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MAY-AUGUST2014ISSUE9INTERNATIONALMAGAZINELYNNWHITFIELDERNESTHILAIREFromCadettoHighCommissioner-ADreamFulflledAbdouDioufContributionsoGreatStatureAlainSt.AngeSeychellesMasterofPromotionPHILIPPELEGALLTogetherForeverinSeychellesCubbyCarrierBigTalentromtheBayouGracefulCreoleStarfromLouisianasBatonRougeIndianArtItsOriginsandDevelopmentTHIERRYHENRYOneoFrenchFootballsBest KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE9May-August20143kreolEditorialISSUE6August2013fromtheeditorEditor-in-ChiefGeorginaDhillonISSNPrint2050-2362ISSNOnline2050-2370AllmaterialpublishedremainsthecopyrightofRilaPublicationsLtd.Nopartofthismagazinemaybereproducedwithoutthepriorpermissionofthepublisher.RilaPublicationsLtd.cannotacceptresponsibilityforunsolicitedmanuscriptsandphotographs.WhileeverycareistakenRilaPublicationsLtd.takesnoresponsibilityforomissionsorerrors.Wereservetherighttopublishandediteveryletter.Allrightsreserved.CopyrightRilaPublicationsLtd.2014CorrespondenceGeorginaDhillonKreolMagazine73NewmanStreetLondonW1T3EJUKT4402076311299F4402075807166einfokreolmagazine.comwwww.kreolmagazine.comMAY-AUGUST2014ISSUE9INTERNATIONALMAGAZINELynnWhitfieLdERNESTHILAIREFromCadettoHighCommissioner-ADreamFulflledAbdouDioufContributionsoGreatStatureAlainSt.AngeSeychellesMasterofPromotionPHILIPPELEGALLTogetherForeverinSeychellesCubbyCarrierBigTalentromtheBayouGracefulCreoleStarfromLouisianasBatonRougeIndianArtItsOriginsandDevelopmentTHIERRYHENRYOneoFrenchFootballsBestCoverPhotoPNPWENNKreolMagazineKreolMagazineWilliamShakespeareoncesaidAprilhathputaspiritofyouthineverything.SonnetXCVIII.Bythetimeyoureadthisissuespringwillbeinfullswing.HereatKreolInternationalMagazinewedolovespringasitbringsavarietyofgreateventsacrossthecontinentsandbetterweatherinUK.OnthehorizonaretheFestivalInternationaldeLouisianeApril23-27StLuciaJazzFestivalApril30-May11andCarnivaldeVictoriainSeychellesApril25-27tomentionafew.IfcannotgettothemdontdespairKreolwillbethereandwillbringtothereadershipcomprehensivereviewsandupdatesinthenextissue.KreolsmissiontopromoteandshowcaseCreolesandtheirculturecontinuesapacewiththisissue.WecoverCreolecelebritiesasrolemodelspoliticiansmusicheritagesportenterpriseandevenIndianart.LynnWhiteldborninBatonRougeLouisianaisashiningexampleofthestyleandgracethatAfrican-Americanwomencanbringtothearts.Overthelastfewdecadesshehassustainedanimpressivecareerbothonstageandscreenp.6.Welookatherbackgroundandaccomplishmentsaswellasthedrivingfactorsthatgothertowheresheistodayanddenedheralongtheway.Theworldnowisdominatedbypoliticsandtherearemanystereotypesthatareoenappliedtopoliticians.Someofthemostcommonarethosethatdepictpoliticiansasdishonestorgreedyandastereotypicalpoliticianoenpursuespoliticalissuesnotbecausehecaresaboutthembutbecausedoingsobenetshiminsomeway.Inthisissuewefeatureseveralpoliticiansthatbreaksthosestereotypes.HisExcellencyDrErnestHilaireHighCommissionerofSaintLuciatotheUnitedKingdomdescribesafascinatingjourney-onethathaspreparedhimwellforthehonourableocep.12.AbdouDiouftheformerSenegalesePresidentcurrentlyservesastheSecretaryGeneralofLaFrancophonie.Dioufslifeandcareerhasbeeninspirationalonmanyfrontsandhissponsorshipofvariouscausesandprogramsisexemplaryp.18.AlainSt.AngeMinisterofTourismandCultureinSeychellesmightbeoneofthesmartestmarketersandpromotersthatthewiderworldhasneverheardof.ThisischangingnowashehastakenonanevenlargerroleasPresidentoftheVanillaIslandsacooperativemarketingorganisationbetweenseveralIndianislandnationsp.22.HisExcellencyPhilippeLeGallAmbassadorofSeychellesinChinawritenabookTogetherForeverinSeychellesThetwostoriesdrawfromSeychellesandtheCreolefabricofthesociety.IthasaChinesetranslationversionwhichalignswiththeincreasingcooperationbetweenthesecountriesp86.OurculturesectionisnottobemissedreadaboutbeautifulTrinidadandTobagop.34missionandprojectsofLaFrancophoniep.40reviewof2013TheIndianOceanMusicMarketp.50andafascinatingstoryofTheAfro-SeminolesCreolesfromTexasp.44InMusicandArtwehavetheStLucianLutherFrancoisGodfatherofCaribbeanjazzwhoisalivingembodimentofthemusicalgenreitselfp.58LouisianasChubbyCarrier2010GrammywinnerforthebestZydecoandCajunMusicalbumandwhocontinuestoattractnewfanstothemusichelovesp.62.Atjust28NewOrleansssonTroyAndrewsbetterknownasTromboneShortyisleadinganewwaveofjazzmusiciansbringingbackthepopularityofbigbrassbandsp.68.AcrosstwooceansfromNewOrleansoriginatingfromLaRunionintheIndiaOceanChristineSalemsingsmaloya-thebannedAfrican-inuencedmusicoftheCreoledescendantsoftheslaveswhoworkedtheislandssugarplantations.Hershowsarespellbindingandextremelycontroversialp.72.AnotherGrammy-winnerR.KellymostfamouslyknownforthehitIBelieveICanFlyandastringofotherhitslikeIgnitionandBumpNGrindhaswrittenamemoirofhislifecalledSoulacoasterTheDiaryofMep.76.FurthereastAustralianresidentbutnativeofSeychellesGraceBarbeisarisingstarontheworldmusicscene.ShesingsinEnglishFrenchandinCreoleandcaptivateslistenerswithauniquefusionofrockAfricanbeatsreggaeandsegap.80.ProfessorAvijitLahiriCardiologistbyProfessionandPassionateArtCollectorexplorestheoriginsanddevelopmentofIndianArtp.96.Youwillbecaptivatedbythesophisticationoftheancientarthehasportrayed.KathyAnnChevalierJosephoneofthemostgiedpaintersinTrinidadandTobagooersavibrantlookinsidethenaturalandculturalbeautyofherCaribbeanhomelandp.106.FewmayrealisehowmuchpleasureandexcitementhasbeengiventomyriadsofspectatorsbyCreolefootballgeniuses.KreolexploresthedevelopmentofspecicCreolestyleplayingthatp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4KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE9May-August2014kreolFeaturecontentsiSSuE9May-August2O1446182212865811228124Featres6LynnWhiteldAShiningExampleofCreoleStyleandGrace12ErnestHilaireFromCadettoAmbassador-ADreamFullled18AbdouDioufContributionsofGreatStature22AlainSt.AngeASeychellesMasterofPromotion28NicoleRichieNotYourGardenVarietyCaliforniaGirlCltre34TrinidadTobagoABastionofCultureRipeforInvestment40LaFrancophonieSeekingImprovementsAroundtheWorld44CreolesinTexasTheAfro-Seminoles50IOMMATheIndianOceanMusicMarketShinesaLightonMusicAcrosstheRegionTravel54ValledeMaiThirtyYearsOnMsc58LutherFrancoisTheGodfatherofJazzinSt.Lucia62ChubbyCarrierBigTalentfromtheBayou.68TromboneShortyWhocallstheBigEasyhome72ChristineSalemEnvoteleNewYorkTimes76RKellyTheRideofHisLife80GraceBarbeAnEmergingStarinWorldofMusic84CDReviewsBooks86TogetherForeverinSeychellesbyHisExcellencyPhilippeLeGalltheSeychellesAmbassadortoChina90SeychellesTheFirstTravelGuideBookofSeychellesinKorean92SecondLineHomeNewOrleansPoemsfromMonaLisaSaloy94ProclamationDeclaringMarieThereseDitteCoincoinDayNatchitochesLouisianaArt96IndianArtItsOriginsandDevelopment106KathyAnnChevalierPortraitofanArtistSport112ThierryHenryOneofFrenchfootballsbest118CreoleFootballTheOriginsandLegacySocal122TOCOImprovingthelivesofCaribbeanyouth126AerDivorceHowtoStartDatingSomeoneNewhealtBeaty128HairCornerIdeasforyournexthairstyle134BeautyWarsFood140CreoleRecipesFishandOctopuscurries www.festivalinternational.comDowntownLafayetteLOUISIANAALITTLEBITOFEVERYTHINGAWHOLELOTOFFUNItsee 6KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE9May-August2014kreolFeatureLynnWhiteldisashiningexampleofthestyleandgracethatAfrican-Americanwomencanbringtothearts.AnaccomplishedactressonstageandscreenLynnhassustainedanimpressivecareerintheartsforoverfourdecades.Thispiecechroniclesherbackgroundandaccomplishmentsaswellasthedrivingfactorsthatgothertowheresheistodayanddefnedheralongtheway.hiteldWLynnGracefulCreoleStarfromLouisianasBatonRouge 7kreolFeatureKREOLMAGAZINEISSUE9May-August2014PhotoPaulSmithFeatureflash 8KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE9May-August2014kreolFeatureThereisaperceptionbysomethatAmericahasenteredintoaneraofpost-racialharmonywheremoregoodthanbadoccurswhenitcomestoracialtensions.WhiletheoutwardclashesbetweenracesandblatantracismmayhavedisappearedthereisstillastrugglethatmanypeopleofcolourfaceintheUnitedStates.Somepeoplemaychoosenottofacethisbattlemaybeevenacceptthattheirsituationmayneverchange.OntheotherhandthereareindividualssuchasactressLynnWhitfieldwhopossessanattitudethatdrivesthemforwardwhentheymeetbarriersandconfrontsandovercomesthemtoachievesuccess.LynnWhitfieldcamefromabackgroundthathadherskincolorbeendifferentwouldhaveeasilylaunchedahighprofilecareer.HoweverbecauseWhitfieldisblacklifepresentedmorechallenges.RootsinBlackSouthernAristocracyWhitfieldwasbornLynnButler-Smithon6May1953inBatonRougeLouisianatoparentswithdeeprootsinblackSouthernaristocracy.HerfatherDr.ValerianSmithranasuccessfuldentalWhitfeldisnotonlyanArican-AmericanbutwithdeeprootsinLouisianaandtheAmericanSouthisalsopartotheCreoleculturethatencompassesmuchoLouisiana.HeramilytreeincludespeopleoAricandescentaswellasNativeAmericandescentspecifcallyromtheCherokeetribesotheregionJamieFoxtalkswithActressLynnWhitfieldattheopeningnightofthePanAfricanFilmFestival.PhotoWENNBailey 9kreolFeatureKREOLMAGAZINEISSUE9May-August2014practicefordecadesinhernativeBatonRouge.Dr.SmithwasagraduateofHowardUniversityandinadditiontohisdentalpracticewasthoroughlyengagedintheperformingartsinLouisiana.HermotherJeanButlerisathird-generationgraduateofHowardUniversityandspenttimeworkingasafashionconsultantbeforefindinghertruecalling.Ms.ButlerhasworkedfortheLouisianaHousingFinanceAgencyfordecadesandcurrentlyservesastheorganizationspresident.BothofWhitfieldsgrandfathersweredoctorsgivingherfamilyauniquestandinginSouthernsocietyasaccomplishedAfrican-AmericansatatimewhenmanyblackswereconsideredbymostinAmericasocietyaslessthanequal.WhitfieldisnotonlyanAfrican-AmericanbutwithdeeprootsinLouisianaandtheAmericanSouthisalsopartoftheCreoleculturethatencompassesmuchofLouisiana.HerfamilytreeincludespeopleofAfricandescentaswellasNativeAmericandescentspecificallyfromtheCherokeetribesoftheregion.ACareerReectiveofanAttitudeWhitfieldsupbringingwouldprovideherwithallthetoolssheneededtosucceedinlifeespeciallyasanAfrican-Americanwomanandactress.ShecreditsherparentsforraisingallfourchildrenWhitfieldbeingtheoldestwithastrongwillandsenseofcommitment.Whitfieldsfatherisresponsibleforlaunchinghercareerinthearts.LynnWhitfieldandChrisRockrightinHeadofState2003.PhotoMoviestorecollectionLtdAlamyForhereortcommitmentanddisciplineWhitfeldwonanEmmyAwardorOutstandingLeadActressinaMiniseriesoraSpecialandwonanNAACPImageAwardortheroleaswell 10KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE9May-August2014kreolFeatureDr.Smithwasnotonlyadentistbutadedicatedcomposerandtheatrefan.HeplayedalargeroleindevelopingandformingthelocaltheatresceneinBatonRougeevenwritinganddirectinganumberofsmallplays.ItwasDr.SmithwhoguidedWhitfieldtowardhercareerintheartsstartingwithherenrollmentinthedramaprogramatHowardUniversity.WhileattendingHowardUniversityandstudyingdramaWhitfieldjoinedtheBlackRepertoryCompanyinWashingtonD.C.Duringthe1970shercareergotupandrunningwithseveralappearancesoff-BroadwayaftershemovedtoNewYorkCity.Shegainedgreaternotorietyin1977forherperformanceinLosAngelesintheplayForColoredGirlsWhoHaveConsideredSuicide...WhentheRainbowisEnuf.FollowingherperformanceintheplaytelevisionandmovierolesbegantopopupforWhitfield.ShewouldstruggleforyearsthoughtofightthestereotypethatblackwomeninAmericawereroutinelytypecastintoonAmericantelevisionseriesandinfilms.InanerawhenmanyrolesforwomenofcolourincludedbeingprostitutesandjunkiesWhitfieldrefusedtobepigeonholed.ShewouldholdoutatallcostsbecauseshesawherselfasandcertainlywasequalinAmericansociety.Whitfieldscareersurgedupwardinthe1990sthankstoherawardwinningroleasJosephineBakerontheHBObiopicTheJosephineBakerStory.WhitfieldnailedtheroleofBakeralegendaryentertainerturnedcivilrightsactivist.HerdeterminationtomaintainherprinciplesandseekoutintelligentrolesmadeWhitfieldaperfectfitfortheroleofBakernotjustasanactressbutasahumanbeing.PlayingtheroleofBakerwasachallengeforWhitfieldinnosmallpartbecauseofthefactthatinherlate30sWhitfieldwasaskedtoportrayBakerthroughoutthefilmranginginagefrom18to68.ForhereffortcommitmentanddisciplineWhitfieldwonanEmmyAwardforOutstandingLeadActressinaMiniseriesoraSpecialandwonanNAACPImageAwardfortheroleaswell.DevotiontoCrafThebiggestchallengeofWhitfieldscareercameafterherroleasJosephineBaker.ShehasadmittedinrecentyearsthatitwastoughtostepoutoftheshadowofherroleasBakerandfindworkthatdidntforceherintoatypecast.Indeedhercareersufferedabitofaslumpinthelate1990sdespiterolesinmoviessuchasAThinLineBetweenLoveandHateandGoneFishin.Whitfieldrefusedtogiveuphoweverandeventuallyfoundthattherolesshedesiredcameherwayearlyinthe21stcentury.Throughouttheearly2000ssheappearedinnumeroustelevisionshowsandmadeforTVmovies.AsforherstatusasanAfrican-AmericanandawomanWhitfieldhasnevergivenuponpushingforequalityforallinAmericansociety.Thesameintelligenceanddevotionshebroughttomanyofhercharacterscanbeseeninherownlife.Sherefusestoseeherselfasanythinglessthanequal.WhitfieldsownwordsencapsulateherfeelingsthebestassheoncetoldtheChicagoTribuneIfindmyselfinanemotionalparalysisifIaccepttheconceptthatbecauseIamawomanespeciallyablackwomanitshardertobesuccessful.Icantacceptthatasmyreality.Imanequal.LynnWhitfieldandGraceGibsonatBlackNativitypremiereatTheApolloTheaterinNewYorkCity.PhotoDennisVanTineFutureImageWENN 11kreolFeatureKREOLMAGAZINEISSUE9May-August2014 12KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE9May-August2014kreolFeatureWhenaskedabouttheroadtohiscurrentdiplomaticposthisExcellencyDrErnesthilairedescribesafascinatingjourney-onethathaspreparedhimwellforthehonourableoceofhigCommissionerofSaintLciatoteunitedKingdom.FromCadettoHighCommissioner-ADreamFulflledilaireHErnestdesbtuerea 13kreolFeatureKREOLMAGAZINEISSUE9May-August2014 14KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE9May-August2014kreolFeatureBackgroundTheBirthofaDreamErnestHilairegrewupinSt.Luciainanenvironmentthatencouragedastrongsocialconsciousness.Organisedyouthgroupssportingcompetitionsandthelocalstudentandyouthmovementswereanormalpartofhisupbringingthatfedhisnaturalfascinationinsociology.Anearlyinterestincurrentaffairsmadeiteasyfortheyoungstertomemorisethecapitalspopulationsandflagsofmanycountriesandlearnaboutinternationalhistory.Intheearly1990sHilairecompletedhisBachelorofSciencedegreeattheCaveHillcampusoftheUniversityoftheWestIndiesafterswitchingfromastrictSociologymajortoadoublemajorinPoliticalScienceandSociology.HilairesaspirationtobecomeinvolvedininternationalpoliticsandhelpaddressandprovidesolutionstoglobalproblemssprangfromthesamefertileideologicalsoilthatwouldmotivatehimtojointheForeignServiceuponhisgraduationin1993.ForeignServiceandBeyondAfterservingoneyearasaForeignServicecadetHilaireearnedhisMasterofPhilosophydegreein1995withadistinctioninInternationalRelationsfromDarwinCollegeCambridgeUniversityEngland.Hethendecidedtospendthenexttwoyearsteaching.WhileintheteachingpostHilairewasinvitedbyPrimeMinisterDr.KennyAnthonytoserveashispersonalassistant.Heworkedinthiscapacityfortwoyearsatimehefondlyrecallsasaveryrichperiodinmygrowthanddevelopment.HilairestimeinthePrimeMinistersofficebroughtrewardingworkingovernmentprogrammesthatfocusedonbasicneedsinternshipsandnationalskillsamicro-enterprisefundforyoungpeople.Thisincludedagovernmentinitiativedesignedtoimprovethelivingstandardsofbananagrowerswhofacedtremendouspressuresduetothedecliningrurallandscape.In1997HilaireservedasPermanentSecretaryinchargeoftheMinistryofYouthandSports.AtthattimetheSt.LuciangovernmenthadplanstobuildaNationalStadiumthenationalcricketgroundsanddeterminedtoplacecourtsallovertheisland.InnovativesportsandyouthpolicieswererequiredandHilairewasappointedtooverseethegovernmentsyouthandsportsprogramme.FromSportstoBusinessandBackHilairethenreturnedtoEnglandtoearnhisPh.D.attheLondonSchoolofEconomics.BeforeleavingSt.LuciaforhisstudieshehelpedpreparethebidforhishomecountrytohosttheCricketWorldCup.AsaresultSt.LuciareceivedoneoftheHEErnestHilairewithStLuciaPrimeMinisterKennyAnthonyattheSt.LucianHighCommissionLondon 15kreolFeatureKREOLMAGAZINEISSUE9May-August2014mostattractiveCricketWorldCuppackages.AftercompletinghisdegreeHilairereturnedhometoserveasCEOoftheCricketWorldCupTournamentinSt.Lucia.Hiscareerthentookhimforatimetotheworld-renownedbusinessconsultancyMcKinseyandCompany-anopportunityhedescribesasprobablythemostfascinatingexperienceinthelifeofayoungprofessional.AttheconsultancyheaddsImetsomeofthebrightestandmostefficientpeopleIhaveeverknownintheworld.In2010HilairewasinvitedbytheWestIndiesCricketBoardWICBtoserveasDirectorofthe2010WorldTournamentwhichtheboardwouldbehosting.WhileHilairemadepreparationsforthetournamenttheboardmadeadecisiontoreplaceitsCEOandsuggestedthatHilaireapplyforthesoon-to-be-vacantpoststatingthattheWICBneededsomeonewhocouldtransformtheboard.Hilaireappliedwashiredandheldthepostforthreeyearsbeforedecidingthatthetimehadcometomoveontofreshchallenges.DiplomacyComingFull-CircleOnhearingthatHilairewaspreparedtoleavetheWICBthePrimeMinisteraskedifhethoughthemightconsideradiplomaticposition.LearningthatthepostwouldbebasedinLondonHilairequicklyaccepted.Whenaskedtodaywhetherhemissesthehands-onapproachofhisgovernmentpostAmbassadorHilairerespondscandidlyImissitandIwillalwaysmissit.IknowIwillgobacktoit.Itswhatmakesmefeelmostfulfilled.ButIbelievedoingthisjobisimportant.WithsomehugeresponsibilitiesonyourshouldersithelpsyoutodevelopcertainskillsandcertaincompetencieswhichIthinkarenecessaryasaprofessional.ButIknowIwillgobacktodoingwhatIlovemostworkingwiththepeopleinthecommunities.Justthesightofyoungpeoplebeingunemployednothavingtheopportunitiestobegainfullyengagedinproductiveactivityissomethingthatwillalwaysmotivateandinspiremetobeinvolvedintheseprogrammes.ForthatprecisereasonHilaireistodayashewasinthepaststillinvolvedwiththeNationalYouthCouncilofSt.Lucia.Althoughhemaynolongerbeonthefrontlineofsocialdevelopmentworkbackhomehestaysintouchanddoeshisbittohelp.Partofthissupportinvolvesculturalwork-encouragingyoungpeopletousetheirtalentsinmusicdancefilmmakingandart.HeisalsoworkingwithaSaintLucianwhoplaysfootballintheUKtocreateafootballacademyandbuildahomefordisadvantagedyouth.CreoleCultureandIdentityHilairecountsCarnivalCalypsoandReggaeamonghisfavouriteculturalandpersonalinterests.IgrewupwithBobMarleybeingthefavouritemusician.FormeReggaeisthemostrelaxingandinspirationalmusicbecausethemessagesitconveysreachmeinawaythatkeepsmegroundedIlistentoothermusicbutReggaeandCalypsoaremyfavourites.IntyinghisfavouritemusictohisculturalidentityandsocialsensibilitiesHilaireclarifieshisoutlookAsaWestIndianthebeatisimportant.TheRhythmofourlifeisreflectedinthebeatofourmusic.ButIwillnotlistentosongswherethelyricsareunacceptable.Therehastobeamessage.TohisbeliefthatthereisadeepermeaningbeyondtheeverydaylivingofCreolenessHilaireaddsthesethoughtsFormeCreoleisreallytheblendingofvariousracesorethnicbackgroundsintheWestIndiesinparticular.Wehavebecomeameltingpot.ThereisavibrantCreolenessaboutusCaribbeanpeople.WehavebecomeindigenisedandthatindigenisationisourCreoleness.ThatswhatmakesSaintLuciasofascinatingbecausewehaveaverystrongFrenchinfluenceontopofanEnglishstructure.WithourCreolelanguageyouwillgetAfricanwordsFrenchwordsbutwealsospeakEnglishasourofficiallanguage.ThatkindofblendingistheCreolenessweseeinourpeople.Itdefinesusinawaywhichtellsalotaboutthevibrancywehaveasapeople.Formeitsjustexciting.AmbassadorshipANobleRoleAsHighCommissionerDr.HilairedescribeshisdiplomaticroleasdefendingtheinterestsofSaintLuciaintheUnitedKingdomandrepresentingtheinterestsoftheislandsmemberorganisationsaswellasthoseofthelargeSt.LucianDiasporaintheU.K.HeviewsthesefunctionsasexpandingthespacewhereSt.Lucianscanbenefitfrombuildingrelationshipsandcontacts.Todaynearly20yearsafterjoiningtheForeignServiceasacadetHisExcellencyDr.ErnestHilairehascomefull-circle.HeembracestheofficeofHighCommissioner-andallitschallenges-withapassionatedeterminationtousehisrichsocialandpoliticalbackgroundandwealthofskillsandeducationforthenoblepurposeofworkinginthediplomaticarenaonbehalfofhiscountryandforthepeopleheloves. 16KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE9May-August2014kreolFeatureCelebratingthe35thAnniversaryofSt.LuciasIndependenceattheSt.LucianHighCommissionLondon APRIL30-MAY112014STLUCIAJAZZ.ORGStLuciaJazzFestStLuciaJazzFestStLuciaJazzandArtsFestivalFORMOREINFORMATIONCONTACTSAINTLUCIATOURISTBOARDAT17584524094informationstlucia.orgDISCOUNTS15DiscountoffallticketsuntilMarch312014.10Discountoffbulkpurchasesof20ticketsormoreinasingletransactionfromApril1sttoMay9th.FORSATURDAYANDSUNDAYSHOWSCHILDRENAGES5ANDUNDERENTERFREE.CHILDREN612YEARSEC60US24VATINCLUSIVE.HOWTOPURCHASETICKETSONLINEPurchaseticketsatwww.stluciajazz.orgbyclickingonthePurchaseTicketsNowicononthehomepage.TicketspurchasedonlinecanbeprintedathomeorpickedupatthevenueWillCallwindowonShowDaysONLY.ON-ISLANDOUTLETSTicketscanbepurchasedatSunshineBookshopatJ.Q.MallRodneyBayTheCellatJeremieStreetCastriesandClarkeStreetVieux-FortandSplendourGiftsandMoreatGablewoodsMall.HOWTOPAYTicketoutletswillacceptcashandallmajorcreditcardtransactionsaswellasbankcardATMcardtransactions.PERSONALCHEQUESWILLNOTBEACCEPTED.09MAYFridayPigeonIslandNationalLandmarkTime8pmPSQUAREELVISCRESPOKEMSAINTLUCIAEXPOSEFT.MICHAELROBINSONANESHAANTOINEJESSYLEONCEANDTHADDEUSLIONELBARRINGTONLEVYTEDDYSONJOHNFT.ALISONHINDSALTERNATIVEQUARTET11MAYSundayPigeonIslandNationalLandmarkTime2pm10MAYSaturdayPigeonIslandNationalLandmarkTime4pm08MAYThursdayGaietyonRodneyBayTime8pmUS46EC115US46EC115US80EC200US80EC200MAXWELLLEELAJAMESTHECOMMODORESTESSANNECHINMONTYALEXANDERBLUEMANGFT.YANNNEGRITJAMESGERMAINDEEDEEBRIDGEWATEROMARSOSAARTISTESDateVenueTimePricesVATinclusivePLATINUMSPONSORGOLDSPONSORSSILVERSPONSORSBRONZESPONSORSCCOOTTTTOONNBBAYVVIILLLLAAGGEESSTT..LLUUCCIIAACOTTONBVILLAGEST.LUCIACOTTONBAYVILLAGEST.LUCIA 18KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE9May-August2014kreolFeature 19kreolFeatureKREOLMAGAZINEISSUE9May-August2014TheformerSenegalesePresidentAbdouDioufcurrentlyservesastheleaderofLaFrancophonie.HistenuretotheorganisationhoweveriscomingtoanendandmanyFrench-speakingnationswonderhowandbywhomhisshoeswillbeflled.ioufDAbdouContributionsofGreatStatureWhileoneofthetallestworldleaderstheformerpresidentofSenegaliscelebratedforfarmorethanhisheight.Atseventy-eightyearsoldDioufisthecurrentsecretarygeneraloftheOrganisationInternationaledelaFrancophoniemorecommonlyknownasLaFrancophonie.BorntoapostalworkerinSenegalDioufstudiedlawbeforedevotinghislifetocivilservice.AsaspokesmanforFrench-speakingnationseverywhereDioufslifeandcareerhasbeeninspirationalonmanyfrontsandhissponsorshipofvariouscausesandprogramsisexemplary.DioufinspiteofhisrespectedtenureasleaderofFrancophoniehasindicatedhewillnotrunforexecutiveofficeagain.Expertsappeartoagreethatfindingareplacementwithhistalentandreputewillbedifficult.DioufTheEarlyYearsBorninLougaSenegalin1935DioufisadevoutMuslim.HismotherwasaHalPulaarwhilehisfatherwasaSerere.HisbirthplaceofLougaislocatedinthenorthwestofthecountrynotfarfromthecoastandthecoastalcityofSaint-Louis. 20KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE9May-August2014kreolFeatureHestudiedasachildandsecondarystudentinSaint-LouisbeforeheadingtoDakarthecapitalandmostpopulouscityinSenegaltofollowalawdegreeatuniversity.HealsospentsometimeattheSorbonneinParisduringhiscourse.Hegraduatedin1959andthenbeganhiscareerinthecivilserviceandpolitics.PoliticslaSenegalDuringthe1960sDioufalignedhimselfwiththeSenegaleseProgressiveUniontherulingparty.ThepartywasledfirstbyOusmaneTanorDiengandthenthepoetLopoldSdarSenghorwhoservedastheSenegalesePresident.ThepartywouldeventuallycallitselftheSocialistPartyofSenegal.In1961Dioufgainedagovernorship.HeservedasaterritorialgovernorbeforecatchingthenoticeofSenghor.In1962DioufwasaskedtoserveasDirectoroftheCabinetoftheMinistryofForeignAffairs.HecontinuedtomoveuptheranksinthegovernmentandnextservedasDirectoroftheCabinetofPresidentandthenSecretary-GeneralofthePresidencyarolehetookonin1964andcontinueduntil1968.HethenprogressedtotheroleoftheMinisterofPlanningandIndustrybeforebecomingPrimeMinisterin1970.AsSenghorsprotgDioufwaspresentedtheroleofprimeministersothathemightbegintocementhispersonalpowerbase.SenghorgroomedDioufinmanywayssofewweresurprisedwhenthepresidentresignedin1981andthepositiontakenupbyDiouf.Dioufsearlyperiodthepresidencywasknownforitsliberalism.Heopenedchannelsformoreoppositionpartiestoparticipateinthenationspoliticalscene.Thisturnedouttobeastrategicmove.TheoppositionbecameincreasinglyfracturedallowingDioufspartytosecureastrongmajority.Dioufservedaspresidentuntil2000whenhepeaceablyconcededdefeatandturnedthepresidencyovertohislong-timeopponentAbdoulayeWade.OnacontinentwhereviolenceaccompaniesachangeinpresidencyDioufspeacefultransferofpowerisviewedasamodelfortheregionandtheAfricancontinent.FrancophonieAsaleaderwithimmenseexperienceonthepoliticalstageitwasalogicaltransitionforDiouftotakethehelmofFrancophonieanorganizationdedicatedtopromoteallFrench-speakingnations.AsbothpresidentofFrancophonieandformerpresidentofSenegalhehasalsoparticipatedinimportantcausessuchaspromotingAIDSawareness.AsleaderofFrancophonieDioufhasworkedforpeaceandpoliticalstabilityamongstFrench-speakingnationsandtheirneighbours.Theorganisationhasanintegralroleinpromotingnetworkingbetweenmembernations.Byfosteringpoliticalstabilityandcooperationtheorganisationcanalsonurtureeconomicpursuitsofmembercountriesincludingtradeagreements.OtherPursuitsDuringhiscareerasboththeleaderofSenegalandFrancophonieDioufhasgainednotorietyforhisstridesinthefieldofhealthcareforthepeopleofSenegalandFrench-speakingnations.ForinstanceunderDioufsleadershipSenegalbecamethefirstnationonthecontinenttomeettheWorldHealthOrganisationsgoalsforchildhoodimmunisations.DioufspoliciesweresuccessfulincontrollingthespreadofAIDSinSenegalevenasdiseasestatisticsballoonedinotherAfricannations.ThroughconcertedcampaignsthatpromotedsafesexSenegalwasabletocontaintheAIDSepidemictoalittleastwopercent.NoworldleaderiswithoutcriticsofcoursebutDioufiswidelyreveredforhiscontributionstobothhishomelandandtheFrancophonieorganisation.WhowillllDioufsShoesAtthistimetheonlypersontoexpressaninterestinservingasleaderofFrancophoniehasbeenMichalleJeantheformerGovernorGeneralofCanadaaHaitian-bornwomanwhowasforcedtofleetoQuebecin1968toescapetheDuvalierregime.Shemayhaveadifficulttimeininbeingappointedtotherolehoweverasithashistoricallybeenfilledbyaformerleaderofadevelopingnation.ItremainstobeseenifDioufwillendorseanyoneinparticular.ManyFrenchandCreole-speakingnationsarewaitingtoseewhowillhavethevisionandenergyandskillstobuildontheprogrammesthatDioufhassosuccessfullyimplementedforTheFrancophoniemembernations.TheFrenchlanguagehasbeenakeythreadthathasbroughtmanynationstogether.Dioufhasbeenintegralinweavingthisthread.AsanimportantleaderofhistimesandinsomanywaysamodelpresidentialleaderofanationDioufhascertainlyearnedhisrighttoretirement.Hehasmuchtobeproudof.DioufspeacefultransferofpowerisviewedasamodelfortheregionandAfricancontinent. OFFICIALMEDIAEVENTORGANISERTICKETSMAINSPONSORSSUPPORTEDBYKASABIANPAULWELLERPAOLONUTINILILYALLENJAKEBUGGCHASESTATUSELLIEGOULDINGTINIETEMPAHM.I.A.EXAMPLEKATYBTAMEIMPALAABOVEBEYONDMANICSTREETPREACHERSJAMESKLAXONSCOURTEENERSSUBFOCUSOFMONTREALTHECHARLATANSTHE1975KODALINETOMODELLTELEGRAMTHEPRESIDENTSOFTHEUNITEDSTATESOFAMERICA...andmanymoreTicketsonsaleFIBERFIB.COM 22KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE9May-August2014kreolFeatureAlanSt.Angemightbeoneofthesmartestmarketersandpromotersthatthewiderworldhasneverheardof.AsMnsterofToursmandCulturenSeychellesitishisjobtopromotehisislandnationasatouristdestinationtotravellersfromaroundtheglobe.NowhehastakenonanevenlargerroleasPresdentoftheVanllaislandsacooperativemarketingorganisationbetweenseveralIndianislandnations.ngeAlainSt.nweasftihntems.twnelar2ASeychellesMasterofPromotion 23kreolFeatureKREOLMAGAZINEISSUE9May-August2014DUBAIPRESSATTENDSSEYCHELLESPRESSCONFERENCEINLARGENUMBERSMinisterAlainSt.AngetheSeychellesMinisterresponsibleforTourismandCulturewhowasbeingaccompaniedbySherinNaikentheCEOoftheSeychellesTourismBoardonSundayaddressedapressconferenceinDubaiastheytransitedbacktotheSeychellesafterhavingbeeninBerlinforthe2014ITBTourismTradeFair.Theonedayvisitwastheresultofarequestofsomepressmemberswhohadattendedthe2013CarnavalInternationaldeVictoriainSeychellesandwhowantedtobeupdatedonthecoming2014editionoftheevent.SOUTHAFRICAANDSEYCHELLESTOURISMMINISTERSMEETATITBTOURISMTRADEFAIRINBERLINMinisterMarthinusvanSchalkwyktheMinisterofTourismofSouthAfricaandadelegationofSouthAfricanTourismmetwithAlainSt.AngetheSeychellesMinisterresponsibleforTourismandCultureandhisdelegationduringITB2014todiscusscontinuedcooperationbetweenSouthAfricaandtheSeychelles.ThemeetingthattookplaceontheSeychellesStandattheITBTourismTradeFairwasanopportunityforMinisterVanSchalkwykandMinisterSt.Angetoreiterateareasofcooperationinthepresenceoftheowndelegations.ThecomingAUAfricanUnionTourismMinistersmeetinginSeychellesmid-MarchwasdiscussedaswellasthehistoricICAO-UNWTOMeetingforTourismandTransportMinisterswhichisscheduledtotakeplaceinSeychellesinOctober.UNWTOSECRETARYGENERALANDSEYCHELLESTOURISMMINISTERMEETATITB2014MrTalebRifaitheSecretaryGeneralontheUNWTOUnitedNationsWorldTourismOrganisationmadetimeatthe2014ITBTourismTradeFairtomeetwithMinisterAlainSt.AngetheSeychellesMinisterresponsibleforTourismandCulture.ThemeetingbetweentheSecretaryGeneraloftheUNWTOandMinisterSt.AngethattookplaceontheSeychellesStandatthe2014ITBwasalsoattendedbyElsiaGrandcourttheDirectorforAfricaattheUNWTOamongotherUNWTODirectorsSherinNaikentheCEOoftheSeychellesTourismBoardandBernadetteWillemintheParisbasedDirectorforEuropefortheSeychellesTourismBoard.VANILLAISLANDSREPRESENTATIVESMEETDURING2014ITBTOURISMTRADEFAIRINBERLINRepresentativesoftheIndianOceanVanillaIslandswhowereinBerlinforthe2014ITBTourismTradeFairansweredthecallbyPascalViroleautheCEOoftheorganisationforameetingthatwasheldontheMauritiusStandattheITB.MinisterAlainSt.AngethePresidentoftheOrganisationandtheSeychellesMinisterresponsibleforTourismandCultureandMinisterMichaelSikYuentheMauritiusMinisterofTourismandLeisurejoinedTourismChiefExecutivesoftheMemberIslands.SherinRenaudtheCEOoftheSeychellesTourismBoardKarlMootoosamyCEOoftheMauritiusTourismPromotionalAuthorityMichelAhamedtheDirectorofMayotteTourismandJocelynRamanambohitratheVicePresidentoftheBoardoftheMadagascarTourismOffice.ThemeetingwastoprimarilydiscusstheendofthecurrentTHEUSAOFAMERICAWILLBEREPRESENTEDATTHECARNAVALINTERNATIONALDEVICTORIAINSEYCHELLESThe2014editionoftheannualCarnavalInternationaldeVictoriathatisstagedinthemid-oceantropicalislandsoftheSeychellesandco-hostedbyLaReunionMadagascarMayotteandSouthAfricaKwaZuluNatalisthisyearsettobeanothergreatsuccess.ItisnowconfirmedbytheorganisersthattheUSAofAmericawillberepresentedbytheCountryWesternGroupMichaelQuinnandtheBourbonKings.LastweekithadalreadybeenconfirmedthatNottingHillCarnivaloftheUKtheBrazilCarnivaltheIndonesiaCarnivalandtheDusseldorfCarnivalofGermanywereallsendingdelegationstothecarnivalofcarnivalsinSeychelles.TodaythisimpressivelistofworldcarnivalsseestheUSAofAmericajoininginforthethecarnivalparadestagedunderthetaglineofthemeltingpotofcultures.TheIndianOceanRegionwithitsVanillaIslandsandmainlandAfricahavebeenabletostagefortheSEYCHELLESNEWCARNIVALSONG2014ISOUT-LISTENTOITANDRADIOSTATIONSCANUSEITFREELYSeychellesnewcarnivalsonghasbeenreleasedtwomonthsorsoleadinguptocarnival.OleOlaensellavwaimmediatelymadeitsdebutonSeychellesradiostationsafteritslaunchingonFriday21stFebruary.TravisJuliennethesongcomposerandsingersaidOleOlaensellavwaisacolourfulSOUTHAFRICANAMESACTRESSANGELIQUEGERBERASTHEIRMASTEROFCEREMONYFORTHECOMING2014SEYCHELLESCARNIVALOFAPRILSouthAfricaKwaZuluNatalisthisyearaco-hostfortheAprilCarnivalofCarnivalsthatisstagedannuallyintheSeychellesandassuchwillbeplayingakeypartinallthemaineventsofthatuniqueeventthatcontinuestoattractinternationalpresstothesemid-oceanislandstocovertheeventthattheyhavethemselvesdubbedtheoneandonlyCarnivalofcarnivals.THEWORLDTOURISMFORUMTHINKTANKSEENASANOTHERSUCCESSSAYSSEYCHELLESMINISTERTheSecretaryGeneraloftheUNWTOMrTalebRifaijoinedaselectedgrouptwentyfiverepresentingTourismassociationsprivatesectorentrepreneursandexpertsandTourismMinistersfromSouthAfricaandtheSeychellesforthesecondyearrunningattheWorldTourismForumLucerneThinkTank.TheThinkTankwasheldonMarch2-32014attheHotelPalaceLucerneSwitzerland.Themainsubjecttabledforthis 24KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE9May-August2014kreolFeatureThenotedAmericanentrepreneurandmarketingguruSethGodinoncesaidthatmarketingisacontestforpeoplesattention.TheremaybenofinerquotetodescribetheprofessionallifeandgoalsofAlainSt.AngethemanwhositsatthecentreofthedrivetopromotetheIndianOceannationofSeychellesasatouristdestinationtotherestoftheworld.AstheMinisterofTourismandCultureinthecurrentadministrationintheSeychellesthebuckstopswithMr.St.AngewhenitcomestoresearchingdevelopingandimplementingmarketingandpromotionstrategiestogarnerattentionfortheSeychellesaroundtheglobe.Hisrolenotonlyincludesanofficialpositionwithinthegovernmentbutalsocooperationwithoutsidegroupsworkinghandinhandwiththegovernmenttopromotetourismtohisislandnation.PoliticsintheBloodItseemsAlainhasfoundhisnaturalpositioninlifeworkingthroughpoliticalforumstopromotehisnativeSeychellestotherestoftheworld.Hecomesfromawell-respectedpoliticalfamilyintheSeychelles.HisfatherKarlSt.AngewasamassivepoliticalfigureduringthecriticalearlyyearsofindependentpoliticsinSeychelles.AccordingtoFormerPresidentSirJamesManchamKarlSt.AngewasamancapableofmeetinganddiscussingpoliticswithSeychelloisfromallpoliticalspectrums.Hepossessedatrueabilitytohumanisepoliticsinthemindofallinvolved.ItwasintothisfamilythatAlainwasborn.Veryearlyonhischoiceofstudiesreflectedamanwithapassionforhishomelandandthevisiontopromoteit.DuringhisyouthAlainstudiedHotelManagementandTourismatschoolsinGermanyandFrancebeforelaunchinghisowncareerinhospitality.HeheldseveralpositionswithhotelsandrestaurantsinSeychellestheChannelIslandsandAustraliabeforelandingtheroleofGeneralManagerforDenisIslandaprivateresortinSeychelles.ItwasthisextensiveexperienceinthehospitalityfieldinadditiontohispoliticalupbringingthateventuallyledAlainintothepublicsectorpromotingthenaturalbeautyandsplendourofSeychelles.MarketingtotheWorldHismostimportantrolehascomeinrecentyearswherehehasbeenabletoapplyhisextensiveexperienceinhospitalitytothefieldofpromotingandmarketingSeychellesasatouristdestinationthroughouttheregionandaroundtheworld.InservingasMinisterofTourismandCultureAlainhasworkedcloselyinrecentyearswiththeSeychellesTourismBoardSTB.TheSTBisaprivatesectorcompanythatworksverycloselywiththepublicsectorinSeychellesinparticularwiththeMinisterofTourismandCulture.Jointlytheytohelpimplementthecountrysofficialtourismpoliciespromotetheislandsasadestinationdevelopproductsandmonitortheprogressoftourismpromotionstrategies.DespitealonganddistinguishedcareerAlainsmostvisionaryprojectisalsohisyoungestproject.TheformationofacollectiveandnewgeographicalentityVanillaIslandsistheproductofAlainandothertourismministersfromtheIndianOceanregion.TheVanillaIslandsThisisnotaformallyrecognisedgeographicallocationbutratherametaphoricalone.TheVanillaIslandsisamassivemarketingconceptdreamtupbyAlainandministersfromLaRunionMauritiusMadagascarandothersmallerIndianOceanislandnationstojointlypromotethevariousattractionstheregionhastooffertotouristsfromaroundtheglobe.Theprojectisjusttwoyearsoldbutisalreadygainingthenecessarytractionforsuccess.AtthecentreofthisprojectisAlainwhoiscurrentlyservingasecondtermasPresidentoftheVanillaIslands.TogetherwithhisfellowtourismandcultureministersfromthesevenmemberstatesAlainheadsupanefforttojointlypromoteboththesharedattractionsofeachmemberstatealongwiththefactorsthatmakeeachnationunique.AlainsvisionfortourisminitiativesintheSeychellesaswellastheVanillaIslandsistocontinuetoinnovateandtoradiatetheinsularsouloftheSeychellestotherestoftheworld.IndeedthegreatestchallengetheVanillaIslandsconceptfacesisthetaskofpromotingthegroupinamannerthatcreatesacohesiveidentityfortheregionwhilemaintainingtheindividualitythatmakeseachnationspecial.TheVanillaIslandsaregainingrecognitionaroundtheworldthankstoacceptanceasanentitybytheUnitedNationsaswellasaprovencommitmentfromthememberstates.Alainhasstatedonnumerousoccasionsthatthetimehascomenotonlyforusalltosaywearetogetherbuttobeseentogether.Alaincomesromawell-respectedpoliticalamilyintheSeychelles.HisatherKarlSt.AngewasamassivepoliticalfgureduringthecriticalearlyyearsoindependentpoliticsinSeychelles 25kreolFeatureKREOLMAGAZINEISSUE9May-August2014VanillaIslandsrepresentativesmeetduring2014ITBTourismTradeFairinBerlinUNWTOSecretaryGeneralandSeychellesTourismMinistermeetatITB2014SouthAfricaandSeychellesTourismMinistersmeetatITBTourismTradeFairinBerlinTheWorldTourismForumthinktankseenasanothersucesssaysSeychellesMinisterSeychellesnewCarnivalsong2014isout-Listentoit.Radiostationscanplayitfreely 26KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE9May-August2014kreolFeatureThePresidentoftheLaRunionRegionofFranceDidierRobertleftandAlainSt.AngeSeychellesMinisterofTourismandCultureMAURITIUSMINISTERFORTOURISMUPDATESHISSEYCHELLESCOUNTERPARTANDTHECEOOFTHEVANILLAISLANDSONHISMEETINGINITALYWITHCOSTACRUISESMinistetMichaelSikYuenofMauritiusmadetimeattheITBTourismTradeFairinBerlintoupdateAlainSt.AngetheSeychellesMinisterresponsibleforTourismandCultureandPascalViroleautheCEOoftheIndianOceanVanillaIslandsComorosLaReunionMadagascarMaldivesMauritiusMayotteandtheSeychellesonhismeetinginItalywithCostaCruises.MinisterSikYuenbriefedhisSeychellescounterpartinthepresenceofSherinNaikentheCEOoftheSeychellesTourismBoardthatCostaCruiseswasreturningtoMauritiusandtotheIndianOceanfromJanuary2015.MinisterSikYuenofMauritiusaccompaniedbyKarlMootoosamyhisheadoftheMTPAMauritiusTourismPromotionalAuthorityhadmetwithNorbertStiekematheExecutiveVicePresidentSalesMarketingatCostaCruises.OneofhislatesteffortsasPresidentoftheVanillaIslandsandalsoasMinisterofTourismandCultureforSeychelleshasbeentoattractaffordableairtransportationthroughouttheislandsandbetweentheregionandotherpartsoftheworld.AirSeychellesincoordinationwiththeMinistryofTourismandCulturerecentlyheldalaunchpartyinChinatopromoteexpandedairservicebetweenpartsofAsiaandSeychelles.ThetaskthatAlainSt.Angefacesisatoweringoneinsuchagloballyconnectedworldastheonewealllivein.ThefateoftheVanillaIslandsandSeychellescouldnotbeinbetterhandsthantheexperiencedonesofAlainSt.Ange.Inhimtheregionhasfoundamanwiththepoliticalupbringingandrealworldexperiencetogetthejobdonewithprofessionalismandensureasuccessfuloutcome.ThetaskthatAlainSt.Angefacesisatoweringoneinsuchagloballyconnectedworldastheonewealllivein. DiscoverthecharmofSaumurWithHotelAnnedAnjouBeneaththemajesticCastleoncehometothelastDukeofAnjouoverfourhundredyearsagotheprivatemansionofHotelAnnedAnjoustilllavishlyechoestheardorsoftheoldromanticFrenchrenaissance.AhistoricalmonumentyouwillfindyourselfgoingbackintimeenteringroomsthatwouldhavebeenfitforFrenchroyalty.BemesmerizedbyNapoleonsarchitectandbeleadtoyourroomswelcomedupthestepsofamagnificientgrandestaircaseadornedwitharedcarpet.HotelAnnedAnjou32QuaiMayaud49400SaumurFranceT33241673030httpwww.hotel-anneanjou.com 28KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE9May-August2014kreolFeaturePhotoHelgaEsteb 29kreolFeatureKREOLMAGAZINEISSUE9May-August2014NicolerichieisawomanofCreolerootswhosepathtostardomwasoneoftwistsandturnsandsomemostunusualcurves.BorninBerkeleyCaliforniain1981Richiewassurroundedbystarsfromanearlyageandyetunlikemanycelebritykidsshegenuinelyseemedtoforgeherownroadthroughsomesorrowsyetboastingherowntalentherownbrandofstardomthatradiatesfromherpersonalityandbeauty.NotYourGardenVarietyCaliforniaGirlichieRNicole 30KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE9May-August2014kreolFeatureWhoissheWhathashappenedtoherinheryounglifeandwhatisshedoingnowThiscaptivatingbeautyhasacompellingstorythatisstillunfoldingpagebypage.EarlyLifeFewmayknowthatthisgirlwhosegodfatherwasMichaelJacksonwasnotthebiologicaldaughterofLionelRichieandhiswifeBrendabutinsteadtheiradopteddaughter.NicoleRichiewasborntoPeterMichaelEscovedoandhisparamourKarenwhoworkedforEscovedossisterthemusicianSheilaE.ThecouplecouldnotcarefortheirdaughtersotheyaskedLionelRichiewhomEscovedoperformedwithtoassumeguardianship.ConsequentlyNicoleRichieenteredtheRichiescarewhenshewasthreebythetimesheturnedninethepairofficiallyadoptedher.RichiesbiologicalheritageincludesCreoleAfrican-MexicanandSpanishancestry.HerculturalheritageisofcourseanamalgamofrockandrollmusiccelebrityandtheCaliforniashowbusinessscene.InspiteofbeinggivenupbyherbiologicalparentsRichiebecamethepamperedandmuch-indulgedchildofthemusiclegendLionelRichie.SomeoftheindulgencesoccurredastheresultofamessyandpublicdivorcebetweenLionelandBrendain1993.FameandfortuneasidefewcouldarguethatNicoleRichiefacedsomeextraordinarilydifficultcircumstancesasachildyettheseobstacleswouldalsoservetoshapehertomoldherintowhosheistoday.YoungPlaymatesWhentalkingaboutRichiesearlylifeitsimpossiblenottonamedropnottoassociateherwiththeglamorousstarssuchasParisHiltonandKourtneyKardashian.RichieattendedkindergarteninLosAngeleswithHiltonandtheUniversityofArizonawithKardashian.ItstheRichie-HiltonfriendshiphoweverthatfocusedworldattentionontotheCreolebeautyandherhotelheiressBFF.Thefriendshipbetweenthetwoyounggirlswasfrequentlyonandoffbutasaduotheywouldcaptivatethepeoplearoundthem.TheSimpleLifeRichietherockstarsdaughterandHiltonthesocialiteheiressdecidedtoairtheirfriendshipontelevisionbywillinglysubjectingthemselvestothelifeandworkofmorenormaleverydayAmericans.Forinstancetheydbeputtoworkonafarmtoexperienceandlearnthewaysandoccupationsofsimplerfolk.Theshowlaunchedin2003captivatedthepublicthegirlsanticsandhumorwasdelightfulentertainment.Astheshowprogressedhowevertheirpersonallivesbegantoshowsignsofwear.Theirhitshowandincreasedcelebritystaturealsomeantthatthepublicwasbeginningtolearneverythingaboutthem.Richiefacedlegalconsequencesfordrugchargesandwaseventuallyforcedtoservetimefourdaysinjail.Thetwowomenalsohadaverypublicfallingout.ThetelevisionexperiencehoweverandtheboutwithdrugsdidnotbecomethesumtotalforRichiesstardomasitmighthave-asithadforsomanyyoungstarslikeher.InsteadandastonishinglysoRichiegrewfromtheexperiencesofherearlyfameandwilddaystobecomeasteadierindividualmorecommittedtothebusinesssideofhercareerandalsomorereadytofacelifeasanadultasamother.MotherhoodandtheRockStarLifeIn2008andthenagainin2009Richiegavebirthtoadaughterandsonrespectively.In2010RichiemarriedJoelMaddentheleadsingerofthebandGoodCharlotteandthefatherofherchildren.Thepairhadbegundatingin2006.Withherlong-timepalHiltonnolongerpartofheractRichiehasdefinitelyhitadultlifeonherownbyraisingherfamilyandcontinuingherowncareerpursuitsintheworldoffashion.InsteadofpartyshotsbythepaparazziRichieisfrequentlyfeaturedsmilingforthepresswithherkidsandhusbandintow.WhilemotherhoodisthenaturalpriorityforRichieheryoungageandrisingstarsuggeststhatthereismuchmoretocomeforthiscaptivatinglady.Fanscanseefromherwebsitethatshesinvolvedincharitiesaswellaspursuitsthatinvolveherfashioncareer.FewmayknowthatthisgirlwhosegodfatherwasMichaelJacksonwasnotthebiologicaldaughterofLionelRichieandhiswifeBrendabutinsteadtheiradopteddaughter.WhentalkingaboutRichiesearlylifeitsimpossiblenottonamedropnottoassociateherwiththeglamorousstarssuchasParisHiltonandKourtneyKardashian 31kreolFeatureKREOLMAGAZINEISSUE9May-August2014LionelRichieNicoleRichie.PhotoEntertainmentPress 32KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE9May-August2014kreolFeatureFashionGuruTheactressandtelevisionpersonalityhashadaflairforstylesinceshebeganhercelebrityrise.Todaysheisfarmoreensconcedintheworldofhighfashion.In2008RichielaunchedherownjewellerylineandwasthefaceforJimmyChoosadvertisingcampaigns.Eventuallysheaddedshoesandclothingtoherlinewhichwasparticularlyreveredforitsstylishmaternityclothes.HerlabeliscalledtheHouseofHarlow1960andforherworkwithherfashionlineshewonthe2010EntrepreneuroftheYearAward.In2011RichiewonaspotalongwithJessicaSimpsonontherealityshowFashionStarandinthesubsequentyearshelaunchedherownfragranceline.MoreontheHorizonWhenRichieappearedontheEllenShowplayingpianomanyspeculatedthatmusicwouldbehernextpathtoexplore.ThoughRichiehasdeniedthatsheisworkingonanalbumfewwouldbesurprisedtoseehercareertakesuchadirection.Afterallherbiologicalfatheradoptivefathergodfatherandaunthaveallplayedmusiconinternationalstagesitmightbeafittingchallengeforthisyoungstartotakeonnext.FornowRichieisenjoyingheryoungfamilyandprovingherselfintheworldofbigbusinessfashion.ThatsquiteataskforanyoneevensomeoneastalentedasNicoleRichie.Thisfashioniconactressandpopularcelebrityislikelytokeepsurprisingandentertainingthepublicforyearstocome.HerlabeliscalledtheHouseofHarlow1960andforherworkwithherfashionlineshewonthe2010EntrepreneuroftheYearAwardNicoleRichiehusbandJoelMaddenatthe2013LACMAArtFilmGalaattheLosAngelesCountyMuseumofArt.PhotoJaguarPS 33kreolFeatureKREOLMAGAZINEISSUE9May-August2014 KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE9May-August2014kreolCulture34ABastionofCultureRipeforInvestmentobagoTrinidadThesunrisesonPort-of-SpainmusicblaresfromloudspeakersatoplargetrucksandfromSouthQuaytoUpperFrederickStreettoAriapitaAvenuethousandsofmasqueradersandpartygoerssomebarelycoveredjumpchipandwine-theresnothingskittishaboutthisdancing-fortwowholedays.AerthisLent. KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE9May-August201435kreolCulture KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE9May-August2014kreolCulture36PortofSpainNationalAcademyforthePerformingArtsinTrinidadandTobago.Itisa1500seatperformancehallandcovers10acres.PhotoAnton_IvanovTrinidadandTobagoknowntheworldoverforitsdazzlingannualCarnivalishometoabroaderthrivingculturalscene.Thetwin-islandCaribbeannationboastsoutsizedachievementsintheartsapairofNobelPrize-winningauthorsinternationallylaudedfashiondesignersthought-provokingvisualartistsandtalentedmusicians.Peerintoitshistoryandyouwilldiscoveracross-pollinationofpeopleideasandtraditionsaculturaltrifectathattodayseesthepocket-sizedislandburnishingitsstatusasaregionalhubforartsandentertainmenttoattractforeigninvestmentinitstourismandcreativesectors.Withpristinebeachesandareputationforbeingamongtheworldstopecotourismdestinationsthereisalotofinvestmentpotentialhere.Butthistourismstoryisntallabouttantalizinglyblueseas.DrivesouthalongtheSirSolomonHochoyHighwaypasstheCaroniBirdSanctuarythatshometomorethan150speciesofbirdsincludingEudocimusrubertheScarletIbistolocalsandittakes30minutestodiscoverthecountrysindustrialclout.Trinidadafterallisthenumber-onesingle-siteexporterofmethanolandammoniaintheworldandamajorplayerinoilgasanddownstreampetrochemicals.Energydollarsandsheerpoliticalambitionhavecombinedtotakeonanewchallengeinfrastructure.In2012TrinidadandTobagoattractedmorethan400000visitors.Todaytheresconstructionofnewhotelsboardwalksandotheramenitiesunderwayandthatnumberislikelytogrowoverthenextfewyears.Perhapsevenmoreimpressiveinvestmentinthecreativeindustriesisenablinglocaltalenttoenrichthecommunitiesinwhichtheylivewhileattractingunprecedentedattentionfromtheirinternationalcounterpartsandtheglobalpublic.TheburgeoninglocalfilmindustrynowgeneratesalmostUS1millioninnetrevenueand20productioncompaniesand57companiesprovidingsupportservicesandcumulativelyemploymorethan1200full-timestaff.Thissuccessismatchedbyaninfluxofinternationalfilmcrewsseekingtherighttopographyadequateproductionfacilitiesandgeographicconvenience.Theyareequallyluredbycashincentivesincludingarebateofupto35percentforexpendituresincurredwhilefilmingon-locationplusanadditional5percentcashbackonthecostoflocallabour.Meanwhile33-year-olddesignerAnyaAyoung-CheeputTrinidadandTobagoonthemapforTrinidadandTobagoboastapairofNobelPrizewinningauthors KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE9May-August201437kreolCulturefashionwhenshewonseason9ofProjectRunwaytheAmericanrealityTVseriesfocusingonFashionDesignin2011.InJanuaryVogueItaliaeditorMarilenaBorgnacausedastirwhenshearrivedinTrinidadwithherteamtoproducearunwayshowandshootafashionfeaturedueoutinMayforthestoriedmagazine.InmusicjustasJamaicasuccessfullymainstreamedreggaeTrinidadandTobagoispromotingitshomegrownmusicaltraditionsontheinternationalscene.SocaalightheartedderivativeofCalypsocharacterizedbyaquickerbeatandless-satiricallyricsiscatchingonbeyondtheregionandevenlookingtocrownanewKing.ThesongDifferentologybysocaartistBunjiGarlinjustwonthe2013SoulTrainAwardforbestinternationalperformance.Furtherdevelopmentofthecreativeindustrieshasenormouspotentialtogrowthenationaleconomyasthegovernmentdiversifiesawayfromoilandgas.StillforallthebuzzaroundTrinidadStollmeyersCastleinPortofSpain.ItsoneoftheMagnificentSevenagroupofmansionsonMaravalRoad.PhotoAnton_IvanovDesignerAnyaAyoung-CheeputTrinidadandTobagoonthemapwhenshewonseason9ofAmericanrealityTVshowProjectRunwayin2011 KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE9May-August2014kreolCulture38PhotoNigelReidandTobagosperformersartistsfilmmakersfashiondesignersandculturaliconsthecountrywantstodomoretotranslateinternationaladmirationintorevenue.In2011thecreativeindustriesgeneratedapproximatelyUS611million.WhilethisfigureisntastronomicalMinisterofPlanningandtheEconomyDr.BhoendradattTewarieaptlyobservedthatitconstitutesasoundfoundationonwhichtobuild.Policiesareinplacetobolsterthatfoundationbyattractingmoreforeigninvestment.AsidefromTrinidadandTobagoslongstandingappealtoEuropeanandNorthAmericaninvestorsthecountryistargetingIndianandChinesewealththroughinfrastructureupgradeseffortstostreamlinethebureaucracyandespeciallytaxincentives.Forinstanceprivateinvestorsreceivea150percenttaxallowanceforprojectsthatpromotelocalculture.TrinidadandTobagoistheonlyCaribbeancountrytoprovidecashincentivestofilmmakersandevidencesuggeststheapproachisworking.Inthecaseofthe2013independentfilmHomeAgainCanadianfilmmakersJenniferHolnessandSudzSutherlandwantedtofilminJamaicawheretheirstorywasset.ButtheyabandonedtheideainfavouroffilminginTrinidadafternegotiatinga35percentrebate.Trinidadbenefitedfromabout1millionthefilmcrewspentonfoodaccommodationsandlocationservicesaswellasemploymentoflocalsasextras.Newinstitutionsarealsobeingcreatedtocourtandguideinvestors.In2013theformationofTrinidadandTobagoCreativeIndustriesCompanyCreativeTTforshortmergedexistingentitiesintoasingleplatformslatedtosupportfurtherdevelopmentofthefilmfashionandmusicindustriesaswellasthecountrysannualCarnival.LikewiseinvesTTasubsidiaryoftheMinistryofTradeIndustryandInvestmentcreatedin2011facilitatesinvestmentinthenon-oilsectors.Theyprovidestart-upassistanceandsolutionsforinvestorslookingtoestablishorexpandtheirbusinessinTrinidadandTobago.Alreadytherearesignsofprogress.From2011to2014TrinidadandTobagojumpedfrom88thontheWorldBanksEaseofDoingBusinessindexto66th.TradeMinisterVasantBharathwantsthecountrytobeinthetop50bytheendofthisyear.ThemessageisclearTrinidadandTobagoisinvestment-ready.Alreadyapowerfulforceintheoilandgasmarketthecountryisdeeplycommittedtospurringgrowthinthecreativeindustries.WithaccomplishedmusiciansandfashiondesignersmakinginternationalheadlinesnottomentionaCarnivalthathasinspiredsimilarcelebrationsaroundtheworldinvestorswilldowelltolookatTrinidadandTobagoasaplaceofopportunities.QueensRoyalCollegeTrinidadsmostprestigiousschoolPortofSpainTrinidadandTobago KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE9May-August201439kreolCulture KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE9May-August2014kreolCulture40 KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE9May-August201441kreolCultureFrancophoneisthecommontermusedtodescribepeoplearoundtheglobethatspeaktheFrenchlanguage.LaFrancophonieisanorganizationdevotedtothepromotionoftheFrenchlanguageasaninternationallanguagebutalsoexiststodeepentheconnectionbetweenthevariousculturesthatrelyuponFrenchasamothertongue.ThispiecelooksatLaFrancophoniesmissionaroundtheglobe.SeeksImprovementsAroundtheWorldrancophonieFLa KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE9May-August2014kreolCulture42TheworldcouldbeforgivenforassumingthatthemissionoftheOrganisationInternationaledeLaFrancophonieOIFwastopreserveandpromotetheFrenchlanguagearoundtheglobeafterallthetermFrancophoneisusedinternationallytodescribethosewhousetheFrenchlanguageasamothertongue.ThemissionoftheIOFishowevermuchbroaderanddeeperthanthesharedlanguageofitsmemberstates.Formedafteraconventionof21memberstatesin1970theoriginalAgencyforCulturalandTechnicalCooperationcommonlyreferredtoasLaFrancophoniewascreatedasanintergovernmentalgrouptohelppromotecoordinatedeffortsonanumberofmattersthataffectedFrenchspeakingcountriesandregionsaroundtheglobe.WhilethesharedcommonlanguageofFrenchconnectedtheseoriginalmemberstatesthegoalwastoincreaseculturalconnectivitycooperationandadvancementamongthememberstatesonalevelthatwouldbenefitthegreaterworld.DuringitsfourplusdecadesofexistenceLaFrancophoniehasgrowntoinclude77membersrepresentingtheworldsfivecolonizedcontinentswithmembersstretchingfromFrancetoCanadaSoutheastAsiaAfricaandtheMiddleEast.CurrentlyLaFrancophonieboasts57memberstatesandgovernmentsaswellas20observerstates.OnaMissionforGoodTheorganisationwasformedtoenhancethebondofnationsandculturesaroundtheglobethatsharedtheFrenchlanguageandembracedthehumanistvaluesoftheFrenchlanguage.Representingover890millioncitizensworldwideincluding220millionfrancophonesthestatedgoalofLaFrancophonieistoorganisepoliticalactivitiesandactionsofmultilateralcooperationthatbenefitFrench-speakingpopulations.ItsactionsrespectculturalandlinguisticdiversityandservetopromotetheFrenchlanguagepeaceandsustainabledevelopment.ForLaFrancophoniethismeanshelpingorganiseandfundprojectsaroundtheglobetopromoteeconomicgrowthsustainabledevelopmenteducationinitiativesandculturalimprovement.OvertheyearsLaFrancophoniehasfoundsuccessoneachcontinentitoperatesonandcontinuesthatmissiontoday.CulturalandLinguisticDiversityWithoutquestiontheprimarymissionofLaFrancophonieistopromotetheFrenchlanguageasaninternationallanguageduringthistimeofglobalisationwhilestillpromotingculturalandlinguisticdiversity.Aseconomicglobalisationhasincreasedinthe21stcenturysotoohasthedrivetowardsuniformitythatoftenthreatensnativeculturesandlanguageswithmarginalisation.AsaresultLaFrancophonieandallofitsmemberstatesactivelyworktopromotenotjusttheFrenchlanguagebutalsothepreservationofculturalandlinguisticidentitiesinthefaceofglobalisation.DespitesuccessesthegroupfacesuphillbattlesstillamongstmembernationsfromAfricainparticularwheretheFrenchlanguagecoexistsalongsidetribalandnativetongues.membrenationalrgionalmembreasociobservateurmembresuspenduMapoftheOrganisationinternationaledelaFrancophonie.PhotoBourrichonCurrentlyLaFrancophonieboastsworldwide57memberstatesand20observerstates KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE9May-August201443kreolCultureInthesesettingsLaFrancophoniestrivestopromotesolidarityatthenationallevelwhilehelpinggovernmentsfindwaysofpreservingnativetonguesinamannerthatallowsvariouslanguagestocoexistwithFrench.PeaceandHumanRightsAscountlessinternationalincidentsinthepastthreedecadeshaveshownpoliticalinstabilityputstheidealofpeaceinharmswayandcanquicklyleadtohumanrightsviolationsthatmarginalisesegmentsofthepopulationorevenleadtogenocide.LaFrancophonieworkstirelesslywithmemberstatestopromotedemocracystabilitypeaceandobservanceofhumanrights.InordertoachievethisgoalLaFrancophoniemakesavailabletoallofitsmemberstatesnotonlythefinancialmeanstotacklepoliticalandhumanrightsinitiativesbutalsotheknowledgetocreatesustainablegrowthintheseareas.Thisincludesprovidingmemberstateswithaccesstointergovernmentalinstitutionalandacademicnetworksthatprovidetheknowledgetoassistinimprovingnationalcapacitiesmaintainingpoliticalstabilityandresolvingconflictswithafocusonsustainableresults.EducationTrainingandResearchPartoftheorganisationsprimarymissiontopromoteandpreserveFrenchandnativetonguesamongitsmembernationsLaFrancophoniehasastrongfocusonprovidingeducationtrainingandresearchtoallcitizensacrossitsmembernations.Thismeansnotjustaccesstoprimaryeducationforchildrenbuttheabilitytoimproveeducationalsystemstrainingforcareersandresearchtoadvancenationalandculturalinitiatives.ArecentexampleofthisworkwouldbetheFrancophoneInitiativeforLong-DistanceTeacherTraining.Thepilotphasefortheprogrammewaslaunchedin2008infourmemberstatesBeninBurundiHaitiandMadagascarandfeaturedInternetaccessforhundredsofprimaryschoolteachersinordertoenhancethequalityofmaterialsavailablefortrainingteachers.SinceitspilotphasetheprogrammehasgrownfromitsfourpilotnationstoprovideevenmorecomputersandInternetaccesstonowthousandsofteachers.TheprojecthasexpandedtoincludetheDemocraticRepublicofCongoasaparticipant.SustainableGrowthandDevelopmentLastbutcertainlynotleastitisthegroupsmissiontohelpmemberstateswithsustainablegrowthanddevelopmentmeasures.LaFrancophonieisdeeplyinvolvedinpromotinganti-povertyandresourcepreservationandmanagementinitiativesamongitsmemberstateswiththestatedgoalofensuringthatdevelopmentandgrowtheconomicandotherwiseisachievedthroughsustainablemeans.AmongmemberstatesinAfricadesertificationasaresultofpoorlandmanagementisagreatconcern.Withoutproperlandmanagementinitiativesexhaustedlandcanfailtoholdbacktheadvanceofthedesertandrobmemberstatesofusablelandforcropgrowth.LaFrancophoniesSustainableLandManagementandDesertificationPartnershipisonesuchinitiative.AspartofalargereconomicdevelopmentprojectLaFrancophonieseekstoaidmemberstatesinfocusingoneconomicanddevelopmentinitiativesthathavethepropergovernanceinplacetoensurelandmanagementforcropuseandgrowththatissustainable.GalatasarayUniversityTurkeyistheonlyFrancophoneUniversityinTurkey.PhotoMeunierd KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE9May-August2014kreolCulture44IanHancockTheAfro-SeminolesexasTCreolesin KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE9May-August201445kreolCultureSanAntoniodowntownjustaftersunsetshowingskylinearoundToweroftheAmericascitylights KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE9May-August2014kreolCulture46TheHistoricaldemographyofTexasManytimeslargerthanmostEuropeancountriesandhavingbeengovernedbysixdifferentnationsacrossitshistorytotheworldatlargeTexasislockedintothepopularHollywoodperceptionofcowboysandoilwellmillionaires.CertainlybothcanbefoundtherethoughtheoldwesternmoviesthatfosteredsuchanimageweremostlyfilmedinthecountrysidearoundLosAngeles.Eighthundredmiles1287kmacrossTexashugelandscaperangesfromcoastalislandstoforeststodesertstocanyonsandmountainranges.Ithasbeensettledoverthecenturiesbyawidevarietyofpeoplesspeakingdifferentoflanguages.TheBalconesFaultrunsinasouthwesterlydirectionacrossthestateandeffectivelydividesitintwobothgeographicallyandethnicallyEuropeansespeciallyGermansandCzechshavesettledmostlyincentralTexastheHispanicpopulationincreasesasonetravelsWestwhiletheAfricanAmericanpopulationisgreaterintheeasternhalfwhereTexasbiggestcitiesarelocated.TheCreoleLanguagesofTexasTexaswasaslave-holdingstate.WikipedialistsitasthewesternmostextensionoftheDeepSouthwherethepredominantculturalinfluencecomesfromcustomsandtraditionspasseddownfromAngloandAfricanSouthernerswhosettledtheregionduringthemidandlate19thCentury.Thespeechthefoodfolkloreandmusicareallsouthernyetflavouredwithinfluencesfromotherimmigrantgroupsthatsetsitapartfromeveryothersouthernstate.TheaccordionforinstancesomuchapartofLouisianazydecoandMexicanconjuntomusicwasintroducedbytheGermansandCzechs.AmongtheextensiveethnicmixcanbefoundcommunitiesspeakingtwoCreolelanguagesonelexifiedfromEnglishtheotherfromFrench.Thelatteriscommonlythecaseinsouth-eastTexasespeciallyintheregionknownastheGoldenTrianglethetownsofBeaumontOrangeandPortArthurandinHoustonsThirdWardwheremanyCreolespeakersfromLouisianahavesettled.LouisianaCreoleFrenchknownvariouslyasKuri-ViniorNguehashadalong-standingpresenceinthestate.SharingacommonborderithasbeenarefugeforAfro-Louisianansforvariousreasonssocialaswellasweather-related.Thefloodsintheearly1920sandmorerecentlyKatrinahavebroughtthousandsofpeopleintosouth-easternTexasovertheyears.TheLouisianaFrenchCreoleshavealreadybeenintroducedinearlierissuesofKreolthisarticlefocusesonthehistoryandlanguageoftheBlackSeminoles.ThisiscalledbyitsspeakersShiminoliorMaskogoandwhichisreferredtointheliteratureasAfro-Seminole.LiketheGarifunainBelizeandHondurastheTexasSeminolesaregeneticallyofAfricandescentbutethnicallyAmericanIndian.BesidesthesetwoTexasCreolesthereareacoupleofotherlanguagesthatareorwerespokenandwhichwarrantpassingmention.TheyincludethenowextinctMobiliantradelanguagealsoknownasYamandYoka-Anompa.ThiswasapidginoriginatinginanumberofindigenouslanguagesspokenacrosstheSouthespeciallyChoctawChickasawandKwasatitogetherwithwordsfromtheFrenchEnglishandSpanishofthewhites.ThereisdisagreementastowhetheritexistedbeforetheEuropeansarrivaloronlyemergedsubsequently.ItisnolongerspokenbutservedasalinguafrancaextendingfromAlabamatoTexasthroughoutthenineteenthcentury.ItsurvivesintherefrainchakamofinohheardintheDixieCupsMardiGrassongIkoIkoandwhichmeansverygoodheyOnesourceforthislanguageisCrawford1978.KeepingtheCreoleLanguagesofTexaspureAlsoreferredtoasaCreolethoughincorrectlybyGonzales1967isthenebulousphenomenoncalledvariouslyTex-MexSpanglishorPachuco.ItisthelocalSpanishwithmanylexicaladoptionsandcalquesfromEnglishestoyparquiandolatrocaImparkingthetruck.ButregardlessofitsvocabularythegrammarisSpanishnotMassacreoftheWhitesbytheIndiansandBlacksinFloridaengravingbyD.F.Blanchardforan1836accountoftheDadeMassacreattheoutsetoftheSecondSeminoleWar183542.Texashasbeengovernedbysixdifferentnationsacrossitshistory KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE9May-August201447kreolCultureCreoleandthissentenceisnodifferentfromtheEnglishequivalentwhichitselfusestwoimportsfromFrenchtroquerparc.ThislatterstatementisimportantCreolesareoftencalledmixedlanguagesbutofcoursealllanguagesaremixedmakingthecriterionauniversaloneandthusnotoneofanyspecialrelevancetoCreolesinparticular.Mixingismostevidentinvocabularyanditistheuseofforeignwordsthatcomesmostreadilyunderattack.Tex-MexisregardedasnotbeingproperSpanishandthosewhosaysowillbringupwordssuchasparquiandoandtrocatomaketheirpoint.WhythisbringscriticismwhentherearemoreFrenchwordsinEnglishthanthereareEnglishonesinSpanishhastodowithtwothingstimeandstatus.FrenchwordsenteredEnglishcenturiesagoanddistancehaslentforgetfulnessandthuslegitimacybycomparisonEnglishwordshavebeenadoptedintoTex-Mexmuchmorerecently.Thesecondfactorthesocialstatusofthespeakersisrootedinhistory.Whenapopulationhasbeenmarginalizedanddenieditsdignityoveralongperiodoftimethenthelanguageitspeaksissimilarlydevalued.ThishasbeentrueofSpanish-speakingAmericansandithasalsobeentrueofCreolespeakersandtheirlanguagesthoughthankfullythisischanging.ThisisdueinparttopoliticalchangeandindependencefromcolonialruleinCreole-speakingHaitiCuraaoSierraLeoneandJamaicaforexampleandalsoinparttotheincreasedacademicattentionbeingpaidtosuchlanguagesparticularlytherecognitionoftheirimportancetolinguistictheoryespeciallyasitrelatestolanguageacquisition.TheexistencenowofdictionariesandgrammarsandschoolbooksinCreolelanguagesbringslegitimacyandauthenticitytolanguageswhichfortoomanyoftheirspeakershavebeenregardedasungrammaticalandbroken.Suchattitudesareinlargeparttheresultofbeingtoldthesethingsbynon-Creolespeakingteachersduringthecolonialperiodandinternalizingthem.Ifthosewhohavepowerandwealthtellusourlanguageisincorrecttheymustberightandifwearetosucceedinlifethenwemustfixthewaywespeaktobemorelikethem.ButtheresponsetothechargethatCreolesareungrammaticalissimpleitiseasytospeakanyCreolelanguageincorrectly.Thereforetheymusthaverulesarightandawrongwaytospeakthem.TheAfro-SeminoleCreoleexistencedeniedSadlyformanypeoplethesenegativefeelingsarestillthere.TheyhaveaffectedthetransmissionoftheAfro-SeminoleCreolediscussedinthisarticle.ExistenceoftheSeminoleslanguagewaskeptfromoutsidersuntil1976andforthepasttwogenerationsparentshaventpassedthelanguageonforthereasonsgivenabove.Todayitispracticallyextincttheremaybefewerthan200peoplewhospeakitallofwhomareelderly.ApacheChiefCostelitosTeresitaandunidentifiedBlackSeminolewoman.PhotocourtesyDaughtersoftheRepublicofTexasAbrahamaBlackSeminoleleaderfromN.Orrsengravingpublishedin1848inTheOriginProgressandConclusionoftheFloridaWarbyJohnT.Sprague1848An1850sdrawingofaFloridadelegationconsistingofSeminolesandBlackSeminoles.PhotoFloridastatearchivesCommunitiesareoundspeakingtwocreolelanguagesonelexifedromEnglishtheotherromFrench KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE9May-August2014kreolCulture48TheOriginsofAfro-SeminoleCreoleAfro-SeminoleisanearlyoffshootfromGullahalsocalledGeecheeorSeaIslandsCreolespokenalongthecoastandespeciallytheoffshoreislandsofSouthCarolinaGeorgiaandnorthernFlorida.TheretheGullahlanguageisdisappearingtoobutnotbecauseitisntbeingpassedalongtothenextgenerationinthewaythatAfro-SeminoleisbeinglostitisbeingdilutedoutofexistencebytheEnglishthatnowsurroundsit.Aprocesscreolistscallmetropolitanization.Gullahtextsfromacenturyagoe.g.intheworksofA.GonzalesorJonesreflectaGullahthatisnolongerheardalongtheAtlanticseaboard.ItisheardinTexashoweverandbyacommunityinnorthernMexicosome200milesawayanduntilthemid-20thcenturyinOklahomatoo.TounderstandtheoriginsofAfro-SeminoleCreoleonemustfirstlookattheoriginsofGullah.DuringtheAtlanticslavetradetheBritishtookmostoftheirAfricancaptivestoBarbadoswhichtheysettledin1627beforedistributingthemtotheirotherCrowncolonies.ThisincludedCarolinawhichwasfoundedin1670thoughafter1698slaveswerebeingbroughtinmoreandmorefromAfricadirectly.CarolinaoriginallycoveredahugeareawhichevenincludedmuchofwhatistodayFlorida.GeorgiawasthenCreekIndiancountryandwasfreeterritory.Whenitbecameacolonyin1732itimmediatelytriedtoprohibitslaverybutbecauseofpressurefromCarolinawasunsuccessful.GeorgiainitiallypurchaseditsownslavesfromCarolinabutafter1749begantoimportthemfromtheWestIndies.NeverthelessslavescontinuedtocomeintobothCarolinaandGeorgiadirectlyfromAfricainlargenumberssignificantlyfromtheUpperGuineaCoast.Between1701and1808importsfromAfricaintoCarolinawereasfollowsfromSierraLeoneandTheGambia76000fromGhana28000fromLiberia19000fromBenin4000andfromBiafra23000andintoGeorgiabetween1766and1858fromSierraLeoneandTheGambia12000fromLiberia2200fromGhana3800andfromthecentralcoast5800.ThusforeachcolonythetotalsforSierraLeoneandTheGambiawheretheAnglophoneCreoleKrioisspokentobepresentedinalaterissueofKreolexceededthetotalsforallotherregionscombined.InthebookTheAfricanistPaulHair196581-82observedthatfromthesefiguresitcanhardlybedoubtedthatSierraLeonelanguageshavemadeamajorcontributiontotheAfricanismsintheGullahdialect...weknowofnowhereelseinAmericawheretheinfluenceofSierraSeminolefamilyofCypressTigerattheircampnearKendallFlorida1916.PhotographerBotanistJohnKunkelSmall1869-1938.Leonelanguagescanbetracedtoanythinglikethisextent.AccordingtoGullahspecialistSalikokoMufwene199711theperiodbetween1720and1750wasthecriticalstageintheemergenceofGullahasadistinctAfricanAmericanvarietythecrucialperiodofitsformationalsoagreeduponbyOpala1986.Howmuchthe18thcenturyWestAfricanpidginorCreolethateventuallybecameKrioalsoplayedapartintheoriginsofGullahisaquestionstillbeingdebatedbycreolistsandhistorians.BothBlackandNativeAmericanescapeesfromtheEnglishplantationsinthe17thand18thcenturywereabletofindrefugeinSpanishFlorida.TheywereallowedtoestablishautonomouscommunitiesaroundSt.AugustineandwheretheywereknownascimarronestheoriginofthewordSeminolesandwhichmeansroughlyfugitives.Alreadyby1821therewere34SeminolesettlementsinnorthernFloridathreeofwhichwereAfrican.AccordingtoGiddings18583thewordSeminolewasfirstusedtorefertotheBlackescapeesintoFloridaandwasonlylaterappliedbytheCreekstotheIndianfugitives.Theynumberedanestimated7000andwerewelcomedbytheSpanishgovernmentsincetheyservedasabufferbetweenthemselvesandthenewly-createdUnitedStates.In1817GeneralAndrewJacksonandhisarmyweresenttonorthernFloridatosubduetherebelliousSeminolesandseizethelandkillinglivestockburningcropsanddestroyingtheBlackfortsalongtheApalachicolaandSuwanneeRivers.OneofthedraftersandsignersoftheConstitutionoftheUnitedStatescomplainedaboutthenumbersofslavesescapingfromSouthCarolinaintoFloridawhichbythenhadbecomeU.S.territory.AtthattimeslaverywasstilllegalandraidstocapturefreeAfricanscreatedconsiderableproblemsforthegovernorinhiseffortstodevelopthenewterritory.ThereasonsfortheSeminolediasporaTheSeminoleWarsinthe1830swerebloodyconflictsthatledtothemassremovalofSeminolestoIndianTerritoryinwhatistodayOklahoma.GroupsofBlackSeminolesleftFloridaforotherplacesaswellsomewenttotheBahamassomereportedlytoTheexistenceoftheSeminolelanguagewaskeptfromoutsidersuntil1976In1817GeneralAndrewJacksonwassenttonorthernFloridatosubduetherebelliousSeminoles KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE9May-August201449kreolCultureGuanabacoainCubaandotherswereinvitedtostaywiththeCherokee.Onlyabout300SeminolesalmostallofthemIndiansremainedinFloridawheretheyhadbeengrantedfivemillionacresoflandfurthersouthintheEverglades.In1849someoftheOklahomaSeminolesappliedtotheMexicangovernmentforpermissiontogoandliveinthatcountrypossiblybecausetheybelievedtheywouldbemoreathomeinaHispanicenvironmentandperhapscouldspeakSpanish.HoweverthemainreasonfortherequestwasthatalmostassoonastheyhadarrivedinIndianTerritorytheUSgovernmentdeclaredthemlegallytobeslaveswhileslaveryhadalreadybeenabolishedinMexicosometwentyyearsbefore.Agroupofabout500BlackandIndianSeminolesleftOklahomainthelatefallof1849crossingTexaswheretheywerejoinedbytwohundredKickapooIndiansintheBrazosriverValleynearWacoandcrossingintoCoahuilaMexicoinJuly1850.AtfirsttheBlackSeminolessettledinMoralnotfarfromtheTexasborderwhiletheIndianSeminolessettledseparatelyatLaNavajaandtheKickapooatGuererro.LatertheBlackSeminolesmovedahundredmilesfurtherintoMexicotoMusquizsoonafterthatmovingafewmilesawaytoElNacimientodelosNegroswithafewfamiliesgoinginsteadtoMatamoros.TheKickapoomovedtothenearbycolonyofElNacimientodelosIndiosbutpracticallyalloftheIndianSeminolesdecidedtoreturntoOklahoma.InMexicotheBlackSeminolesmetanotherCreole-speakinggroupwhowerealreadythere.TheseweretheBlackCreekwholiketheAfro-SeminoleswereoriginallyAfricanswhohadbecomeacculturatedtotheIndianstheylivedwithwithoutlosingtheirCreolelanguage.TheyweretheAfricanswholivedwiththeUpperCreekinGeorgiaandwhohadalsobeensentWesttoIndianterritory.WhiletheAfro-SeminoleswholivedwiththeLowerCreekandothersinFloridaleftTampaBaybyboatforNewOrleansandtraveledtoIndianTerritoryviatheMississippiRivertheBlackCreekreachedOklahomaoverland.TheywerebroughttoCoahuilaandlefttherebytheirIndianownerswhohadbeennegotiatingforlandforthemsince1834.Inadditiontothesetwogroupsthecommunitywasalsobeingjoinedbystate-raisedmenandwomenescapingfromslaveryinTexasviaanundergroundrailroadleadingsouthintoMexico.SuchfamiliesastheGordonsandtheShieldsdescendfromthesefugitives.TheAmericanGovernmentsbetrayaloftheSeminolesIn1870followingnegotiationswithMexicotheAmericangovernmentsentUSCavalryCaptainFranklinPerrytoNacimientotorecruittheSeminolesbecauseoftheirreputationasfightersandbecauseoftheirfamiliaritywithNativeAmericanstocomeandhelptheUSArmydrivethePlainstribesoutofWestTexassothatsettlementtherewouldbelessofaproblemfortheWhites.TheSeminolesagreedandgarrisonedthemselvesundertheleadershipofGeneralBullisinFortDuncanatEaglePassinMaverickCountyandFortClarkatBrackettvilleinKinneyCountyinsouthTexas.TheyweresuccessfulandcontinuedtoservetheUnitedStatesuntiltheyweredischargedin1914.TheywereneverinformedoftheirrightsasAmericanIndiansandlaterattemptstobeincludedontheSeminoleRegisterandtoobtainlandoftheirownwereignored.Woodhull1937127wroteThescoutshavebeendisbandedandtheirfamilieshavebeenmovedofftheReservationatFortClark.TheyarenotentitledtoconsiderationasIndiansbecausetheydidnotregisterundersomeprovisionofCongressofwhichtheyknewnothingandtheygetnoconsiderationasNegroes.In1992membersoftheTexasSeminolesandtheSeaIslandGullahswerereunitedforthefirsttimein166yearsattheThirdBiennialNationalBlackArtsFestivalinAtlantaGeorgia.OnSeptember16th2007adelegationfromOklahomaledbyRepresentativeAngelaMoletteTuscaloosaOhoyoofficiallyconfirmedtheBlackSeminolesastheUnitedWarriorBandoftheSeminoleNationoneoftheso-calledFiveCivilizedTribesinaceremonyinBrackettvilleTexasatwhichSeminoleNegroIndianScoutAssociationPresidentWilliamWarriorwassworninastribalchief.SeminoleIndianScouts.JohnKibbettswascommissionedasergeantatFortDuncanandtenBlackSeminolesenlistedasprivates.BlackSeminolesScouts.CimarronesistheoriginofthewordSeminolesandwhichmeansroughlyFugitives. KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE9May-August2014kreolCulture50TheIndianOceanMusicMarketShinesaLightonMusicAcrosstheRegionCollaborationandpromotionarethebesttoolsforhelpingspreadculturalbeautyacrossnationalandinternationalborders.TheindanOceanMuscMarketiOMMAbelganthreeyearsagowiththegoalofpromotingCreolemusicacrossnationallinesintheIndianOceanandacrossinternationalborderstoreachCreoleculturesinotherpartsoftheworld.ThispiecelooksatIOMMAsfoundinggoalspartnershipsandmoreasitseekstotakeCreolemusicalgenresglobal. KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE9May-August201451kreolCultureWhenitcomestonationswithaloudandproudapproachtonativeculturalmusicmostpeoplearoundtheworldthinkofthelivelyCaribbeanislandnationofJamaica.SteeldrumsReggaeandboisterousfestivalsarecommonplaceinJamaica.AsaresultitishardtoimaginethereisaplacethatcanrivalJamaicasfestiveatmosphere.TuckedawayintheIndianOceanhoweverthesmallislandofLaReunionhasthemusicalpowertochallengeJamaicasprowess.Inorderforculturalmusictotakeholdandbecomenoticedaroundtheglobethoughitrequiresthehardworkanddedicationofaselectfewwhobelievethathiddengemsshouldbesharedwiththewiderworld.TheIndianOceanMusicMarketIOMMAwascreatedin2010toservethatexactpurpose.IOMMAsBeginningsandInspirationCreolecultureisoneofthemostuniqueonplanetEarth.IncountriesaroundtheglobethereareCreoleculturesthatnotonlysharecommonalitiesacrossthousandsofmilesbutalsohavetheirownqualitiesthatmakethemunique.IOMMAwasstartedin2010tohelpbringtogetherCreolemusiciansthroughouttheregionestablishingaconnectionbetweenCreolesontheAfricanmainlandwiththoselocatedthroughouttheIndianOceanandasfarawayasAustralia.TheinspirationbehindthefoundingofIOMMAwasthepromotionofoneofCreoleculturesgreatestcharacteristicsuniquemusicandthelocalmusiciansresponsibleforitscreation.IOMMAhostsanannualconferenceandnumerouspaneldiscussionseachyearaimedattacklingproblemsfacingCreolemusicians.IssuesIOMMAworkstomeetheadonincludethepromotionoflocalmusicandmusiciansculturalcooperationbetweenthecountriesoftheIndianOceanregionorganizingfestivalsandtoursandchallengesinexpandingthegrowthofdifferentgenressuchasjazzorelectro.ThespecificgoalsofIOMMAincludethefollowinglongtermobjectivesDevelopingaregionalnetworkconnectingartistsandprofessionalsinthemusicindustrythroughouttheIndianOcean.HostingseminarstrainingsessionsandthegeneralexchangeofprofessionalexpertiseamongstthoseintheIndianOceanmusicindustry.HelplocalandregionalmusiciansgrowtheirnetworksthroughouttheIndianOceanandaroundtheglobe.AchievingitsGoalsVisioncanonlytakeaprogrammesofaratsomepointthereneedstobeaclearroadmapforachievinggoalsinordertoconsiderIOMMAsmissionaccomplished.InordertomeetitsgoalsIOMMAworkstocreatealevelplayingfieldformusiciansfromCreoleculturesbothlargeandsmallacrossallgenresofmusicwhetheritismodernortraditional.IOMMAworkstoachieveitsgoalsthroughthreemeansconferencesandworkshopsone-on-onesandshowcases.TheorganizationhostsconferencesandworkshopsonaregularbasisaimedatputtingapanelofmusicprofessionalsinfrontofissuesfacingtheindustryandworkingtoproposesolutionstotheproblemsfacingthegrowthofIndianOceanmusic.OccasionallyIOMMAwillalsosponsorone-on-onetimeforartistswithmusicprofessionalsfromdifferentregionsoftheworld.Artistsandlocalmusicprofessionalsgetalimitedamountoftimetositface-to-facewithproducersmanagersandotherprofessionalstogainperspectiveonthe2013IOMMAparticipants.PhotoFatch KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE9May-August2014kreolCulture52industryandpickupknowledgethatcanhelpguidetheircareers.FinallyIOMMAwillalsoarrangeorparticipateinshowcaseeventssuchasconcertsormusicfestivalstogivelocalandregionalartistsanopportunitytodisplaytheirtalentsonstage.IOMMAatSakifoMusicFestival2013WorldmusicandjazzwereatthecentreofatremendousmonthforCreolemusicduringJune2013onReunionIsland.IOMMAhelditsthirdannualconferencealongsidethe10thannualSakifoMusicFestival.ThetwoeventsdrewnotjustmusiciansandartistmanagersbutalsofestivalorganizersrecordlabelsandmediafromvariouscountriesbothnearSeychellesMauritiusandAustraliaandfarUnitedKingdomUnitedStatesandFrance.InadditiontojazzandworldmusicactsSakifo2013SakifoisCreoleforthisiswhatyouneedfeaturedperformersfromvariousgenresincludingmaloyafusionreggae-rockfunkbluesMauritiussegaandelectro-folk.OverthecourseofthreedaysIOMMAsponsoredpaneldiscussionsduringwhichindustryprofessionalsaddressedissuessuchaspromotinglocalmusicandofferedworkshopsonhowartistscanusedigitaltoolstopromotetheirmusic.RepresentativesfromnumerousotherCreolemusicfestivalsincludingthosefromCapeTownInternationalJazzFestivalSouthAfricaMadajazzcarMadagascarandAustralasiaWorldMusicExpoAustraliagottogetherattheeventtoshareviewpointsoneventprogrammingandpromotion.Intotaltheeventspanned10daysandwasspreadthroughoutcitiesonReunion.IOMMAdirectorJeromeGalabertandhisteammanagedtobringtogetherover250localandinternationalrepresentativesfromthemusicindustryaswellas20differentmusicalgroupsfromaroundtheworldfortheevent.Althoughitwasjustthe3rdeditionofIOMMAsannualconferencepositivesignsaboundforthefutureofCreolemusicinsideandbeyondtheIndianOceanregion.IOMMAandKreolMagazineHopetoCollaborateAswithanysuccessfulprogramIOMMAwilldependuponcollaborationwithoutsidepartnerstohelpspreaditsmessageandreachabroaderfanbase.ItisherewhereKreolMagazinehopestostepinandworkwithIOMMAtopromoteitsgoalstofansofCreolemusicaroundtheglobe.SinceitsinceptionKreolMagazinehassoughttobringthebeatoftheCreoleworldtoawideraudience.WithfeaturepiecesonthelifestylehistorycuisineplacesandpeoplethatmakeuptheCreoleworldKreolMagazinehasworkedhardtobuildaconnectionbetweenCreolepeoplefromdifferentcornersoftheglobe.KreolMagazineseditorGeorginaDhillonwasinattendanceatIOMMAs2013conferenceinhopesofbuildingagreatercollaborationbetweenthetwoorganisations.WithitsglobalreadershipreachandspecificfocusontheCreolecultureKreolMagazineisperfectlypositionedtohelppromoteartistsgenresandeventsfromthemusicsceneintheIndianOceantotheworldwideCreoleandnon-Creolecommunities.PhotosFatchPhotograph UNSPOILT.UNMATCHED.IAMIamawelcomingsmile.Inspiringvistasunfoldingateveryturn.IamWaterfallsemeraldpoolsandboilinglake.Iamowershowsliteraryfestivalsandcelebrationsofourindependence.Hikinganddivingfests.CarnivalandCreolemusic.Iamdeepinheritageandrichinculture.Iamnativeandnatural.Unspoiltandunmatched.IamtherealCaribbean.IAMDOMINICA.AREYOUwww.DiscoverDominica.comTollfree08000121467 54KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE9May-August2014kreolTravelThirtyyearsonaiMValledeSincethearrivaloftheearlyexplorerstotheSeychellestheValledeMaihasinspiredwonderandamazement.NamedtheGardenofEdenbyGeneralGordonin1881thisprehistoricforesthaslongbeenaplaceofdiscoveryandadventure. KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE9May-August201455kreolTravelSeychellesnumberonevisitorattractionavisittotheValledeMaiislikeastepbackintimetoaworldwheredinosaursroamedtheearth.PartofaglobalnetworkofnaturalandculturalheritagesitesundertheumbrellaofUNESCOUnitedNationsEducationalScientificandCulturalOrganisationthemajesticValledeMaiwasrecognisedasanareathatneededprotectionasearlyas1966whenitwasdeclaredanaturereservebytheSeychellesgovernment.2013wasahistoricyearfortheValledeMaiwhenitcelebratedits30thanniversaryasaUNESCOWorldHeritageSiteon9thDecember.SeychellesIslandsFoundationSIFapublictrustmanagesbothSeychellesUNESCOWorldHeritageSitestheValledeMaiandAldabraAtollandtheValledeMaihasbeenundertheprotectionofSIFsince1989.KnownastheGreenHeartofPraslinIslandtheValledeMaihasliterallysteppedoutoftheshadowsinthepastthirtyyears.Fromitssmallbeginningswithjustafewguidesandsmallshelterthesitenowhasnearly40staffandanextensivevisitorcentre.AlthoughfamedfortheCocodeMerandBlackParrotthatarefoundtherethisancientforestssecretsarestartingtobeunearthedwithongoingresearchfindingmanytreasures.In2009anewspeciesoffrogwasInsidethemysteriousandtoweringforestoftheValledeMaiSeychelles.PhotoCMason-Parker 56KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE9May-August2014kreolTraveltOneoftheworldsrarestreptilestheGiantBronzeGecko.PhotoLChong-SengTheSeychellesChameleonrediscoveredafternearly200years.PhotoBKochuncoveredintheValledeMaiwhichoccursonlyontheislandofPraslin.Inthesameyearaforgottenspeciesofchameleonthatwaslosttosciencefornearly200yearswasre-discoveredintheforest.OneofthelargestgeckospeciesintheworldtheGiantBronzeGeckowasdescribedjusttenyearsagoandisfoundonlyinthispalmforestmakingitoneoftheworldsrarestreptiles.Inadditiontothisanarrayofplantsandanimalshasbeenstudiedincreasingtheknowledgeofthemanyuniquespeciesthatmakeupthismysteriouspalmforest.WorkinginclosecollaborationwithsomeoftheworldsforemostinstitutionshasmeantthattodatetheValledeMaihashosted10MasterofScienceresearchers2PhDstudents2post-doctoralresearchersandpublished5scientificpapers.TherehavebeenmanyachievementsoverthepastthirtyyearsbutdespitethistheValledeMaiisstillindanger.PoachingofthebeautifulandvaluableCocodeMernutsputsthefutureregenerationoftheforestinperilandendemicplantspeciesfightforspacewithvirulentinvasiveplantsthatthreatenthenativebiodiversityofthesite.FirmactionhasbeentakenagainstthesedangerswithanECfundedprojecttacklingtheinvasiveplantPoachingothebeautiulandvaluableCocodeMernutsputstheutureregenerationotheorestinperilandendemicplantspeciesfghtorspacewithvirulentinvasiveplantsthatthreatenthenativebiodiversityothesite. KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE9May-August201457kreolTravelTheendemicCocodeMersymbolofSeychelles.PhotoAurelienandVeroniqueBrusiniTheSeychellesBlackParrot.PhotoPWoodsIn2009thevisitorcentrewasredevelopedthisishowitstandsnow.PhotoCMason-ParkerAnimportantsourceofwaterforthePraslincommunitytheValledeMaihasaspectacularwaterfall.PhotoAurelienandVeroniqueBrusinispeciesandanexpandedenvironmentaleducationprogrammeskillingtheconservationistsofthefuture.WithenhancedvisitorservicesandeffectiveconservationmanagementtheValledeMaihasbecomeaworldclasstouristattraction.Thishasbroughtsocio-economicbenefitstothetourismindustryonPraslinandcreatedmanyjobs.Withover80000visitorsayearthisforestisnowattractingtheattentionofpeoplefarandwideanditshouldbeonthetodolistofeveryvisitortoSeychelles.WiththirtysuccessfulyearsundertheirbeltwhatnextfortheValledeMaiSIFChiefExecutiveOfficerDrFraukeFleischer-DogleyrepliesWithsucharichwealthofbiodiversitythatweareonlyjustbeginningtounderstandthenextthirtyyearswillbringagreatdealmoreresearcheducationandoutreachactivitiestohelpustoprotectandmanagethesplendourofthisforest.Alongsidethiscollaborativeprojectswiththelocalcommunitywillensurethatthereareforestcustodiansformanyyearstocome.WithenhancedvisitorservicesandeffectiveconservationmanagementtheValledeMaihasbecomeaworldclasstouristattraction. KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE9May-August2014kreolMusic58LutherrancoisFTheGodfatherofJazzinSt.LuciaMilesDavisoncesaidTherearenowrongnotesinjazzonlythenextnoteyouplaywilldetermineifitisrightorwrong.Thatquoteperfectlydescribestheessenceofjazz.Thereisnorightnowrongonlythesouloftheperformercomingoutthroughthemusic.LutherFrancoisisrightlyviewedastheGodfatherofCaribbeanjazzalivingembodimentofthemusicalgenreitself. KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE9May-August201459kreolMusicPhotocourtesywww.stlucianewsonline.com KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE9May-August2014kreolMusic60Whenyoungergenerationsaroundtheworldlookattheirfavoriteartistsfromvariousmusicalgenrestheynodoubtviewonepersonoranotherasthestandardbearerforthatgenre.Alltoooftenhowevercasualmusicenthusiastsandsuper-fansviewaparticularartistastherepresentativeofthatgenresimplybecausetheyarepopularatthemomentorworsejustcontroversialenoughtoalwaysbeinthenews.IntruthinorderforamusiciantobeconsideredatruestandardbeareratrueGodfathertoagenretheyhavetopossessasoulthatseemsasthoughitcouldhavegivenbirthtoverygenreitself.Whenthesecriteriaaretakenintoconsiderationthelistofpeoplethatcouldbeconsideredpioneerstrailblazersandtrendsettersdwindlesrapidly.ForCreoleculturesthroughouttheCaribbeanthemanthatembodiesjazzmusicisLutherFrancois.Inpersonhemightnotbeanoverpoweringfigure.AtallslendergentlemanwithhumbleappearanceandlaidbackstyleoncehepicksupaninstrumentandbeginstoplaythereisnomistakinghimasalegendofjazzmusicintheCaribbeanandaroundtheglobe.FromtheSoilofSt.LuciaLutherRenaldoFrancoiswasborninCastriesontheislandofSt.Luciaon15December1952.UnlikesomeoftodaysmodernmusicalartistsMr.Francoiscompletedhisfullcourseofschoolingasayoungmantobecomeawell-roundedindividualwithanunderstandingofhisartandhisworld.HeattendedMethodistInfantandPrimaryschoolsbeforegraduatingfromSt.MarysCollege.Asayoungmanbothinschoolandafterwardshehadthenaturaltalentandsharpenedabilitytoperformwithavarietyofmusicalinstruments.Theviolinguitarkeyboardanddoublebasswerejustafewoftheinstrumentsthroughwhichhewouldreleasehisloveofjazz.Asafulltimemusicianaftercollegehebegantofocushiseffortsonthesaxophoneandflute.KnowingthathisnaturaltalentandloveofjazzmusiccouldonlygosofarMr.FrancoissoughtagreaterconnectiontothefundamentalsofsomeoftheCreoleculturesgreatestgenresandartists.HewouldspendtwoyearsattheJamaicaSchoolofMusicstudyingthelikesofMelbaListonPeterAshbourneandCedricBrookesandtheircontributionstomusicintheregionaswellasaroundtheglobe.BringingaGenretoLifeBeforeheevenarrivedattheJamaicaSchoolofMusicMr.FrancoishadbegunhisendeavortobringgreatjazzmusictothepeopleofhisnativeSt.Lucia.In1977heperformedthefirsteverpublicjazzconcerttheislandnationhadseen.JazzholdsaveryuniquepositionintheCaribbeanworld.ManyindigenouspeopledontviewjazzasawholetobeatrueartformoftheCreoleculturesoftheCaribbean.Perhapsthatwouldbemoreaccuratelyamendedtostatethatmostdontviewmainstreamjazzasnativetotheregion.ItisbafflingtomanyintheCaribbeanthatwhilesome30jazzfestivalsareheldonislandsacrosstheregioneachyearveryfewarerepresentativeofthelocalculturesandpopulace.Mr.Francoisisoneofthefewtohaveembodiedajazzformthatisindicativeofhisculturehisbackgroundandhisownpersonalflare.Unlikeothergenressuchascalypsoreggaeandsambajazzisnotapopularformamonglocalpopulations.JazziswidelyconsideredashavingrootsinbluesmusicwhichwasbornoutofAfricanslavery.ButmusicianslikeMr.FrancoishavebeenabletonurtureCreolejazzonislandsacrosstheCaribbeantogiveitalocalflavor.Followinguponthesuccessofthepublicjazzconcertin1977Mr.FrancoisnotonlyhelpeddrivejazzasalocalartforminSt.LuciabutalsobranchedouttoworkwithartistsonthenearbyislandsofMartiniqueandGuadeloupe.WhilelivingandworkingontheFrenchislandshedirectedtheWestIndiesJazzBandthroughtwoCDreleasescontainingsomeofthebestCaribbeanjazz.In1991Mr.FrancoisgavetheCreolejazzworldoneofitsgreatestannualevents.HewasadrivingforcebehindthefoundingoftheOctoberJazzFestivalonSt.Lucia.AlthoughtheeventwaseventuallytakenoverbytheislandstourismindustryandturnedintotheSt.LuciaJazzFestitremainsoneofthefewjazzfestivalsintheCaribbeanthatfeaturesarichvarietyoflocaljazzartistsanddrawsalocalcrowd.DefningCaribbeanJazzJazzmusicoffersaninterestingcombinationofemotionsthatareuniquetotheNewWorldinwhichjazzwasborn.TheclassicalmusicpreferredbyEuropeansettlerstotheNewWorldwaslistenedtoandenjoyedbythehumanmindwhilethedrumbeatsandrhythmsofthemusicbroughtoverbyAfricanslaveswasenjoyedbythesoul.BecausejazzmusicwasbornfromculturesthatcombinedEuropeanandAfricanbackgroundstonameafewjazzisuniquelypositionedtorepresentthepeopleoftheCaribbean.TheculturesoftheCaribbeanareamixtureofmanyfromaroundtheglobejustasjazzisamixtureofmusicalgenresfromtheOldWorldandtheNew.NowarespectedcomposermusicalteacherstudiomusicianandperformerMr.FrancoishashelpeddefinejazzintheCaribbeanthroughouthisillustriouscareer.InoneofhismostrecentperformanceshewasinhisnativeSt.Luciatoparticipateinthe2013St.LuciaJazzandArtsFestivalacelebrationhegavebirthtodecadesagotocelebrateCaribbeanjazzasamusicalgenreuntoitself.oncehepicksupaninstrumentandbeginstoplaythereisnomistakinghimasalegendofjazzmusic. KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE9May-August201461kreolMusicLutherFranoisatlaunchofhisnewCDCastriesUnderground.PhotoAdianClarkeWoodshedEntertainment KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE9May-August2014kreolMusic62kreolMusicHavingwonaGrammyforBestZydecoorCajunMusicAlbumin2010forhisalbumZydecoJunkieChubbyCarrierrealisedadreamwiththeawardscriticalacclaim.HismusichadalwaysbeencelebratedamonghisfansandwhereverZydecofourishedbuttoreceivethishighlycovetedrecognitionwascertainlyahighpointforthemusician.BigTalentfromtheBayouarrierChubbyntforthmestoubmhinChuyCaawaclehahm KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE9May-August201463kreolMusic KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE9May-August2014kreolMusic64AstheleaderofhisbandChubbyCarrierandtheBayouSwampBandCarriercontinuestotourandattractnewfanstothemusichehasknownandlovedhiswholelife.BayouBackgroundHailingfromChurchPointeLouisianaCarrierwassteepedinthemusicaltraditionsofZydecoasachild.HisfathergrandfatherandcousinswereimportantZydecomusiciansandencouragedhimtoplayaccordionaswellasdrums.Soevidentwashistalentthathisfatherinvitedhimtoplayonstagewhenhewasjusttwelve.LocatedinAcadiaParishaZydecostrongholdChurchPointeissituatednearsomelargecitieslikeLafayettewheremusicianswereindemandtoplayvenuescateringtoZydecoanditsfans.OfcoursethemusicworldrecognizesChurchPointeastheCajunMusicCapitaloftheWorldforitslargepopulationofprofessionalCajunmusicians.GrowingupinthismusicallyrichcultureinspiredCarrieryetalsochallengedhim.Talentwasallaroundhimandplayingwithtalentedmusiciansalsoimbuedhimtogrowandcontinuetohonehisplaying.Whatbeganasanenjoyablehobbybecameameanstoanenrichingcareeralifeofmusic--thekindofmusicthatcelebratedhiscultureandhishome.ThoughheplayedwithTerranceSimienduringmuchofthe1980shedecidedtolaunchhisSoevidentwasChubbystalentthathisfatherinvitedhimtoplayonstagewhenhewasjusttwelve. KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE9May-August201465kreolMusicownbandin1989withhisbrothers.TheirworkandcareerwouldleadthemtotheforefrontofZydecomusic.BayouSwampBandKnownasanaccordionvirtuosoCarrierinfusedhisbandwithadrivethatwouldpromptthemtorecordtenalbumsduringtheirtwenty-yearspan.ThoughZydecowasthecornerstoneoftheirrecordingsandliveshowsthebandalsorampeduptheirsoundwithotherinfluenceslikefunkbluesrockandrollandmore.TheirmusicbecamecelebratedforitsCreolerootsitsunmistakableZydecoflairwhichseemedtomakeeverybodymoveandlistenwellnomatterwheretheyplayed.AsidefromthecriticallyacclaimedalbumZydecoJunkieothernotableofferingsincludeDanceAllNight1993AintNoPartyLikeaChubbyParty2003andBayouRoad2006.Eachalbumreleasedprovedtobeanimportantstepforthebandarecordoftheirgrowthandartisticevolution.InmanywaysZydecoJunkieisaremarkableculminationofalltheseyearseventhoughiteasilystandsonitsownasagreatworkofZydeco.MoretotheArtistthanMusicHavinggonesofarinhismusicalcareerCarrierunderstoodthathecouldinfluenceotherstohelpsupportworthycauses.AsahumanitarianCarrierparticularlycaresstronglyforchildrenscauses.Notonlyhashesupportedchildrenseducationalprojectsandsmoke-freeenvironmentsforchildrenheisanactivesponsoroftheBoysGirlsClubsofAcadiana.Hisbandhasledfundraisingeventsforthisnon-profitgroupthatissoinstrumentalinthelivesofregionalchildren.TheturnoutsfortheseendeavoursarespectacularasfansconvergetohearCarrierandhisBayouSwampBandperformingforaworthycause.CarriersmostrecentprojectistoworkwiththeAcadianaSymphonyConservatoryofMusictopromoteZydecoamongtheyoungergenerations.AsanintegralpartofthethreadCarrierisa KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE9May-August2014kreolMusic66ZydecolegendhiswillingnesstoinspirenewgenerationsofZydecoplayinghelpsensurethatthisformofmusicwillcontinuetoflourishandremainanessentialingredientofBayoulife.CarrierisnowprovidingmusicalinstructionandhisstudentsaretreatedtoZydecosvibranthistoryaswellasthemyriadofinstrumentsandtechniquesthatmakeitsouniqueamongmusicalgenres.TheWiderWorldRecentlyCarrierhasparticipatedinvariousdocumentaries.OneisbasedonZydecoandisduetobereleasedintheverynearfuture.TheotherisofcoursetheIMAXdocumentaryHurricaneontheBayouinwhichCarrierisfeatured.ThesefilmsmayhavetheirrootsintheBayoubuttheyaremeantforawideraudienceonanational--evenaninternationalscale.TheGrammiesalsobringattentiontoZydecoanditshomelands.ThisinternationalrecognitionhasbeenanhonourforCarrierandimmenselydeserved.TheGrammycomesatatimeinthebandscareerwhentheyvemadesomuchwonderfulmusicoversuchalongtimespan.TheawardcelebratesCarriersmusicalinfluenceanduniversalappeal.KeepMakingThemDanceAGrammyprofessionalinstructionalongcareercomposinganddeliveringacclaimedmusic--somemightthinkCarrierandhisbandhavedoneeverythingtheysetoutto.Yettheyplayonandhavedatespostedontheirwebsitejustlikeanyotherhard-workingband.PlayingmusicisstillattheheartofwhotheyareandbringingZydecotoaliveaudienceisstillathrilltheyrelish.Certainlytheirrecordingsarelivelyandenjoyablebutcatchingaliveperformance--especiallyoneinBayou-country--istrulysomethinganexperiencethatnoZydecofanshouldmiss. KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE9May-August2014kreolMusic68PhotoMatHayward KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE9May-August201469kreolMusicNewOrleansisoneofAmericasmostuniquecitiesnotjustforitsculturalblendbutalsoforthelivelymusicconstantlystreamingfromthecity.Whilejazzisthemusicthatmadethecityfamousfewmembersoftheyoungergenerationembraceitinthemanneritwasduringtheheightofbigbrassbandpopularity.TromboneShortyatjust28yearsoldisleadinganewwaveofjazzmusiciansbringingbackthepopularityofbigbrassbandsnationallyandinternationally.amusobhnbatmbhortySTromboneWhocallstheBigEasyhome KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE9May-August2014kreolMusic70DeepintheheartofAmericasCreolecultureisthecityofNewOrleansLouisiana.AsthelargestcityinthehomestateofCreoleinAmericaNewOrleanshaslongbeenthecentreofexchangebetweennumerousculturesthatcallAmericahome.FordecadesthecityhasbeenknownbyanumberofnicknamesbutnonemorefittingthantheBigEasy.NewOrleanshasaspecialplaceinAmericanhistoryandCreolecultureasamusicalhotbed.JazzwasbornhereZydecoringsoutfromshopsthroughouttheFrenchQuarterandbrassbandsblaringtrombonesandtrumpetsstillroamthestreetsentertainingtouristsandresidentsalike.Itwasintothisamazingmusicalheritagethatoneofmusicsbrightestyoungstarswasborn.TroyAndrewsbetterknownasTromboneShortyisatalentedyoungmusicianwhocallstheBigEasyhome.AspartofanewgenerationofjazzandrockmusiciansTromboneShortyandOrleansAvenuehisbandsofficialnameisbringinganewflaretothegenreandhelpingbridgethegaptoanewgenerationofmusicfans.TromboneShortyBorntoPlayItseemsthatfatedeterminedTromboneShortysfutureforhimlongbeforehewasevenconceived.Shortywasbornon2January1986intheNewOrleansLAneighbourhoodofTreme.TheneighbourhoodofTremeisoneoftheoldestinNewOrleansandinthecitysearlyhistorytheareawastheprimaryhomeforfreepeopleofcolourinNewOrleans.HistoricallyTremehasbeenasimmeringcauldroninacityknownasoneofAmericasbiggestculturalmeltingpots.HerefreepeopleofcolourlivedandworkedsidebysideandeventuallyturnedTremeintothehomeofAfrican-AmericanandCreolecultureinthecity.Theneighbourhoodalsobecamethehomeofbigbrassbands.BornintothisenvironmentitwasinevitablethatTromboneShortywouldgrowuptobecomeanamazingmusicianinhisownright.Fromaveryearlyageheshowedanabilitytoplaythetromboneandtrumpet.Attheveryyoungageofsixhewasalreadyparticipatingasabandleaderinbrassbandsevenperformingwithhistrumpetatthe1991NewOrleansJazzandHeritageFestivalwiththeCarlsbergBrassBandfromDenmark.BythetimehehadreachedhisteenyearsTromboneShortywasamemberoftheStoogesBrassBandandtouringinternationallyasaguestwithartistslikeLennyKravitz.Hisprofilerosesoquicklythatatjust19yearsoldhewaspartofagroupofmusiciansfromNewOrleansthatrecordedabenefitalbumentitledSingMeBackHometoaidthosefromhishometownafterthedevastationofHurricaneKatrinainAugust2005.TroyAndrewsofTromboneShortyOrleansAvenueperformsonstageduringtheBumbershootMusicfestivalinSeattleWashington.PhotoMatHaywardFatedeterminedTromboneShortysfutureforhimlongbeforehewasevenconceived KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE9May-August201471kreolMusicAlbumsandAccoladesFewyoungartistshaveproducedasmanyalbumsasTromboneShortybyhisagenorenjoyedthelevelofsuccesshehasfoundfromhismusicearlyon.Hehasreleasedninestudioalbumsfromhisfirstreleasein2002TromboneShortysSwinginGatetohismostrecentreleasein2013SayThattoSayThis.ItwasShortysseventhalbumBackatown2010whichgarneredthegreatestattentionforthebandandlaunchedthegroupsprofileonagreaterpath.ThetitleofBackatownwasinhonorofhishometownneighbourhoodofTremewhichwashistoricallyreferredtoinNewOrleansasthebackoftown.Thealbumwasthegroupsfirstsmashhitandreceivednumerousaccoladesincludinga2011GrammynominationforBestContemporaryJazzAlbumrankedintheTop5ontheBillboardContemporaryJazzchartsfor18monthsincluding10weeksat1andevenfeaturedoncountlessBestof2010countdownsincludingiTunesandBillboard.FollowinguponthesuccessofBackatownthegroupreleasedForTrueinlate2011andthealbummetwithsimilarsuccessandpermanentlyelevatedthestatusofTromboneShortyandOrleansAvenue.Theresultingsuccessofthetwoalbumsledtohighprofilegigsandguestspotswithothergroups.AGrowingProfleatHomeandAbroadAsTromboneShortysreputationinthemusiccommunitynotjustcontemporaryjazzgrewsotoodidtheopportunitiestoperform.HehasappearedalongsidethelikesoftheZacBrownBandLennyKravitzandDaveMatthewsBand.IntheJuly2012issueofBillboardmagazineZacBrownsaidTromboneShortyisoneofthebestentertainersoutthereperiod.Hesanincrediblehornplayer.HehastouredinternationallyintheUKacrossmainlandEuropeRussiaSingaporeJapanAustraliaNewZealandandofcoursethroughoutNorthAmerica.In2012hisprofilegrewtothepointwherenotoncebuttwiceTromboneShortyperformedinfrontofU.S.PresidentBarackObama.Followinga7JanuaryperformanceatCarnegieHallasaspecialguestofthePreservationHallJazzBands50thanniversaryheperformedattheWhiteHouseinfrontofPresidentObamaon21FebruaryaspartofAmericasBlackHistoryMonthcelebration.Laterthatyearon14JuneheperformedagaininfrontofthepresidentatactressSarahJessicaParkershomeinNewYorkaspartofanObamaForAmericaevent.AlwaysThinkingofNOLAItwouldbeeasyforayoungmanjust28yearsoldtoallowsuccesstogotohisheadbutTromboneShortyinsteaduseshissuccesstobenefitchildrenandyouthacrossNewOrleans.TheTromboneShortyFoundationbeganastheAndrewsHornsforSchoolsproject.TheoriginalprojectwasacollaborationbetweenShortyandNewOrleansMayorMitchLandrieutohelpNewOrleansschoolsacquirequalitymusicalinstrumentsformusiccourses.ManyoftheoriginalinstrumentsintheprogramweredonatedbyShortyhimself.EventuallytheprogramgrewintotheTromboneShortyFoundation.In2012thefoundationgainedanewpartnerinNewOrleans-basedTulaneUniversity.Togetherwiththeuniversitythefoundationcreatedanafterschoolacademytomentorhighschoolmusiciansthroughoutthecitytoreachfortheirbiggestdreams.ThemissionofthefoundationspeaksvolumestoTromboneShortysconnectiontohishometownandculture.ItsstatedgoalistopreserveandperpetuatetheuniquemusicalcultureofNewOrleansbypassingdownitstraditionstofuturegenerationsofmusicians.TroyAndrewsofTromboneShortyOrleansAvenueperformsduringFestivalInternationaldeLouisianeLafyetteLA.PhotoRinaldMamachevZacBrownsaidTromboneShortyisoneofthebestentertainersoutthereperiod.Hesanincrediblehornplayer. KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE9May-August2014kreolMusic72PhotoJean-NolEnilorac KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE9May-August201473kreolMusicEnvoteleNewYorkTimesByThomasArcensalemSChristineCequifrappedabordcestsavoix.Untimbregraveetgutturalquisemblesortirdesprofondeursdelaterrequidroutelauditeurlehappeetlensorclepeupeu. KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE9May-August2014kreolMusic74ChristineSalemestlunedesraresvoixfmininesdumaloyalamusiquetraditionnelledeLaRunionhritedesesclavesetdpourvuedinstrumentharmonique.Etquellevoix.Elleabeauchanterencroleenswahilienarabeenmalgacheoudansunelangueinventeissuedesesproprestransesunechoseestsreilyadubluesenelle.Desaccentsgospelaussidanslesonsisingulierdecettevoixquivouscaresselecoeur.CestdansdoutelunedesraisonspourlesquellesChristineSalemasutoucherlepublicamricainvenueladcouvrirlanpassloccasiondunetournedequinzedatestraverslesEtats-Unis.TourneaucoursdelaquelleelleaparticulirementtapdansliletloreilleduncertainJonParelesci-devantcritiquemusicalhistoriqueduNewYorkTimes.LecoupdefoudreavaitdjeulieuendbutdanneloccasiondelapremiredateamricainelorsduGlobalFest.Lejournalavaitalorsqualifisaprestationdemeilleurconcertdufestival.Rienquea.Neufmoisplustardrebelote.CettefoispourlouverturedelasaisonworldmusicduSymphonySpace.SurscnedoncChristineSalemetsesdeuxpercussionnistesDavidAbrousseetHarryPerrigonepourunmaloyadespluspurs.PeuimportelabarriredelalanguelessencemmedeseschansonsestvidentecritalorsJonPareles.ElleestdanslavoixdeMademoiselleSalemempruntededterminationetdunemmoireancestraleelleestdanssescourtesmlodiesconstruitespourtraverserlesgnrationselleestdanslesonperptueldespercussionsquipousselesenfantsvenirdansersurscne.Cestunemusiquequiattesteavecunepuissantejubilationdesapropresurvie.Etquelquesmoisplustardlejournalisteenfonceleclou.EndcembredernieraumomentdtablirleclassementdesdixmeilleursconcertsdelannecesttoutnaturellementqueJonParelesfaitdeChristineSalemlunedesesfavoriteslasurpriseonlimaginedeslecteursamricainsduquotidiennew-yorkaisquinavaientsansdoutepourlaplupartjamaisentenduparlerdelledeLaRunioncailloufranaisaumilieudelocanIndienetencoremoinsdemaloyaetdesesrythmesternairessidconcertantspourdesoreillesoccidentales.ChristineSalemsestainsiretrouveporteaupinacleparlundesjournauxlesplusprestigieuxdumondeauxctsdartistesPhotoValrieKoch KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE9May-August201475kreolMusicderenommeinternationaletelsquelastardeRBBeyoncelegroupedemtalNineInchNailslegroupedenoiserockMyBloodyValentineouencorelerappeurUSKanyeWest.Unepremirepourunartisterunionnais.Grcesonutilisationdesvoixetdespercussionsderythmessaccadsetdemlodiesenchanteressesressemblantparfoisaublueslemaloyapeuttreparfoisunemusiquedetransepourcommunieraveclesanctresouunmessagedansantdesurvie.LavoixprofondeetgutturaledeMademoiselleSalemestlesdeuxlafoisetbienplusencorecrivaitcettefoisleNewYorkTimes.Ceclassementestvenucltureruneanne2013exceptionnellepourChristineSalemetsesmusiciensquisesontproduitsenFranceauCanadaenAustralieenNorvgeetenInde.IlestaussiuneprendrecommeunereconnaissanceinattenduepourlachanteusedesCamliascequartierpopulairedeSaint-Denisquilavuegrandiretoelleapousssespremiresvocaliseslgede8ans.ChristineSalemneun20dcembrejourdelaftedelabolitiondelesclavageLaRunionestdepuisquelquesannesengagedansuntravailderecherchedcritureetdecompositionpartirdesrythmesjouslorsdescrmoniesdhommageauxanctres.UnprojetbaptisRasinazsortedevoyageidentitairequilameneMadagascarauxComoressurlaroutedesesaeuxdonnantnaissancedesmlodiescapablesdenvoterlaterreentire.EtenparticulierlesEtats-Unis.Sacollaborationen2012aveclegroupefolkfranco-amricainMoriartyenestunautreexemple.CestpeudirequunconcertdeChristineSalemiciouailleursdanslacourdunecasecroleoudansunesalledeBroadwaydevantunepoignedamisouunparterredinvitstrissurlevoletesttoujoursunmomentdmotionunconcentrdevritquivoustitillelesentrailles.CarlestlaforcedumaloyamusiqueauthentiqueetrebellelimagedeChristineSalemdevenuedsormaissaplusgrandeambassadriceauxctsdeDanylWaro.Charismatiqueunbrinmystiqueetchantredunecrolitquidpasselesfrontiresnaturellesdesaseulelenatalecettechanteuse-lestavanttoutunefemmelibre.Cenestdailleurspasparsimplecoquetteriequelleportelacoupeafro.MaisbienparcequecettecoiffurerendueclbreparAngelaDavisestlesymboledelafiertnoire.EtaaussilesAmricainsontaim. KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE9May-August2014kreolMusic76KnownforhisGrammy-winninghitIBelieveICanFlyandastringofotherhitslikeIgnitionandBumpNGrindthemusicalRBgurur.KellyhaswrittenamemoirofhislifecalledSoulacoasteTheDiayofMe.TheRideofHisLifeKellyR KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE9May-August201477kreolMusicPhotoHelgaEsteb KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE9May-August2014kreolMusic78RKellyisbest-knownforhissong-writingsingingandproducingyetisnowaddingauthorshiptohisimpressivelistofcredentials.ThisisabooktitledSoulacoasterthatdetailsKellyslifefromhisearlydaysontheSouthSideofChicagotothehighpointsofhiscareerasoneofthebiggestnamesinthemusicindustry.HoweverthememoirdoesfarmorethanchronicletheupsanddownsofhislifeR.Kellysbookgivesfansaglimpseintothesouloftheman-hisinnerselfandthemanbehindthecelebrity.AChronicleoftheUpsandDownsSoulacoastercouldbenoaccidentaltitle.AsamodernkingofSoulandamanwithsomeofthemostpersonallydramatichighsandlowsR.Kellydecidedtopenhismemoirinordertoexaminehislifefromthevantagepointofamaninmid-lifeasamanwhohadseenthebottomoftheladderandrisentothetopoftheheap.Healsowantedtowriteitasamanasabrotherandasafatherinordertoshowcasethoseaspectsofhimself.PeopleknowhimastheperformercelebrityandicontheymayevenknowhimasthecontroversialfigureofmediaheadlinesbutSoulacoasterpresentstheinnermanthatfanstrulywanttomeetandthemanthatKellyrevealswithvariousanecdotesandinsights.AnyonewhogoeslookingthroughthepagesofthismemoirissuretomeetR.Kellythebasketball-lovingkidthemusicalhopefulandthesonwhogrewupsinginginchurch.Thisbookisasuccessfulbridgethatallowstheperformertosharehimselfinwayshehasneverdonebefore.PublishedbySmileyBooksSoulacoasterisntjustanopeningupofthesoulonthecontraryitssometimesafunnylookbackandsometimesitrecountsapainfulblowthatKellyisstillcomingtotermswith.ThereisalotofmaterialnaturallydevotedtoKellys18-yearcareerinthemusicbusinessandfanswillunderstandthatmusicisthedrivingforceofKellysbeing.Itsbeenastapleinhislifeandcontinuestobethegoalthatmoveshimforward.FansofKellywillgainanewperspectiveontheartistshard-wonrisebyreadingthiscompellinglife-story.FromLiteraryAspirationstoSt.LuciaThoughKellytooksometimetowritehisbookheInthismemoiryouwillmeetR.Kellythebasketball-lovingkidthemusicalhopefulandthesonwhogrewupsinginginchurch.R.KellyperformsinhisMr.ShowBizPresentsTheLightitUpTour.PhotoNicholasBallasy KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE9May-August201479kreolMusicisunabletostayawayfromthestageforlong.KellyiswritingproducingandofcourseperformingbuthealsohasplanstospendsometimeintheCaribbeanislands.TheupcomingSt.LuciaJazzArtsFestivalisatwelve-dayeventthattransformstheislandwithevocativemusicthatreverberateswithJazzSoulRBandofcourseCreole.AsaleadingperformerofthismusicalextravaganzaKellywillbringhisdynamicstardomtoSt.Luciawherehehasalargefanbase.ItsnotsurprisingthatKellywouldwishtobepartofthismagicalfestivaltheeventisinternationallyreveredandisagenuinecelebrationofsoundandrhythm.WhileKellyisnttypicallyknownforhisCreoleconnectionhehasstatedthatheisopentoinspirationandpromisestocarryhismusicinnewdirections.ItwillbeinterestingtoseehowSt.Luciamayimpacttheartistjustashecharmsthisfestivalanditsthrongs.Best-SellingMusicArtistR.Kellyssuccessisevidentfromthenumberofalbumshessoldworld-widemorethan40million.Hesoneofthebest-sellingrecordingartistsintheU.S.performingtodayandwasevennamedbyBillboardasthemostsuccessfulRBartistofthelastquartercentury.Histwelvesoloalbumsalltestifytohistalentasasong-writerandproduceryethisfanscanthelplovingthosevocalsthataresofullofsoulandtheartiststelltalecharm.ThebestpartofR.Kellysstardomisthatitsstillrisingandhesstillgrowingasanartist.Hecontinuestoputoutincrediblemusicandalwaysgivesheart-feltperformancesforhisfans.ItsAllabouttheMusicalJourneyListeningtotheartistsmusicreadinghismemoirandifyoureluckyenoughseeinghimperforminSt.LuciademonstratesthatlikeeveryoneR.Kellyisonajourneybutonethathassuchmonumentalhighsandlowsthatitisquitesingular.MoreovertheR.Kellyjourneyisalwayssetagainstabackdropofmusic.Kellywhostruggledwithschoollearningdisabilitiesandpovertyseemedtohaveanacecarduphissleevewhenitcametomusicaforcethatupliftedhimfromhishumblebeginningsintointernationalstardomwherehistalentisrevered.Toexperiencethatjourneyupclosereadtheartistsinsightfulmemoir.IfyouwanttoexperiencehismusicinanexoticlocaleheadtoSt.Luciaforanextraordinarygatheringofmusiciansandmusic-loversthatwillconvergeinoneoftheworldsloveliestplaces.ForR.Kellyfanstheislandanditsfestarelikeaculminationofsomanymilestonesintheartistscareeritsapartyfullofmerrimentandsomeofthebestmusicbeingperformedtoday.R.Kellyssuccessisevidentfromthenumberofalbumshessoldworld-widemorethan40million.RKellyinthepressroomforBETSilverAnniversaryCelebrationTheShrineAuditoriumLosAngeles.PhotoEverettCollectionRKellyperforms.PhotoStephenC. KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE9May-August2014kreolMusic80GraceBarbemightjustbeoneofthegreatestfemalevocalistthatmillionshaveneverheard.AresidentofAustraliabutnativeofSeychellesBarbeisarisingstarontheworldmusicscene.HermusicisofendescribedasauniquefusionofrockAfricanbeatsreggaesegaandtraditionalculturalstylesthatisrepresentativeofherCreoleheritage.arbeBGraceAnEmergingStarinWorldofMusiccAustpWor KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE9May-August201481kreolMusicThebestmusiciansintheworldarenotalwaystheoneswiththelargestprofilethemostalbumsorthehighestincomeeachyear.Therearemusiciansthataremoreentertainersatheartwithmediocremusicalattributesandthentherearethosemusicianswhoaretrueartistswithvocaltalentthatmakefanssitbackinamazement.FemalevocalistGraceBarbeistheperfectexampleofamusicianwhocannotonlyputonashowbutalsoimpressfansandcriticswithhernaturalabilitytoentertainacrowdwithhervocalskills.BarbecurrentlyaresidentofthestateofWesternAustraliaisanativeoftheIndianOceanislandnationofSeychelles.ACreolebybirthandheritageBarbesculturalpastoozesfromhermusicwhichissteepedintheworldmusicgenre.Sincethereleaseofherdebutalbumin2009BarbestruevocalabilitiesandengagingCreolesoundhavemadeheroneofthefastestrisingstarsontheworldmusicscene.UniqueMusicalFusionTheworldmusicgenrebyitsverydefinitionisablendofstylesthatencompassesavarietyofsoundsthatarecombinedtocreatethegenre.UnlikepopmusicrocknrollorAmericancountrymusicwhichallhavedistinctsoundsthatputsongsintothosecategoriesthereareavarietyofsoundsthatmakeupworldmusic.InagenrewithsuchawideopenconceptofacceptanceitisquiteanachievementtogaintherecognitionthatBarbehasmanagedinafewshortyears.MusiclovershavedescribedBarbesmusicalfusionasacombinationofrockAfricandrumbeatsLatinrhythmsandasplashofCreoleculturefromhernativeSeychelles.Herliveperformanceshaveoftenbeendescribedasexperiencesratherthanconcertsbecausethethumpingbeatandrichpercussionofthemusiccombinedwithpoeticlyricsdrivefansintoafrenzyofdance.LabelingBarbeasaperformeralonewouldbeagreatinjustice.HeruniquemusicalfusionisnottheresultofsomepuppetmasterbehindthescenesbutratherthedevotionofBarbetoherwork.MorethanjustasingerBarbewritesherownmusicgivingittheinfusionofthevariousethnicbackgroundsAfricanAsianandEuropeanthatmakeupherCreolebackground.BarbesgroupMusiclovershavedescribedBarbesmusicalfusionasacombinationofrockAfricandrumbeatsLatinrhythmsandasplashofCreoleculturefromhernativeSeychellesPhotoTheBoiteStebFisher KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE9May-August2014kreolMusic82Afro-KreolmaynotbebasedinSeychellesbutherislandheritageisunmistakableinhersongwritingandsingingstyle.ManyofhersongshavebeenwrittenrecordedandperformedinEnglishFrenchandhernativeCreole.ARisingStarBarbesdebutalbumKreolDaughterwasreleasedin2009andsetherprofileintheworldmusiccommunityonanupwardtrajectory.FollowingitsreleaseBarbetouredthroughouttheIndianOceanaswellasAustraliaTasmaniaandNewZealandperformingatworldmusicfestivalsalongtheway.Hercolourfulperformancescombinedwithasoundthathasbeendescribedasfreshandfunkyhavemadeherahitatfestivalsacrosstheregion.GiventhedeepconnectiontoherculturalrootsinSeychellesitisnosurprisethatBarbeperformedatseveralfestivalsintheIndianOceanregionshehailsfrom.AsherpopularityhasincreasedshehasappearedatSAKIFOandIOMMALaReunionReggaeDonnsaMauritiusandCarnivaleInternationaledeVictoriaSeychelles.BarbesmeteoricrisehasdrawncomparisonstohighprofileworldmusicfemalevocalistssuchasAngeliqueKidjoandMiriamMakeba.Barbessuccessisnotsolelyhersalone.SheperformsonalbumsandatfestivalswiththemembersofherbandAfro-Kreol.PerformingalongsideBarbevocalsguitarbassguitararebandmembersJamieSearleguitarbassguitarThierrynoGangoukeysvocalsFreddyPoncindrumspercussionMahamudoSelimaneguitarvocalsandDanCarrollguitar.RecentlyBarbesyoungersisterJoelleBarbejoinedthegroupperformingonthedrumsandpercussion.ObviouslyAfro-KreolhasfoundagroovebecauseforanastonishingfouryearsinarowthegrouphasbeennamedBestWorldActinWesternAustralia.2013andBeyondFollowingthereleaseoftwopreviousalbumsandappearancesatseveralmusicfestivalsaroundtheglobe2013wasaverybusyyearforBarbeandtherestofAfro-Kreol.Thegroupkickedoff2013witha3rdappearanceatWoodfordFolkFestivalbeforeembarkingonahugeregionaltourwhichsawthemperformatWOMADinNewZealand10DaysontheIslandinTasmaniathePortFairyFolkFestivalandinMelbournesFederationSquare.AfterastringofsuccessfulalbumsandCDsingles2013sawthereleaseofthegroupslatestalbumentitledWeleleon2November.Barbeandthegrouprangin2014withaperformanceintheirhometownofPerthonNewYearsDay.BarbeandAfro-KreoljoinedMelbourneSkaOrchestraLeeFieldsandtheSunshineBrothersatthe6thAnnualNewYearsDayConcertatFremantleArtsCentreinPerth.If2013isanyindicationBarbeandthebandshouldbeverybusyin2014aswell.OnethingisclearBarbesuniquefusionofrockreggaesegaandvarioustraditionalmusicalgenresfromhernativeCreoleculturehavecaptivatedworldmusicaudiences.WithherprofilegrowingandpopularitywellestablishedthroughouttheIndianOceanitisonlyamatteroftimebeforeworldmusicfansaroundtheglobeareexposedtothesoulandenergyBarbeputsintoallofherwork.BarbesdebutalbumKreolDaughterwasreleasedin2009andsetherprofleintheworldmusiccommunityonanupwardtrajectory.FollowingitsreleaseBarbetouredthroughouttheIndianOceanaswellasAustraliaTasmaniaandNewZealand Wwww.drcontact.co.ukEadmindrcontact.co.ukT442075807759YourHealthinYourHandsThinkaboutyourhealththismonthandseeaspecialistVIPClinicalConciergeDrContactprovidesVIPhealthcareservicesthatmakepatientsliveseasierfromprovidinginstantaccesstoleadingcliniciansintheUKandEuropetoarrangingVIPmedicalservicesorbookingmedicaltourismpackages. KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE9May-August2014kreolMusic84kreolMusiceviewsRCDE.syKennenga-EKTrip2ReleasedinDecember2013EKTrip2isthesecondalbumfromthetalentedsingersongwriterfromMartinique.EKTrip2isafollowupontheextremelysuccessfulandawardwinningSACEMMartiniqueEKTripreleasedin2010.NativeofMartiniqueE.syKennengasingsinCreoleandFrenchwithauniquemixofacousticguitaranddancehallreggaevibes.Nottobemissed.EefedeVisser-HetisItisFollowinghersuccessfuldebutalbumTheCake2011UtrechtEefjedeVissercomesbackwithItis.ThefirsttuneopensupwithalovelyacousticguitargentledrumsandthebeautifulcalmvoiceofEefje.Thealbumhasafairy-talefeelbroughtbythegentlemelodicsoundsandtheartistssoothingvoice.Putumayo-JazzPlaygroundJazzPlaygroundintroduceschildrentoexamplesofamusicalgenrethatbeganintheUnitedStatesandhasspreadaroundtheworld.YouwillvisitninecountriesonsixdifferentcontinentsandhearsomeofthemostcommonjazzinstrumentcombinationssaxophonepianobassdrumsguitarinadditiontosomemoreuniqueinstrumentsincludingviolinfluteandtheWestAfricanbalafn.Thisguideprovidesculturalinformationmusicaltermsandactivitiestoengagechildreninexploringtherichmusicalvarietyofjazzaroundtheworld.kreolMusic 