.Forsimilarreasonsalwaystightlyclosethecapsandcoversoftheproductsyouusetoensureminimalexposuretoairbornemicrobes.Chooseyourmake-upproductscarefully.Checktheingredientsandavoidanythatyouknowyouarepredisposedtobeingallergicorsensitiveto.Themoreingredientsthatyoudontrecognisethemorecautiousyoushouldbeabouttheproduct.CheckontheCosmeticsDatabaseathttpwww.cosmeticsdatabase.comformoreinformation.Ifyouhavesensitiveskinthenyoushouldconsiderusinghypo-allergenicfragrancefreeorforsensitiveskinmakeup.Rememberpreservativefreeproductswillnormallyrequirerefrigerationforstorage.Howevereventheseproductsdontnecessarilymeanthatyouwonthaveareactionyoumayneedtotestdifferentbrandsorevendiscussyourreactionswithaneyecarepractitioner.bulbarconjunctiva-aclearmucous-wetmembranethatcoversthesclera-whitepartoftheeye-andalsolinestheinsideoftheeyelids.palpebralandtarsalconjunctiva. ISSUE6August201366Donotapplyyourmake-upwhilstmoving.Thisincludestravellingasadriverorapassengerorwhilstinanymotion.Onlyapplyyourmake-upwhenyouarestillandinacleanenvironment.Storeyourcosmeticsproperly.Generallythiswouldbeinacooldarkplaceavoidingdirectsunlightexcessiveheatorevencoldexceptrefrigerationasrecommendedbytheproductmanufacturer.Extremeenvironmentswilltendtoacceleratethebreakdownoftheingredientsintheproductsandencouragemicrobialgrowth.Checktheexpirydateandthepackaging.Notallcountriesrequireitandnotallproductsarethereforemarkedwithanexpirydate.InEuropeanumberfollowedbyanMandanopenjarsymboltellsyouwhentothrowaproductawayafteropening.TheletterMstandsforthemonthandthenumberreferstohowmanymonthstokeeptheproductforafteropeningit.So12Mwithanopenjarsymbolmeansyoushouldthrowtheproductout12monthsafteryouveopenedit.Unlessotherwisemarkedallcosmeticproductsparticularlythosewithoutexpirydatemarkingsshouldbediscardedafter6monthsofopeningorfirstusage.ReplacebrushesandspongeseverytwotothreemonthsandadditionallydiscardimmediatelyanycosmeticsproductIfitseemsdiscolouredrunnyorlumpyhasseparatedhasastrangeodourorfeelsdifferentontheskin.Donottryandextenditslifeinanyway.Ifthepackaginghasexpandedorhassignsofdeterioration.Itisdefinitelyawarningthatsomethingiswronginside.IfyoudontrememberthelasttimeyouuseditDontforgettodiscardallyoucosmeticsandstartafreshafteranyeyeinfectionsuchasconjunctivitis.Nevershareyourmake-upproducts.Thisisacompleteno-no.Everyindividualhastheirownskintypeandtheirownresidentskinmicrobes.Thesemaynotbesokindtoanotherpersonandmaywellresultinaninfectioninthatperson.Inanycasesharinganymake-upproductisasurewayofpassingoninfectionsthatpeoplethemselvesareunawareofbutareharbouringintheirmakeupproducts.Thisalsomeansthatwhenyougotoacosmeticscountertotryoutnewproductsyouneedtoensurethatonlyfreshordisposableapplicatorsareused.Remembernevertouseatesterproductthatdoesnothavesingle-useapplicatorsavailableforyouruse.Ifyouwearcontactlenses.Placeyourcontactlensesintotheeyesbeforeapplyingmakeupandremovethempriortoremovingmakeup.Alwayswashyourhandsbeforetouchingyourcontactlenses.WhataboutsomeofthemoreoutoftheordinaryapproachestoeyemakeupTheseincludetheuseofglue-onlashestintingandpermanenttattooingofthelidsandeyebrowsandtheuseofjewellerypiercedaroundthelidandbrowarea.Likeallforeignsubstancesappliedincontactwitheyelidsandsurroundingareasglue-onlasheslashandbrowcolouringdyespigmentinksusedforeyelinerandbrowtattooingandjewelleryallhavethepotentialofcausingallergicreactionsandinfections.LashgluehastheaddedpotentialwhenineptlyappliedofgluingtogethertheupperandlowerlidsPermanentmakeupproceduresaregenerallynotregulatedinmostcountries.Wheretheyarechooseapractitionerwhoislicencedandineverycaseonewhoisexperiencedintheartandscienceofthistypeoftattooingandwherepossibleworkinginaclinicalsettingwithorunderthesupervisionordirectionofamedicalprofessionalorapara-medicalprofessionale.g.aqualifiednurse.Thisproceduremaywellbeusefulforpeoplewithsignificanttremorsmobilityrestrictionsandphysicaldisabilitiesorforthosewhohavelosttheireyebrowsandeyelashesfollowingchemotherapy.TattoingismoreorlesspermanentandwhatisfashionabletodayyoumaylivetoregretlaterPiercingandtattooingthedelicatetissuesinandaroundtheeyescarriesthesamerisksofpotentialproblemsaspiercingandtattooinganyotherbodypartandtheyincludeapartfromallergiesandinfectionsformationofscartissuecontractionofbloodbornediseasese.g.HIVhepatitisBandhepatitisCcomplicationswhilstundergoingMagneticResonanceImagingMRIstudies.Thenthereismedicationtoenhancetheeyelashes...thismedicationisavailableonprescriptiononlycurrentlyintheUSAtomyknowledgeandisanophthalmicsolutionof0.03bimatoprost.Thisdropisnormallyusedforthetreatmentofglaucomaaneyediseaseandforpatientswhomayhaveraisedpressuresinsidetheireyes.Itwasduringthetreatmentoftheseeyeconditionsthatitwasnotedthatthisproductandothersimilarophthalmicdrugshadtheinterestingthesideeffectofthickeningdarkeningandlengtheningofeyelashesofpatientsusingtheeyedrop.AsaresultinDecember2008theuseof0.03ophthalmicsolutionmarketedasLatissebyAllerganwasapprovedbytheU.S.FoodandDrugAdministrationFDAforcosmeticpurposestolengthenthickenanddarkeneyelashestreatmentofhypotrichosisoftheeyelashes.Itisnormallyusedbyapplyingonedroponasteriledisposableapplicatortotheskinatthebaseofthelashesoftheupperlidnightly.Itisaprescriptiononlydrugandrequiresverycarefulselectionofpatientswhomaybesuitableforthistreatment.Needlesstosaythesepatientsrequireclosemonitoringforanyundesirablechangestotheireyes.Finallyifyouareindoubtaboutanyaspectofeyecosmeticsandtheiruseonyoureyesleavethemoffandconsultyoureyecarepractitionerregardingyourconcerns.Photowww.aop.org.uk InternationalPatient-DoctorLiaisonDrContactsprovidesvarioushealthcareservicesthatmakepatientsliveseasierfromprovidinginstantaccesstoleadingspecialistsintheUKtoarrangingVIPmedicalservicesorbookingmedicaltourismofers.SpecialistLocatorSecondMedicalOpinionVIPMedicalServicesArangeofservicestomeettheneedsofpatientsateverystageoflifewww.drcontact.co.ukadmindrcontact.co.uk ISSUE6August201368HOWTOLOOKFabulous.Naturally 69ISSUE6August2013kreolHealthBeauty ISSUE6August201370FaceyogaYoumayencounterundereyebagsdarkshadowsadullcomplexionandanunhealthypalloronadailybasis.Makeupcanhidetheseissuesbutgettingridofthemnaturallycanbeliberating.FaceyogahasbeenaroundformanyyearsandhasbeguntotaketheplaceofBotox.Theideaisthatyogaexercisesworkyourfacialmusclesandincreasebloodflowtoareasthatdonotusuallygetmuchofaworkout.Theresultofcarryingoutfaceyogacanbethatyourwrinklesbecomelessvisiblethantheywere.Inadditiontheareaaroundyoureyescanbecomeclearandyourcomplexioncanbeenhanced.OneeffectiveexerciseforgettingridofundereyebagsinvolvesmakinganOshapewithyourlipssothatyoufeelyourmusclesstretch.Atthesametimeyouwillneedtoraiseyoureyesasthoughyouarelookingattheceiling.Followthismovebywideningyoureyesandthenrelaxingthem.Repeattheexerciseatleastfivetimesseveraltimesaday.Youcanalsogetridofsmilelinesandforeheadwrinklesbyfollowingotherfacialexercises.ClearcomplexionIfyouhavepimplesyouhaveabetterchanceofhelpingthemhealbykeepingyourfacecleanthanyoudobycloggingyourporeswithmakeup.Allowingfreshairtocirculateandalittlesunshineontoyourskinwillhelp.Howeverifyouhaveacnethereisnoneedtosufferasyourdoctorshouldbeabletoprescribemedicationtohelpclearyourskin.Scarsleftfrompimpleswhichhavelonggonecanbeseenasaproblem.Somepeoplemayfeelthatcoveringblemisheswithcosmeticsistheonlyanswer.Howeveraveragepimplescarscanfadesignificantlywhennaturalproductsareused.PatchtestItissensibletocarryoutasimplepatchtestbeforeyouapplyanybeautytreatmentincaseyoureactbadlytoaningredient.Makethepastementionedbelowbutapplyjustasmallamounttoatinyareaofyourface.Leaveitonforafewmomentsbeforewashingitoff.Ifyouexperiencenoadversereactionsyoucanusethepastemoreliberallyinordertofadepimplescars.NaturalrecipefacialpasteapplicationAddoneteaspoonofbakingpowdertoatinyamountofwaterandmixitintoapaste.Followthisbyaddingafewdropsoflemonjuiceandonedropofteatreeoilbeforemixingtheingredients.Applythepastetoyourskintwiceadayusingyourfingertips.Gentlymassageitintoyourskinusingcircularmovementsandthenrinseitwithwarmwaterbeforesplashingyourfacewithcoldwater.Youwillfindthatthebakingpowderismildlyabrasivewhiletheteatreeoilisantibacterial.Inadditionthelemonjuicewillhelptolightenyourskin. 71ISSUE6August2013kreolHealthBeautyBio-OiltreatmentforscarsOnceyourscarshavevisiblyfadedwhichmighttakeaboutsixweeksstopusingthenaturalpasteandstartusingBio-Oil.Everymorningandeveningapplyasmallamountofoiltoyourfaceusingcircularmovements.TheBioOilwillreducetheappearanceofyourscarsfurtherandhelpreducewrinklesandmakeyourskinsuper-smoothandsoft.Howeverbepatientasthismethodtakesaboutthreemonthstocompletealthoughyoumightseeresultsaftersixweeks.BrighteyesIfyoureyessparklewithvitalityyouwillnaturallylookhealthyandattractive.ThebestwaytobrightenyoureyesistoeatfoodsthatcontainvitaminAvitaminCzincandvitaminE.Greenleafyvegetablessweetpotatoesbroccoliberriesnutsseedsandseafoodarethetypesoffoodsyouneedtoincludeinyourdiet.Youcanalsoincreasethebrightnessofyoureyesbymakingsurethatyousleepwell.HelpkeepyoureyebrowsinperfectshapebysmoothingalittleBio-Oilovertheminthedirectiontheynaturallygrow.Inadditionyoucanuseoilonyoureyelashes.Putasmallamountonyourfingertipsandgentlyrubitintoyourlashesandtheoilwillactasaconditioner.FinalnotenaturallyBytacklingvariousproblemsthatpeopleoftentrytodisguisewithmakeupyouwillgraduallydiscoverthatyourfaceradiatesbeautynaturally.Faceyogawillhelptightenyourskinreducewrinklesandincreasebloodflowtoyourfacewhilebakingpowderwillhaveamildabrasiveeffectthathelpstomakeyourskinclear.Bio-Oilwillreducepimplescarsandmakeyourskinsmooth.Inadditioneatingahealthydietwillmakeyoureyesbrightandsparkly.Soonyouwillwonderwhypeoplebotherwithmakeupwhentheycanlookfabulousnaturally. ISSUE6August201372CHILDRENSHEALTHDoesyourtodlerneedGLASSES 73ISSUE6August2013kreolHealthBeautyAsaparentitmaysurpriseyouwhenyourchildstartstoexhibitthecommonbehavioursassociatedwithpoorvision.Atrstyoumaynotevenrealizethereisaproblem.Childrenareveryadaptiveandiftheyarebornwitharefractiveerrorwillnotknowthedierencebetweenperfectvisionandtheirownuntiltheyseethroughappropriatecorrectivelensesforthersttime.Herearevebehavioursthatmayindicateyourchildneedstoseeapaediatricoptometrist.Yourchildmayleanabnormallyclosetoorfarawayfromactivitiessuchascolouringbooksandpuzzles.Eventhoughyourtoddlerisveryyoungandmaynotbeabletoarticulatewhatheseesyethisbrainalreadyknowsabouthisrefractiveerrorandcompensatesforitinstinctively.Whileitisnormalforsmallkidstostandtooclosetothetelevisionwatchhowherespondselsewhere.Ifheisalwaysleaninganinchfromthepageorholdingitatarmslengthyouwillwanttotakehimforavisionscreening.Youmaynoticesquintinginoneorbotheyes.Yourchildmayalsocloseoneeyefrequently.Onceagainthesebehavioursaretheproductofthebraincompensatingforpoorvision.Squintingcanhelpdrawobjectsintosharperfocus.Squintingorclosingonlyoneeyeusuallyindicateswhicheyeisweakerasthebrainwantstoignoretheinferioreyeandfocussolelyemployingthebettereye.Somekidsdosquintwhentheyareconcentratingonataskbutifyounoticeitfrequentlyitistimeforavisionevaluation.Thechildmaybeabnormallyclumsy.Whileacertainamountofclumsinessistobeexpectedfromchildrenofallageskidswithvisionissuesmayrunface-firstintowallstripoversmallobjectsorhavetroublewithhand-eyecoordination.Ifyourchildseemsclumsierthaneveryoneelseontheplaygroundorhasproblemswithsimpletasksitstimeforaneyeexam.Yourtoddlerseyesdonotalwaysfollowoneanother.Somepeoplearebornwiththeabilitytomaketheireyespointindifferentdirectionsorevenmakethemmoveindependently.Howeverthisisaskillnormallyhonedamongschool-agedkids.Smallchildrenseyesshouldalmostalwaysfollowoneanother.Theonlyexceptionisifthechildisconsciouslycrossingtheireyesinjest.Ifyounoticeoneeyeiswanderingrollingupwardornotquitemeetingyourgazeyoushouldhavehimorherevaluatedimmediately.Ifyouthinkyouarenoticingawanderingeyecheckcarefullywhileyourchildisverytiredandreadyforbed.Beingsleepycansometimesexaggeratethissymptom.Thechildshowsnointerestinactivitieshappeningontheothersideoftheroomorplayarea.Toddlerswithrefractiveerrorsintheirvisionwilloftenignoreaparentwhoenterstheroomuntiltheyheartheparentspeakormakenoise.Othersmayignoretoysthataremerestepsaway.Sometoddlerswillevenmakethemistakeofrunninguptoastrangerdressedinthesamecolourasmomordadconfusingthemfortheparent.Parentsshouldwatchthechildtoseeifheorshereactstopeopleandtoysontheoutskirtsoftheroomortheothersideofasmallplayground.Childrencanbesonear-sightedthatanythingfartherawaythanafewfeetisnothingbutablur.Parentscaneasilymisstheseoutwardsignsofpoorvisionintheirchildren.Bycheckingforthesecommonbehavioursparentscannoticewhenachildhasarefractiveerrorandmakeanappointmentwithapaediatricoptometristforanevaluation.Toddlerswithrefractiveerrorsintheirvisionwilloftenignoreaparentwhoenterstheroomuntiltheyheartheparentspeakormakenoise ISSUE6August201374 75ISSUE6August2013kreolFashionst2013ForgetDietsUSEBODYLANGUAGEandCLOTHINGStudiesshowthattheaveragewomanmightbeonadietforuptothirtyyearsonando.Inadditionduringthattimeshewillfeelunattractiveandfat.Inotherwordsshewillspenduptoaquarterofherlifeinastateofshameaboutthewayshelooks.Researchrevealsthatdietsdonotworklong-termbutadoptingahealthylifestyledoeswork.Eatinghealthyfoodsexercisingandgainingcondencebymakingthemostofyourappearancearethebestwaystogaincondenceandanattractivegure.Dressingandmovinginwaysthatpromoteyournaturalattractivenessisapositivestepforwards.Itistimetoforgetdietsandbeempoweredinsteadofashamed. ISSUE6August201376Freedomcomesfromself-acceptanceManywomenhavenoideawhatnotthinkingabouttheirappearanceonaregularbasisfeelslike.Fewhavegoneabouttheirdaysincetheywereachildwithouttheburdenofconstantlycheckingtheirappearanceorcomparingthemselvestootherwomen.Watchhowwomenadjusttheirclothingtohideareasoftheirbodytheyarenothappywithplacetheirhandbagsinfrontoftheirstomachorsighwhentheylookatmodelsinglossymagazinesandyouwillknowthattheyfeeluglyandunacceptable.Onceyoulearnhowtousebodylanguageandclothingtohelpyoulookslenderandattractiveyouwillgainthefreedomofbeingabletoacceptyourselfandevenlikeyourselfasyouare.Youwillbeabletogetdressedinthemorningsafeintheknowledgethatyoulookfabulous.Inadditionmovinginwaysthatpromoteattractivenesswillbecomesecondnaturetoyouafteralittlepracticehastakenplace.ShapeWhenpeopleseeyouthefirstthingthattheynoticeapartfromcolourisshape.Theydonotnoticewhetheryouhavearoundedstomachflabbyarmsorthickankles.Peopleseetheentiresumofyou.Inadditiontheynoticehowyouroutfitiscompiled.Theyseewhereitemsofclothingformlinesandtheirstructure.Peopleautomaticallyimaginethatyourbodyistheshapetheyseeinfrontofthemandtheshapetheyseeisduetoyourclothing.Observersvisionrestsonareaswherelinesarecreatedbyclothing.Thusifyouwearajacketthatendsatyourwaistpeoplewilllookatyourwaist.Ifyouwearaskirtthatendsatyouranklesthisiswherepeoplewillfocus.Thereforechoosetowearclothingthatcreateslinesofvisioninareaswhereyouwantpeopletolook.Forexampleifyouhaveatinywaistbutlargehipsyoumightwantpeopletofocusonyourmiddlesection.Toencouragethemtodosoyoumightwearafiftiesstyledressthatcinchesinatthewaistandkicksoutatthehipsendingthree-quartersofthewaydownyourlegs.Theresultwillbethatpeopleobserveyoursmallwaistareunabletoseethesizeofyourhipsandarevisuallydrawntoanarrowpartofyourlegs.Observetheshapeclothingformsbeforeyouwearit.Ifitcreatesabox-likeshapeonthehangerthenthisistheshapeitislikelytogiveyouwhenyouwearit.Likewisealongcardiganthatappearswillowyandsleekonahangerwillhelpmakeyouappeartallandthinwhenyouwearit.MaterialThematerialofyourclothesmakesamassivedifferencetoyourappearance.Thinflexiblematerialwilllookfeminineandclingtothenaturalshapeofyourbody.Thickmaterialmadeintoclothesthatfitwellwillskimyourbodywithoutrevealinglumpsandbumpsyouwouldprefertodisguise.Thinmaterialattractspeoplesattentiontotheareasofyourbodyittouches.Thereforeifyoudonotwantpeopletoobserveapartofyourbodyandpreferthemtodirecttheireyestoadifferentareauseclothingwisely.Forexampleifyoudonotwantpeopletofocusonyourchestyouwouldbewisenottowearathinteeshirt.Wearingablousemadefromasubstantialmaterialwouldbeagoodchoice.ColourClothingcolourinfluencesboththewearerandtheobserverbecauseitstimulatesemotions.Abrightcheerfulcolourcanmakepeoplefeelgoodaddinteresttoanoutfitandattractordistractobservers.Thereforeifyouworeaplainneutralcolouredsuitwithaboldcolouredscarfyourappearancewouldprobablybemoreattractivethanifyoudidnotlifttheoutfitwithasplashofcolour.Doingthiswouldalsomakepeoplelooktowardsyourscarfratherthanatyourfigure. 77ISSUE6August2013kreolFashionDarkcoloursaremoreslimmingthanlightcolours.Youcouldmakethisfactworkinyourfavourbywearinglightcoloursonareasofyourbodyyouwanttoemphasizeanddarkcoloursonthoseyouwanttolooksmall.Forexampleifyourshouldersarenarrowcomparedtoyourhipsyoumightdecidetowearablousewithapalecolourontheshoulderareaandcombineitwithdarkcolouredpants.AccessoriesAccessoriescanmakeyoulookandfeelfabulousnomatterwhatyouarewearing.Abeltcanbeusedtopullinthewaistlineofashapelessjacketordressandascarfcandivertpeoplesattentiontowhereyouwantit.Accessoriescanmakeanoutfitseemmorestreamlinedsophisticatedandcomplete.Alongnecklaceforexamplecanmakeyourbodylooklongerthanitis.BodylanguageMostwomencanlookasthoughtheyhavedroppedadresssizesimplybystandingstraightratherthanslouching.Practicewalkingstandingandsittingwithyourheadheldstraightandyourneckandbackstraight.Yourwaistwillimmediatelyappearlongerandyouwilllooktaller.Ifyouareposingforaphotographorjustwanttoachieveaslimsilhouettestandslightlysideontothedirectioninwhichyoupointyourhead.Inadditioninsteadofsittingbackinachairsitslightlyforwardstowardstheedgebutinacomfortableposition.Talkinananimatedfashionusingyourarmsandfacetogestureappropriatelysothatyoucomeacrossasbeingfreshandvitalratherthanslowanddepressed.Walkintoroomswithpositiveintentioninsteadofsneakinginquietlyandsitclosetothefrontduringlecturesandfunctionswhenyouarepartofanaudience.Inadditionsitinthemiddlepositionifpossiblewheninarestaurantcaforonanyotheroccasionwhenyouneedtobeseated.Notonlywillyoulookconfidentandattractivebutsurprisinglyyouwillalsofeelthisway.Youcaninfluencehowyoucomeacrosstoothersandhowyouperceiveyourselfbymovingandbehavinginaconfidentmanner.Learninghowtodressattractivelyusingtheshapematerialandcolourofclothingwillhelpyouassembleafabulouswardrobeofclothesthatsuityouperfectlyandmakeyoufeelwonderful.Getridofclothingthatdoesnothighlightyourbestfeaturesandyouwillstopmakingmistakesthatmakeyoufeelandlookdrabandunattractive.Inadditionmovelikeawomanwhoisbeautifulandyouwillautomaticallybecomebeautiful.Youwillvisuallysignalattractivenessandoozeconfidence.Youwillsoonrecognizethatdietsareunnecessaryandbeginenjoyingbeingtheattractivewomanthatyounaturallyare. ISSUE6July201378IDEASFORYOURNEXTHAIRSTYLEHairCorner 79ISSUE6July2013kreolFashion ISSUE6August2013801x1.5kg3lb5ozchickenpreferablyorganic1unwaxedlemoncutinhalf4sprigsrosemary3leekswashedandtrimmed2redpeppers1orangepepper1yellowpepper100g3ozpitteddry-packedblackolives4tbspoliveoilSeasaltakesandfreshlygroundblackpeppertoserveWhatyouwillneedITALIANROASTCHICKENwithpeppersandolivesNowGetCooking1.Preheattheovento200C400FGas6.Untrussthechickensititinaroastingtinandputthelemonhalvesandtwooftherosemarysprigsintothechickenscavity.2.Washandtrimtheleekscuteachintothreelogsthenslicelengthwaysandaddtothetin.Nowremovethecoreandseedsofthepeppersandslicethemintostripsfollowingtheirnaturalcurvesandridgesandaddthesetothetin.3.Tumbleintheolivesandnowpourtheoliveoilmostlyoverthevegetablesbutalittleoverthechickentoo.Addtheremainingrosemarysprigstothevegetablesalongwithsomeseasaltakesandfreshlygroundblackpeppertotaste.Usingacoupleofspoonsorspatulasgentlytossthevegetablesabouttohelpcoatthemwiththeoilandmakesureeverythingswellmixedup.4.Sprinklesomeseasaltakesoverthechickenandputitintheovenforabout1-1hoursbywhichtimethechickenshouldbecookedthroughanditsjuicesrunningclearwhenyoucutintotheeshwithasmallsharpknifeatthethickestpartofthethighjoint.Thevegetablesshouldbetenderbynowtooandsomeoftheleekswillbeascorchedlight-browninparts.5.Removethechickentoacarvingboardandwhileitrestsforabout10minutespopthepanofvegbackintheovenswitchingtheovenoffasyoudoso.6.Cutthechickenupchunkilytransferringthepiecestoalargewarmedplatter.Nowtakethepanbackoutoftheovenandwithaslottedspoonorspatularemovethevegetablestothelargeplatterandwhenallisarrangedtoyouraestheticdelightpouroveritallthebronzehighly-avouredjuicesthathavecollectedinthepan.oasCHICKENAroastchickenalwaysiscelebratory.Thevibrantlycolouredandintenselyavouredvegetablesthatareoencookedalongsideseemonlytounderlinethisoferingtheirownbrightnessandbriosunnyintasteaswellasmood.Tryoneofourtastyroastchickenrecipes.EnjoyPrep 81ISSUE6August2013kreolRecipesForthemarinade4tbsplemonjuice2tbsppeelednelychoppedrootginger2tbspnelychoppedorcrushedgarlic3hotgreenchilliesnelychopped1tspsalt1tspgroundcoriander1tspgarammasalaForthechicken1.75kg3lb14ozwholechickenskinremovedtspchillipowdertspfreshlygroundblackpepperFortheroastedmasalapotatoes6tbspoliveorsunoweroil5mediumpotatoespeeledhalvedlengthwaysandcutinto5x4cm2x1inchunkstspofsalttspfreshlygroundblackpepper1tspgroundcoriander1tspgroundcumintspturmeric1tspKashmirimildchillipowderWHOLEROASTEDMASALACHICKENwithpotatoesNowGetCookingThechicken1.Preheattheovento200C400FGas6.2.Placeallthemarinadeingredientsintoablenderandprocesstoapaste.3.Usingasharpknifemaketwodeepdiagonalcutsintoeachbreastofthechickengoingallthewaydowntothebone.Maketwoequallydeepslashesinthethighsandtwointhedrumsticksaswell.4.Placethechickenbreastsideuponaroastingtraylinedwithenoughfoiltocoverthebirdcompletely.5.Pourthemarinadepasteoverthechickenrubbingitwellintoallthecuts.Setasidefor30minutes.6.Sprinklethechillipowderandblackpepperoverthechickenevenly.Wrapupthechickeninthefoilsoitiscompletelycoveredwiththetightlyclosedseamatthetop.7.Bakeinthemiddleofthehotovenforonehour.8.Unwrapwithoutlettingthejuicesrunoutandcookuncoveredfor15minutesbastingtwoorthreetimeswiththejuices.9.Checkthechickeniscookedbyinsertingaskewerintothethickestpartofthethighbetweenthelegandthebody.Ifthejuicesrunclearwithnotraceofpinkitiscooked.Continuetocookforalittlelongerifneeded.Themasalapotatoes10.Preheattheovento180C350FGas4.11.Meanwhilefortheroastedmasalapotatoespourtheoilintoalargebowl.Addthepotatoesandsprinkleinthesaltandpepper.Ensurethepotatoesarewellcoatedthentransfertoabakingtrayinasinglelayer.12.Placeinthemiddleoftheovenandroastfor20mins.13.Spoonthecoriandercuminturmericandchillipowderontoaplateandmixwell.14.Removethepotatoesfromtheoven.Usingtongsrollthepotatoesinthespicemixmakingsureallsidesarecovered.15.Returnthemtotheovenforafurther20minutesoruntillightlybrownedandtenderallthewaythroughwhenpiercedwithaknife.16.Setthechickeninawarmplacetorestfor10-15minutesthencarveandservewiththeroastedmasalapotatoes.Prep30-60minutesCookingtime1-2hoursServes4Whatyouwillneed August2012ISSUE03INTERNATIONALMAGAZINEBEYONCKNOWLESCREOLEQUEENCreoleinTRINIDADNationPrideGUADELOUPETheExileofKINGPREMPEHISeychellesStateHouseCelebrating100YearsSUBSCRIPTIONFORMSendtoRilaPublicationsLtd73NewmanStreetLondonW1T3EJTel4402076343544Websitewwww.kreolmagazine.comSUBSCRIPTIONTERMSUKEUROPERESTOFTHEWORLD4issues25.0045.0095.00PAYMENTDETAILSIencloseachequemadepayabletoRilaPublicationsLtdIwishtopaybyCreditCardPleasedebitmyCardno.VisaMastercardValidfrom3digitsecuritycodeExpirydateYourDetailsDateSignatureNameCountryEmailAddressPostcodeINTERNATIONALMAGAZINEINTERNATIONALMAGAZINEMAY2013ISSUE5WHATTHEBUTLERDIDNEXT.......JOSEPHMARCELLALLTHATJAZZinSTLUCIACONDOLEEZZARICECreoleRootsFestivalInternationaldeLouisianeLapan-crolitLerledesgrandescapitalesConnectingCreoleCultures SOPHISTICATIONCLASSLUXURYOPULENCEGLAMOURSTYLESTYLISHCONTEMPORARYEXCLUSIVEINNOVATIVEURBANENERGYDIVERSITYELEGANTTRADITIONALCOMFORTPROFESSIONALCLASSICVALUEDISCREET27-33HarringtonGardensLondonSW74JXTel02072445555www.thebentley-hotel.comGreatMarlboroughStreetLondonW1F7JLTel02072975555www.courthouse-hotel.comTheWashingtonMayfairHotel5CurzonStreetLondonW1J5HETel02074997000www.washington-mayfair.co.ukTheBentleyLondonAHiltonHotelCourthouseDoubletreebyHilton PraslinMahStartyourforevertodaywhenyouytooneofourIslandsmostidyllicandcharminglocation-Praslin.SayIdotogettingtherefasterwithover20dailydepartures.Charterservicesarealsoavailableuponrequest.Formoreinformationandbookingscall2484391366orcontactyourtravelagent.YourgardenofEdenBetherein15minutes