2014CalendarofMAJOREVENTSFormoreinformationcall1-800-672-6124orvisitwww.neworleanscvb.comPleasenotethatsomedatesaresubjecttochange.HappenininNEWORLEANSin201480THANNUALALLSTATESUGARBOWLJANUARY2ROCKNROLLMARATHONFEBRUARY2NBAALL-STARGAMEFEBRUARY16MARDIGRASMARCH4NEWORLEANSFASHIONWEEK-SPRINGMARCH15-22SPRINGFIESTAMARCH22-30TENNESSEEWILLIAMSLITERARYFESTMARCH19-23THEBUKUMUSICARTPROJECTMARCH21-22CONGOSQUARENEWWORLDRHYTHMSFESTMARCH22-23WWEWRESTLEMANIAXXXAPRIL6FRENCHQUARTERFESTIVALAPRIL10-13CRESCENTCITYCLASSICAPRIL19ZURICHCLASSICAPRIL21-27NEWORLEANSJAZZHERITAGEFESTIVALAPRIL25-MAY4NEWORLEANSWINEFOODEXPERIENCEMAY21-24GREEKFESTMAY23-25CREOLETOMATOFESTIVALJUNE7-8LOUISIANACAJUN-ZYDECOFESTIVALJUNE14-15FESTIGALSJUNE19-22ESSENCEMUSICFESTIVALJULY3-6RUNNINGOFTHEBULLSJULY13TALESOFTHECOCKTAILJULY16-20COOLINARYNEWORLEANSAUGUST1-31SATCHMOSUMMERFESTJULY31-AUG3WHITNEYWHITELINENNIGHTAUGUST2REDDRESSRUNAUGUST9DIRTYLINENNIGHTAUGUST9SOUTHERNDECADENCEAUGUST27-SEPTEMBER1WELIVETOEATRESTAURANTWEEKSEPTEMBERTBADOWNRIVERFESTIVALSEPTEMBER14ARTFORARTSSAKEOCTOBER4NEWORLEANSFILMFESTIVALOCTOBER9-16NEWORLEANSFASHIONWEEK-FALLOCTOBERTBALOUISIANASEAFOODFESTIVALOCTOBER11-13CRESCENTCITYBLUESBBQFESTOCTOBER17-19VOODOOARTMUSICEXPERIENCEOCTOBER31-NOVEMBER2TREMCREOLEGUMBOFESTIVALNOVEMBER8-9OAKSTREETPOBOYFESTIVALNOVEMBERTBABAYOUCLASSICNOVEMBER29RLCARRIERSNEWORLEANSBOWLDECEMBERTBACHRISTMASNEWORLEANSSTYLEDECEMBER1-31 KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE9May-August2014kreolBooks86FromtheEditorIamdelightedtoincludethisbookreviewinKreolMagazine.ItillustratestheinspirationthatCreolenationscanprovidefortheartsduetotheiruniquecultureandnaturalbeauty.ThetwostoriesdrawfromSeychellesandtheCreolefabricofthesociety.IthasaChinesetranslationversionwhichalignswiththeincreasingcooperationbetweenthesecountriesonaneconomicbasisandChinasoutboundtourismtoSeychelles.eychellesSTogetherForeverinbyHisExcellencyPhilippeLeGalltheSeychellesAmbassadortoChina KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE9May-August201487kreolBooksExcellenciesDearColleaguesLadiesandGentlemenFirstIwouldliketowishahappySpringFestivalandaprosperousyearaheadtoallSeychelloisespeciallythoseofChineseoriginandtoallChinesevisitorsnowinSeychelles.AsyouknowwearecelebratingthearrivaloftheyearofthehorsesoIhavespecialgreetingsforthosebornunderthatsigninparticularfellowSeychelloisandChinesewholikemeturn60thisyearasthe60thanniversaryisoftremendousimportanceinChineseculturebeingconsideredthecompletionofonelifecycleandthestartofanewlifecycle.OnthatoccasionandaspartofmyMinistryscontributiontothiscelebrationIamgladtopresenttheChineseversionofmylastbookpublishedbyPeoplesDailyPressoneoftheleadingChinesemediagroupreleasingworldwidethenewspaperbearingthesamenameandhavingadailycirculationof3to4million.TogetherForeverwillbeofficiallylaunchedinBeijinginApril.Itiscomprisesoftwoshortstories.InthefirstoneaChinesesingle-handednavigatorunhappywithhislifedecidestosetsailwithoutheadingforaspecificdestination.ThiswayhetravelsgreatdistancesdriftingwithwindsandcurrentstillhereachestheshoresofanunchartedislandsomewhereinSeychelleswaters.AllpeoplelivingthereareabitstrangeandseemtotallydisconnectedfrommodernlifebutforhimtrueloveisjustaroundthecornerInthesecondshortstoryIimaginethatmankindhasbecomesobadandsomanyinnocentsarekilledeverydaythatthemanagementofanover-crowdedextra-terrestrialHEAVENhasnootheroptionbuttoopenabranchonearthalsoonanunchartedislandsomewhereinSeychelleswaters.BelowisthetranscriptofHEPhilippeLeGallsmessagegiveninFebruarythisyearfortheChineseNewYearcelebrationsinSeychelles.ThisneatlyencapsulatestheSeychellesChinafriendshiptheChineseNewYearandprovidesaninsightintohisbook. KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE9May-August2014kreolBooks88KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE9April-June201488WhenmankindcomesbacktoitssensesandthedailyflowofsoulseligibletoenterHeavenisundercontrolthisparadiseonearthisputupforsalethroughadvertisementsinanumberofChineserealestateagencies.ThefirstshortstoryisnamedTOGETHERandsecondoneFOREVERandthereforeitshouldbeunderstoodastogetherforeverinSeychelles.AsafictionwriterIusehumourtoentertainmyreaders.HoweverthemainreasonIwrotethesestoriesisbecauseSeychellesandChinahavebecomeclosefriendsandreliableeconomicpartnersandthepromotionofSeychellesonChinasoutboundtourismmarketisshowingallsignsofafastdevelopingsuccessstory.ThiscallsformoreculturalproductsincludingnovelstouristguidesandbrochuresfullofpracticaltipsonSeychelleswayoflife.ThisisavailableinChineseaswellasothergoodsandservicesrespondingtotheneedsandexpectationsofaChineseclientele.IwishtoavailofthisopportunitytoexpressmyappreciationtotheMinistryofTourismandCultureandSTBSeychellesTouristBoardinparticularforhelpingourEmbassyinBeijingaswellasSeychellesConsulateGeneralinShanghaiandourHonoraryConsulateGeneralforHong-KongandMacaotopromoteSeychellesinterestsintheregion.InthesamespiritIwanttocongratulatemyesteemedcolleagueAmbassadorShiZhongjunforhavingjoinedthisinitiativetakenwiththesupportofrelevantSeychelloisMinistriesandtheSeychelloiscommunityofChineseoriginespeciallytheChineseAssociationandUnionofSeychelles.ThisChineseNewYearcelebratoryeventdemonstratesthatSeychellesculturalidentityisdeeplyrootedinthelonghistoryofexchangesbetweenthetwocountries.ItalsoshowsbothinSeychellesandChinathepotentialresultingfromsuchstronglinksintermsoffriendshipandeconomiccooperation.FinallyitportraysSeychellesasoneofthesafestandmostfriendlyworlddestinationsforChinesevisitors.IwillconcludebyexpressingmygratitudetoMr.ZhangLipingCEOoftheInternationalTravelServicesSeychellesLimited-ITSSforhisassistanceinthepublicationofthisbook.LadiesandGentlemenAHappyandProsperousYearoftheHorsetoallofyou.XinChunKuaiLeMaNianJiXiangHisExcellencyPhilippeLeGallcentrewithhisassistantLiHuanHuanleftduringthevisitofahistoricsiteinGuizhouprovinceattheinvitationofChinaStateAdministrationofCulturalHeritage.AsafctionwriterIusehumourtoentertainmyreaders.HoweverthemainreasonIwrotethesestoriesisbecauseSeychellesandChinahavebecomecloseriendsandreliableeconomicpartnersandthepromotionoSeychellesonChinasoutboundtourismmarketisshowingallsignsoaastdevelopingsuccessstory. KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE9May-August201489kreolBooksKREOLMAGAZINEISSUE9April-June201489kreolBooksSeychellesintheeyesofChinese KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE9May-August2014kreolBooks90 KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE9May-August201491kreolBooksAbookonSeychellesTravelwaspublishedandlaunchedsuccessfullyasof25thApril2013inSouthKorea.ThebookavailableinKoreanistitledSeychellesnotjustanotherplaceanotherworld.ItshowcaseswhatSeychellesoferstotravellersnatureaccommodationislandsandattractions.eychellesSPublicationofTheFirstTravelGuideBookinKoreanTheauthorsofSeychellesnotjustanotherplaceanotherworldareMr.DongChangJeongSeychellesHonoraryConsulGeneraltoSouthKoreaandMs.JulieKimRegionalManagerofSeychellesTouristOfficeSTOKorea.EachhasbeeninSeychellesmorethan50and30timesrespectivelyoverthepast10years.Mr.JeongisalsotheinitiatorofSeychellesEco-friendlyMarathonwhichthisFebruary2014willberunforthe7thconsecutiveyear.Mr.JeongsaysItriedtoincorporateessentialinformationforInvestorsaswellfacilitatetheneedsofpotentialinvestorsfromKorea.NowthattheawarenessofSeychellesandtravellersareincreasingmoreentrepreneursareshowinginterestininvestingintheSeychellesespeciallyfisheriesandrenewableenergies.ForboththeSeychellesHonoraryConsulGeneraltoKoreaandtheSeychellesTouristOfficepublishingabookonSeychelleshasbeenalongcherisheddream.TherebeliefisthatthebookwillcontributetremendouslytothepromotionandbetterunderstandingofSeychelleswhichwillgeneratemoreexchangesandcooperationbetweenthetwocountriesintourismcultureeconomyeducationandmore.Ms.JulieKimsaysWearefullofpassionandloveforSeychelles.IexpectthisbookwillcontributetogeneralawarenessofSeychellesandcreatemoreFITandNICHEtravelers.AlltheprofitsearnedthroughsellingthebookwillbedonatedtoworthycausesinSeychelles.ThiswillincludesuchorganisationsandcharitiessuchasJJSpiritYouthactivitiesChildrensFoundationPearlSeychellesandotherSportsandCulturalEventsthatSTOinKoreaorganizes.TheSeychellesTouristOfficeinKoreaheldaBookLaunchonthe30thApril2013inGaheoGallery.PresentwereKoreasmajormediajournalistsandtheFriendsofSeychellesandwheretherewasalsoaspecialphotographicexhibitionofSeychelles. KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE9May-August2014kreolBooks92 KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE9May-August201493kreolBooksInthiscelebrationoflifeindeathMonaLisaSaloycapturesthesolemngriefongoingstruggleandjoyousprocessionsofNewOrleansaerthedevastationlebyHurricaneKatrina.SheKnowsthemusicoftheneighborhoodspokenandsunginarmationofwhatisgenuineandhopefulaswellasthedespairofdestructionthatnatureandpoliticsheapeduponTheCrescentCity.Saloysdetailsofdown-homeactivitiesanduseoflocalexpressionsconveythemanyculturesandvoicesofthisuniquecity.InthisodetoNewOrleansthereisjoyandhopeandapassionatecalltojointheresilientSecondLine.MonaLisaSaloyisapoetwhosewordsgiveasshelter.Apoetwhohasfeedingusalwaysonhermind.Keepyourstarchedwhitedinnernapkinsforanotherkindofmealandforgueststhateatinahurry.Bringyourhungerforafamilythatstillkisseseachotherattheopenthedoorandthememorythatknowsthestormwillendandthesunwillriseagain.NikkyFinneyZHaricotsRouge-Redbeansandblacklove.AttheheartofMonaLisaSaloysbookisanactofinterdictionaninterruptionofoneAmericanlanguagewithanother.Inactsofsimultaneousself-translationthesepoemsndthosespacesamongtongueswhereturnstotruthtasteslikemore.AldonLynnNielsenInSecondLuneHomepoetMonaLisaSaloycapturesthespiritandcadenceofNewOrleans.ThebookisatonceahauntingpoeticnarrativeofthehorrorofHurricaneKatrinaandanupliinghealingsongofpersonalandcollectiveresilience.Saloytellsofmuckstinkdoorsswollenwithwaterdespairandbottled-uphurtwhilendinghopesustenanceandsolaceinfamiliallovespiritualityandtheCreoleculturaltraditionsthatnurturedher.SaloysartistryisparticularlyevidentinheruseofmetaphorsBrokehisheartinhalflikeawalnutsplitdownthemiddle.AndsheseasonsheraestheticwithCreolevernacularismssuchashucklebucksfrozendrinksandmelitonmirliton.AndnaturallythereistheinevitableremixofpulsatingmusicforwhichthecityisfamousJohnnyAdamsFatsDominoandAlanToussaint.ThisisacollectionofpoemsthatmustbereadTonyBolden KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE9April-June2014kreolCulture94TheNatchitochesCityCouncilLouisianaanditsMayorLeePoseyhaveproclaimedFebruary82014asadatetorecognizeaslavewomanMarieThrzeditteCoincoin.TheproclamationwhichisreproducedbelowalthoughwritteninofcialjargondescribeswhatmusthavebeenatenderrelationshipthatdevelopedbetweenherandherFrenchmasterSieurLoisJuchereaudeSt.Denis.ClearlyMarieThrzeditteCoincoinmusthavebeenawomanospecialcharmandqualitiesaslatershedevelopedalovingliaisonwithanotherFrenchmasterClaudeThomasPierreMtoyer.Sheborehischildrenheboughtherreedomandgaveherlandwhichshecultivatedandrealizedprofts.Sheinreturnboughtthereedomoallherchildrenandherdeedsandherdescendantsresonatetothisdayover250yearslaterintheCityoNatchitoches.Theproclamationisaheartwarmingaccountothegenerosityandloveandaectionthatsometimesjoinedmastertoslave.Moreimportantlyitillustrateshoweveninadversitythehumansoulandspiritfndsapathtoleavetheworldahappierplaceoruturegenerations.GeorginaDhillonEditorinChiefroclamationPinrecognitionoourCreoleancestorsHeartwarmingandInspiringisthelieoMarieThrzeditteCoincoin WHEREASMarierzedieCoincoinAfricanIndianoriginwasbornin1742aslaveinthehouseholdofSieurLoisJuchereaudeSt.Denisthefounderandcommandantoftheoldestselement1714ofLouisianaNatchitochespostandWHEREASLegendhasitthatMarierzeisthedaughterofFrancoisandMarieFrancoisslavesofthecommandantSt.Denis.AerMadamedeSt.Denisuntimelydeathin1758andbothofherparents3dayslatersixteenyearoldMarierzewasinheritedbytheelderson.InhishouseholdshegavebirthtovechildrenandwaslatergiventohisyoungersisterMme.deSt.DenisdeSotoandWHEREASIn1767Marierzethentwenty-verstlaideyesonClaudeomasPierreMtoyerafrenchmerchantnewtothefrontier.erewasaninstantaractionbetweenthecomelyslaveandtheyoungfrenchselerandPierreleasedMarierzedieCoincoinfromMmedeSoto.AyearlaterInJanuaryof1768Marierzegavebirthtotwinsasonandadaughter.EventuallytherelationshipwouldproduceatotaloftenchildrenandWHEREASIn1778inorderthattheycouldbetogetherPierreMtoyerpurchasedMarierzefromMmedeSoto.Conictofmoreseriouslawsforbadewhitemastersfromkeepingslavesasconcubines.eonlywaythatPierreMtoyerandMarierzecouldbetogetherwasforhertobefree.MtoyersoongaveMarierzeandtheirnewbornsontheirfreedomalongwith68acresoflandandamonthlystipendandWHEREASAttheageofforty-sixMarierzedieCoincoinwasfreealandownerandthemotheroffreechildrenandslavechildren.erelationshipbetweenPierreandMarierzewastocontinueforyearsbuttheproblemwasthatwhilePierrehadmanychildrenhehadnolegalheirs.PierrewouldgoontomarryMarieereseBuardPaviethewidowofhisdearfriendEntiennePavie.MarierzedieCoincoinmovedtotheMaisonthatMtoyerbuiltonherpropertyandwiththehelpofherchildrenandherslavesbegantocultivatetobaccoandindigoandWHEREASMarierzeusedtheprotstobuyallofherchildrenoutofslaveryandeventuallygaveseteachonewithalandgrant.NicolasAugustintheeldestoftheirunionwouldfollowtheseidyllicvaluesbydonatinglandtobuildtheSt.AugustineCatholicChurchbelievedtobeAmericasrstchurchfoundedbyfreepeopleofcolor.HisbrotherLouiswouldbuildtheYuccaPlantationtodayknownasMelrosewhichbothexisttodayNOWTHEREFOREILeePoseyMayorandtheNatchitochesCityCouncildoherebyproclaimFebruary82014asMARIETHEREZEDIECOINCOINDAYintheCityofNatchitochesandinvitesallcitizensofNatchitochestoreectuponandhonorthelifetimeachievementsofMarieerezeDieCoincoinandtheimpactshehasleupontheCityofNatchitoches.Proclamation KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE9May-August2014kreolArt96rtAIndianItsOriginsDevelopmentProfessorAvijitLahiriLondonThehumanspeciesrsttravelledoutofAfricatopopulateAsiaaround70000yearsago.TheseearlytravellerssettledintheregionoftheIndiansubcontinentanddevelopedsmallhunter-gathererunitsandthensubsequentlydevelopedearlysocietiesinthepre-historicperiodwherewerstseesignsofstoneintscarvedidolsortoysmadeofstoneandboneorivory. KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE9May-August201497kreolArtBronzeBodhisattvafromKashmirIndia7thADwithsilverandcopperinlays KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE9May-August2014kreolArt98TwowavesofpeoplesmigratetotheIndiansubcontinentinthePaleolithicperiodtheIndo-EuropeansfromthenorthandtheDravidiansfromthesouthwhoprobablyarrivedviaasearoutedirectlyfromEastAfrica.DiscoveryofthecavepaintingsofBhimbetkaincentralIndianearBhopalthecapitalcityofthestateofMadhyaPradeshprovidesapictorialviewoflifeoveraverylongperiodearliestpaintingisfromthePaleolithicperiodaround30000yearsagototheMesolithicperiod10000-5000BC.Figures1-5EarlyartoftheprimitiveIndianswasagrandandsensitivedepictionofhuntingscenestamingofanimalse.gridinghorsesorelephantsorevenmammothsFigure2warfarerulersandreligiousicons.ThesearepreservedinthisWorldHeritagesiteofBhimketkawhichclearlywasasiteofprolongedoccupationbytheearlyIndians.Themasteryandskilloftheseprimitivepeoplearebeyondimagination.ArtaswemodernIndiansseeittodaywasquitedifferentintheancientera.WecreateartforthesakeofartasseeninthismodernpaintingbyRazaFigure6whereasourpredecessorsmadeobjectsandpaintings-representingeithericonsofreligiousdeitiessuchastheBuddhistbronzestatueofaBodhisattvafromKashmirIndiafromthe7thcenturyADFigure7ordepictingthatoftherulersandchieftainskingsordescriptionofoneofourmanyepics.ThedatesforIndiancivilisationhavebeengraduallyandsubstantiallypushedbackwithdiscoveryofnewarchaeologicalfindingsascanbeseenintheIndusvalleycivilization6000-2500BC.ExamplesoftheMahenjodaroandHarappancivilisationshowconsiderableadvanceintownshiparchitectureFigure8earlywritingwhichhasnotyetbeendecipheredFigure9metalsculpturewashighlydevelopedasseeninthefigureofBhimbetkacaveFigure1paintingsbyearlyIndiansfrom20000-5000BC.TherockcavesinMadhyapradeshincentralIndiaareproofofhighlydevelopedartisticskillsoftheseprimitiveIndiansandalsoservesasevidenceoftheirabilitytocontroltameandwildanimalssuchasmammothsFigure2therearevividimagesofanimalshuntingbattleskingsorchieftainsandreligiousimagesFigures3-5.12345 KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE9May-August201499kreolArtfamousMahenjodarodancinggirlFigure10.TerracottafigurinesofamothergoddesswasprobablyafertilitysymbolforvenerationFigure11thewell-knownMahenjodarobullFigure12andpaintedpotteryfromtheperiodFigure13alldemonstrateanadvancedIndianculturewithevolutionofart.AfterthedeclineofHarrapanandMahenjodaroculturesaround2000-1700BCancientartinIndiawasinfluencedbymigrationofpeoplesfromCentralAsiaGreeceandBactriaFigure14mainlyintheNorthWesternprovinceswhichnowincludesAfghanistanandPakistanIndusValleyandbeyond.HinduismwasfirstdocumentedintheRigVedaancientIndiantextaround1500BCwhichwasamixtureofthedecliningearlierDravidiancultureoftheIndusValleyandinfluenceofthemigrantArians.TheVedicperiodlastsuntil1000BCwhereHinduismreachesapeak.ThisisfollowedbyJainism800-500BCandwasshortlyfollowedbytheappearanceoftheBuddha563-483BCbornasaHinduPrince.ThegreatIndianepicsofRamayanaandMahabharatadatebetween1200-400BC.BuddhismisestablishedasanimportantreligionbyEmperorAshoka300BCextendingthroughouthismassiveempirefromancientGandhararegionPakistanandAfghanistaninthenorthwestofIndiatoKalingaOrissainthesoutheast.ThepantheonofHinduGodsanddeitieswassoonfollowedbytheJainTirthankarasandBuddhistsubjectsfromtheelaboratejatakas.Theartistsanddevoteesattainreligiouspietybycreatinganddedicatingreligioussculpturefortemplesandshrines.Someofthesmallersculptureswereoftenusedinhomesinprivateshrines.TheincredibleoutpouringofreligioussculpturewasfirstmadeinwoodterracottaandmetalduringtheHarappancivilisationseeFigures10-13stonesculpturewasintroducedlaterduringtheMauryanempireandwasstronglyinfluencedbytheGreco-PersianinfluenceswhichfollowedAlexandertheGreataround333BCFigure15EmperorAshokasLioncapitalnowusedintheIndianflag.BoththemoderncitiesofPatnaancientPataliputraandtheholycityofBenaresareontheRiverGangesandhavehadacontinuoushumancivilisationfor4-5000years.LimitednumberofsculptureshassurvivedfromtheMauryanperiodbutthereligiousandsculpturaltraditionsformedatthetimeofKingChandraguptaMauryaandhisgrandsonEmperorAshokashowedanadvancedsophisticationinstonesculpture.ExamplesofYakshisgoddessoffertilityorsometimesknownastreespiritsurviveandoneinthePatnamuseumtheDidarganjYakshiismadefromhighlypolishedsandstoneFig16.ImportantHinduandJaintemplesandBuddhiststupaswereconstructedfromstoneandbrickasseenbythepreservedruinsoftheSanchiStupaincentralIndiapresentlyinthestateofMadhyaPradesh.ExtensiveandexceptionalqualityofstonesculpturecanbeseenonthestupawhichissurroundedbytoranagatesadornedwithfantasticsculptureofYakshisandanimalsFigs17-20.AftertheMauryanempirecametheSungadynastyFigure6.PaintinggouacheonpaperboardbySyedHaiderRazaArchescirca1959.Figure7.BronzeBodhisattvafromKashmirIndia7thADwithsilverandcopperinlays. KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE9May-August2014kreolArt100Figures8-13.ExtensiveexcavationsofthecitadelofMahenjodarointheIndusvalleyAncientIndiapresentdayPakistansealwithwritingandbullbronzedancinggirlDelhiMuseumterracottafemalefertilitydeitybullanddecoratedpot-3500-2500BC.89Figure913111210whichflourishedinnorthernIndiatheruinsofBharutstupawasdiscoveredbyLordCunninghamwhotransportedthemajorityofthemonumentstotheIndianMuseuminKolkatainthemid-1800sBharutYakshinowinKolkataMuseumFigure21.Kushandynasty1stBC-3rdADwasformedbymigrantsfromCentralAsiawhoadoptedallthethreemajorIndianreligions.TheKushankingsestablishedawesterncapitalintheancientGandhararegionTaxilawherethesculptureresembledaGreco-RomanstyleFigures22-23thesameempirehadanothereasterncapitalinMathuranearmodernDelhiwheretheartformwastotallylanguidsensualandcompletelyIndianFigures24-25.TheHinduBuddhistandJainreligionsborrowedfromeachotheranddevelopedauniquereligiousartformwhichflourishedover4000yearsandcontinuestoevolve.TheGuptadynasty400-600ADwasknowastheGoldenAgeforreligioussculptureFigures26-27paintingsAjantacavessciencepoetryastronomyandmathematics.ThebeautifulfrescowallpaintingsfromtheAjantacaves2-5thADFigures28-29hadintroducedperspectiveinpaintingswhichwasnotseenuntila1000yearslaterduringtheRenaissanceperiodinEurope.DuringtheKushanandGuptadynastiesreligionandartwereexportedtoChinaCambodiaLaosThailandVietnamIndonesiaSriLankaKoreaandJapantothewholeoftheSoutheastAsia.TheseinfluenceswerenotspreadbyconquestwarordominationbutviatheteachingsoftheHinduandBuddhistphilosophy.ReligiousartinIndiacontinuedtoevolvethroughearlymiddleandlatemedievalperiodsuntilthe12thADitwastheMusliminvasionofIndiawhichdeliveredafatal KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE9May-August2014101kreolArtFigure14BactrianBronzerhythonordrinkingvesselintheshapeofaramsheadandshellinlay1000-600BC.Fig15AshokaLionCapitalfoundinSarnathnearBenaresIndiawasplacedontopofstonepillarsandwasfoundallacrossthevastMauryanEmpiresuchasAfghanistanNepalandthroughoutIndia.The4lionstheinvertedlotusflowerandthe4animalsbetweenthechakrasareBuddhistsymbolsthatrepresenttheBuddhistDharmatheMiddlepath.ThissymbolhasbeenadaptedforthecenteroftheIndianflag250BC.Fig16DidarganjYakshiisoneofthemostimportantancientIndianstonesculpturesfromtheMauryanperiodPatnaMuseumthesurfaceishighlypolishedandreflectsanamazingtechnologyintheseearlytimes300BC.14151618Figures17-20.ImagesfromtheSanchistupaaWorldHeritagesitewasbuiltbyEmperorAshokaswifeandwasalsoaplaceofAshokaswedding.ThisamazingstupawasnotdestroyedbytheMuslimsandhasspectacularsculptedstonefriezesrepresentinglifeandpreachingoftheBuddha.ThefamousYakshisonthetoranagatesareworldfamous300BC.171920 KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE9May-August2014kreolArt102TheYakshifromBharutdiscoveredbyLordAlexanderCunninghamin1873andthetemplecomplexwasmovedtoKolkatamuseum200BC.GandharaBodhisattvawithGreco-RomanstyleclothesKushanperiod-NorthwestIndia-presentdayAfghanistanorPakistanKushandynasty2nd3rdAD.GandharaBuddhamadefromstucco4-6thAD.Fig26SarnathBuddhafromtheGuptaperiod.OneofthefinestsculpturesinIndiaGuptaDynasty-400-500AD.212223Figs24-25RailingpillarmottledredsandstonefromastupashowingavoluptuousYakshiononesideandalotusonthereverseMathuranearpresentdayDelhiKushandynasty2nd3rdAD.242526 KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE9May-August2014103kreolArtblowtothedevelopmentofHinduBuddhistorJainartinNorthernIndiahoweverthereligiousartkeptevolvingintheSouth.TheempiresofAmravatiSatvahanasdynasty-2ndBC-2ADPallava7-8thADCholas9-13thADandVijaynagra13-17thADdynastyaresomeofthewell-knownkingdomswhocontributedgreatlytothedevelopmentofphilosophyartandliterature.AncientAmravatihadtradelinkswithRomeandexportedartandculturetothewholeofSoutheastAsiaasseenintemplesofAnkorWatinCambodia.TheCholadynastydevelopedatraditionofspectacularbronzesculpturesFigure30whichinfluencedevenRodin.InmedievalIndiathegrowthofHinduandJaintemplearchitectureflourishedwithspectacularfacadesfullofsensualfiguresdepictingthecolourfulHindutheologyinstoneasonecanseeinKhajuraoinCentralIndiaFigures31-32.Thesewell-preservedtemplesarealsoknownfortheeroticsculpture.BuddhaheadfromSarnathshowingthesensitivesculptingofthegreatmonkinmeditationGuptaDynasty-400-500AD.Ajantacaves200BC475ADareaUNESCOWorldHeritagesite.ThereareBuddhistHinduandJaincaveswithelaboratestatuesandpaintedwallandceilingfrescos.ThesepaintingsfromtheGuptaperiodarethebestexampleofpaintingofthatearlyperiodFigures28-29.272928CholabronzestatueofShivaandhisconsortParvati.Thebronzesfromthatperiodareuniqueandgreatexamplesofhighqualityofmetalcasting9th12thAD.30 KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE9May-August2014kreolArt104Thewell-preservedtemplesofKhajuraoarefamousfortheirsensualanderoticsculptureswhichadorntheouterwallsandtheinnersanctum9-11thADMuslimartandarchitectureproducedinnumerablejewelsinIndiasuchasthemonumentalTajMahalandnumerousMoghulminiaturepaintings1400-1700AD.EuropeanscametoIndiathePortuguesewerethefirsttostayinGoa1400-1953theFrenchinPondicherryandtheBritishcametoBengalEastIndiaCompanyCalcutta1700-1947andthenruledIndiaforover200years.ClearlytheseculturesinfluencedthedevelopmentofmodernartsuchastheBengalSchoolofmodernart.RabindranathTagorepoetplaywrightsongwriterandphilosopherwasthefirstnon-EuropeantoreceivetheNobelPrizeforLiteraturein1928andestablishedaback-to-rootsuniversitySantiniketaninBengalwhereIndianModernismdevelopedFigures33-34.ThemanwhofirsttookasteptowardsestablishingIndianmodernartwasAbanindranathTagorethePoetsnephewandthefirstPrincipalofthecollegeatSantiniketanFigure35.OthersfollowedsuitsoonafterandestablishedtheBengalSchoolofcontemporaryartwhichiswellknownevenoutsideIndiaexamplesoftheseoutstandingartistsareNandalalBoseFigure36JaminiRoyFigures37-38andothers.ThescopeofthisarticleistoprovideaflavourofIndiancultureviathedevelopmentofartthroughtheages.Ihavenotdealtwiththemodernandthedevelopingartsofthepresenterathiswillrequireafuturearticle.3132ContemporarypaintingandetchingbythePoetLaureateRabindranathTagore1930s3433 KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE9May-August2014105kreolArtPaintingbyNandalalBose1930s.PaintingsbyJaminiRoy1930-40sFigures3738PaintingbyAbanindranathTagore1930s.35363837 KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE9May-August2014kreolArt106PortraitofanArtistosephJKathyAnnChevalierKathyAnnChevalierJosephmightnotbeaworldrenownedartistbutsheiscertainlyoneofthemostgiedpaintersinTrinidadandTobago.BornandraisedontheislandofTrinidadshecomesfromafamilywitharichartisticheritage.AlthoughaparttimeartistherworksoferavibrantlookinsidethenaturalandculturalbeautyofherCaribbeanhomeland. KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE9May-August2014107kreolArt KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE9May-August2014kreolArt108Themostbeautifulaspectofartisthatitdoesnotbelongtooneraceethnicityornationalgroup.Theartsexistasaformofpersonalandculturalexpressionandcanbeharnessedbyanyonetosharetheirinner-selfwiththeworldaroundthem.Artisusedtoexpressangstsharesocietalviewsorsimplyspreadunderstandingacrossculturalandracialdivides.ManyartistssuchasCreolepainterKathyAnnChevalier-Josephusetheirartformtosharewiththeworldtheirvisionoftheenvironmentlocaleorculturetheylivein.NotonlydoartistslikeMs.Chevalier-Josephsharetheirperceptionoftheworldtheyalsostrivetocreatetheworldaroundthemastheyseeitthroughtheireyes.ItisthroughhereyesthatmanyareintroducedforthefirsttimetotheislandnationofTrinidadandTobago.AnArtisticUpbringingKathyAnnwasbornandraisedinthetownofChaguanasincentralTrinidadandTobago.Herparentsbothartiststhemselvesraisedallfouroftheirchildrentobedisciplinedandwell-roundedwithoutstiflinganyoftheircreativeinstinctsornature.Kathyandhersiblingswereencouragedtoexpressthemselvesthroughvariousartformsincludingpoetryartsongandperformance.Asayoungchildeachofhersiblingsexhibitedcreativityinonefieldoranother.Kathysgreatestexpressionsoftencameinsimpleformscraftedfromtheworldaroundher.ItwasnotuncommonforKathytodigupthefreshclayinthefamilysbackyardandcreatemodelpeoplewithherownhands.ForKathyiteventuallybecameclearthatherpreferredformofexpressionwouldbeartmorespecificallypainting.Sheadmitstousingherartinthoseearlyyearsasameansforunwindingfromthestressesofeverydaylife.Withpaintandbrushinhandshechanneledthatemotionintoherartisticabilitiesandunleashedherinterpretationsoftheworldontothecanvasinfrontofher.FormalTrainingThroughoutherschoolinginTrinidadandTobagoKathypursuedherpassionforartalongsideherotherformalstudies.WhilesheattendedLoveHopePeace-Glidingthroughthestorm KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE9May-August2014109kreolArtMorningGlorysecondaryschoolKathysartisticabilitieswereenlightenedandenhancedunderthetutelageofIanAliarenownedartisteducatorandtelevisionpersonalityinherhomeland.AtnopointintimewasKathysartisticgrowtheverstymiedbyherotheracademicpursuits.AmazinglyshestudiedGraphicArtsforatimeduringtertiaryschoolandworkedfulltimeasanexecutiveassistantwithIndustrialPlantServicesLimitedbutthatneverslowedhergrowthasapainter.InspirationAsachildKathysparentsandsiblingshelpedtonurtureherinnateartisticabilitiesandencouragehertoexploreherpassionwheneverpossible.Butitwouldeventuallybetheworldaroundherthatinspiredhertoexpresshervisionsoncanvas.ThevibrantcoloursanddynamicsceneriesinherCreoleworldprovidedherwiththeinspirationsheneededtocreateoneworkofartafteranother.ShehasalsoadmittedtodrawinginspirationfromtheworksofLeroyClarke.Mr.ClarkeisoneofTrinidadandTobagosmostrenownedartistsandisnotonlyaself-taughtartistbutalsoawriterwhoseworkshavebeenheldinhighregardformorethan47yearsnow.InordertorealiseherambitionandvisionasanartistKathyhasusedboththeformaltechniquesshewastaughtinheryouthandtheinspirationshefindsintheCreolecommunityaroundhertodevelopastyleandtechniquethatdefinesherworkasuniquefromothers.HerWorksAlthoughKathyhasbeenperfectinghercraftsinceheryouthshehadneverhadaformalexhibitionofherpaintedworksuntillate2011.HerfirstformalexhibitionInFullColourwasheldintheMediaRoomoftheNationalLibraryandfeaturedanumberofworksofartshehadcreatedbetween2006and2011.ThatfirstexhibitionwasinspiredbythedifferentcharacteristicsthatcreatetheCreolecultureinTrinidadandTobago.Thosefirstworksdepictedthepeopleanimalsbeachesandnaturalbeautyofherhomecountry.ThepieceswerecreatedinavarietyofmediaWithbrushinhandsheunleashedherinterpretationsoftheworldontothecanvasinfrontofher. KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE9May-August2014kreolArt110includingacrylicwatercolourandcolouredpencil.Herexhibitionwasdividedintodifferentcategorieswhichincludedscenesportraitsandstilllife.Eachcategorycapturedthroughhereyesthebeautyoftheculturepeopleandlandscapeofherhomelandinvibrantcolours.Herworkssoimpressedthevisitorsthatmorethanhalfofthemweresoldduringtheexhibitionatruetestamenttohowaccuratelyshecapturedandexpressedherworld.ThoughnodateorvenuehasbeensetKathyisrumoredtobestudyingthenativedanceandmovementofhercultureinhopesofbringingheruniqueartisticviewtobearonanotheraspectoftheislandsCreoleculture.InspiringOthersBeyondsharingherpassionandexpressingherviewoftheworldwithothersKathyhopesthatherworksofartcanserveasaninspirationtoothers.ShefirmlybelievesthatnatureandGodscreationsignifieslifeandpeaceinourworld.Shealsobelievesthatvibrantcoloursarenotonlythewayweseetheworldbutalsoexpressthevibrancyoftheworldaroundus.ArthasalwaysservedasaformofexpressionandreleaseforKathyandasherpassionshenurturesitinthehopesoffeelingtruejoyandfulfillmentinherlife.Shewouldencourageotherstodothesamebecauselikeherpaintingsshebelieveslifeshouldbeexpressivefreeandbright.CaroniSwamp-ScarletIbisAsaWrightNatureCenterTrinidad-SerenityHerworkssoimpressedthevisitorsthatmorethanhalfofthemweresoldduringtheexhibition. KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE9May-August2014111kreolArt 112KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE9May-August2014kreolSportPhotoPhotoWorks 113KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE9May-August2014kreolSportTierryhenryisoneofthemostrecognizablefootballersintheworld.HehasplayedforhisnativeFranceinnumerousinternationalcompetitionsincludingavictoriousrunatthe1998FIFAWorldCup.AlthoughmostrecognizeHenryasFrenchbybirthheisinfactofCreoleheritageandisproudofisdualcitizensipasaFrencmanandCreole.Thispieceproleshislifeandcareerincludinghisroleinsocialimprovementcauses.enryHOneofFrenchfootballsbestThierry 114KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE9May-August2014kreolSportFootballorsoccerforthoseintheUnitedStatesisthemostpopulargameonthefaceoftheplanet.MillionsofchildrenandadultsplayfootballonallofthefivecontinentsofEarthmakingitthesingularmost-playedsportintheworld.Intermsoftheprofessionallevelthereareanestimated250millionprofessionalorsemi-professionalfootballersparticipatinginassociationsinroughly200countries.Withsomanyplayersparticipatinginsuchaglobalsportitiseasytoseehowdifficultitcouldbeforonemantocarveoutaninternationalprofile.Outofthose250millionplayershoweverthereareahandfulofnamesrecognizedaroundtheworld.TheFrenchstrikerThierryHenryisnotonlyoneofthemostpopularglobalfacesoffootballbutalsooneofthemostaccomplished.AlthoughmostpeopleimmediatelyandrightlysoassociateHenrywithFrenchfootballheisinfactanindividualwithdeeprootsintheCreoleculturesfoundonislandsthroughouttheCaribbean.CreoleBackgroundThierryDanielHenrywasbornintheParissuburbofLesUlisEssonneon17August1977toparentsAntoineandMaryseHenry.AlthoughheisundoubtedlyFrenchhavingbeenbornandraisedinFrancehisparentshavedeeprootsintheCreoleworldoftheCaribbeanthathavebeenpassedontotheirson.HisfatherAntoinewasbornontheislandofLaDesiradeoneofseveralislandsthatmakeupthenationofGuadeloupe.HenrysmotherMaryseisfromtheislandofMartinique.BothislandnationsareoverseasregionsofFranceandlocatedintheLesserAntilles.AYoungTalentThefootballworldcanthankClaudeChezelleforbringingThierryHenrytotheattentionoffootballclubsinFranceatayoungage.AsatendersevenyearoldHenryalreadydisplayedsuperiorfootballDavidBeckhamLeftNewYorkRedBullsThierryHenryduringtheMLSgameattheHomeDepotCenterinCarsonCA.PhotoPhotoWorksAlthoughmostpeopleimmediatelyandrightlysoassociateHenrywithFrenchfootballheisinfactanindividualwithdeeprootsintheCreoleculturesfoundonislandsthroughouttheCaribbean 115KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE9May-August2014kreolSportskillsafactthatwasimmediatelyrecognizedbyChezellewhorecruitedhimtojointhelocalclubCOLesUlis.DespiteaclearskillsetwithafootballathisfeetHenrydidnthaveaparticularpassionforthegamehimself.ItwasathisfatherAntoinesurgingthatheattendedtrainingsessionswithLesUliswherehewouldgoontoplayfrom1983-89.Afterplayingforthreemoreyouthclubsbetween1989and1992Henrywaspresentedwithhisbigchanceonthenationalstage.BeginningofaStellarProfessionalCareerIn1994afterbeingscoutedforyearsasayouthHenrysignedhisfirstprofessionalcontractwithFrenchsideASMonacounderthemanagementofArseneWenger.AfteraslowstarttohisprofessionalcareerwithMonacoHenryquicklygainednotorietyforhisplayandskillonthefield.HewasnamedtheFrenchYoungFootballeroftheYearfor1996andhelpedleadMonacototheLigue1titleduringthe199697season.HenryplayedforMonacofrom1992asayouthto1999whenhetransferredtoItalianSerieAclubJuventusforanestimated10.5million.HenrystalentandabilitywaslargelywastedinItalybecauseofthedefensivenatureofmostItalianclubs.Insuchanenvironmentplayingatleftwingwasanunhappyandineffectiveexperience.AfterjustafewmonthswithJuventusHenrytransferredtotheEnglishPremierLeagueandArsenalFC.AtArsenalHenrywasreunitedwithhisfirstprofessionalmanagerArseneWengerandwouldexperienceunparalleledsuccessasafirstteamregularfortheGunners.PlayingforArsenalfrom1999until2007Henrymadehisnameasaworld-classfootballer.OnceagainunderWengerstutelageHenrywasmoldedintoatopstrikerandnotched26goalsinhisfirstseasonwiththeclub.OverthecourseofhistimeinEnglandHenryhelpedleadthechargeasArsenalwontwoPremierHenryLeftofBarcelonaandOriolRightofSantanderduringSpanishleaguematchbetweenBarcelonaandSantanderattheNouCampStadiuminBarcelonaSpain.PhotoMaxisportDespiteaclearskillsetwithafootballathisfeetHenrydidnthaveaparticularpassionforthegamehimself.ItwasathisfatherAntoinesurgingthatheattendedtrainingsessionswithLesUlis 116KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE9May-August2014kreolSportLeaguetitlesthreeFACupfinalsandmadeanappearanceinthe2006UEFAChampionsLeaguefinal.By2007howeverArsenalhadbeguntoslipbackfromthesuccessesoftheearly2000sandHenryhadstruggledthroughanumberofinjuryplaguedcampaigns.NolongeranautomaticfirstteamselectionHenrymadethemovetoBarcelonainSpainsLaLiga.WhileHenrywouldenjoygreatersuccessintermsofhonoursandtrophiesatBarcelonahewasalessdistinguishablecogintheworksthanhehadbeenatArsenal.WithArsenalHenrycementedhislegacybecomingtheclubsall-timegoalscoringchampionandwinningseveralleaguescoringtitles.AtBarcelonaHenrywaslargelyasubstituteorfirstteamselectioninmatchesoflesserimportance.AfterspendingthreeseasonsinLaLigaHenryrodeoffintothesunsetheadingwestacrossthepondtotheUnitedStates.InAmericaHenrybecameatopstrikerwiththeNewYorkRedBullsofMajorLeagueSoccer.AnInternationalLifeInadditiontohislargerthanlifeprofileinsomeofEuropestopfootballleaguesHenrywasaregularfixturebothintheFrenchnationalsideandintheglobalcommunity.HenrymadehisfirstnationalteamappearanceforFranceinOctober1997ina2-1winagainstSouthAfricamarkingthestartofabrilliantinternationalcareerforLesBleus.HenrywasasurprisingselectionforFrances1998FIFAWorldCupsquad.TheFrenchwentontowintheWorldCupthatyeardefeatingBrazil3-0.IntheprocessHenrylaunchedhisinternationalcareerwiththreegoalsinthetournamentfinishingasthetopscorerforFrance.HewouldgoontoappearinaFrenchkitatUEFAEuro2000winnersFIFAWorldCup2002FIFAConfederationsCup2003winnersUEFAEuro2004FIFAWorldCup2006UEFAEuro2008andFIFAWorldCup2010.Hisillustriousinternationalcareercametoanendattheconclusionofthe2010FIFAWorldCup.WhenHenryleftinternationalfootballhedidsoasFrancesall-timetopgoalscorerwith51goalsandthenationssecondmost-cappedplayerwith123appearancesforLesBleus.InhisprivatelifeHenryhaslivedonthesameinternationalstageashiscareer.Henrybecamethe9thmostvaluableadiconamongstinternationalfootballersappearedfrequentlyatAmericanNBAgamesalongsidehisfriendTonyParkeroftheSanAntonioSpursandwasmarriedtoEnglishmodelNicoleMerryforfouryearsonechild.Henryusedhisstatusasaglobalicontogivebacktocommunitiesaroundtheworld.Inadditiontoalong-standingpartnershipwithUNICEFpromotingfootballtochildrenaroundtheworldHenryhasalsoworkedwithNiketoestablishStandUpSpeakUptocombatracisminfootballhavingbeenavictimofracismhimselftheCysticFibrosisFoundationCysticFibrosisTrustanddonatestoGoldmanSachsGives.DespiteaninternationalcareerthathasnettedhimmillionsinincomeandtakenhimaroundtheglobeHenryhasneverforgottenhisroots.AscourtesytohisparentsandtohisoriginsHenryspeaksnotonlyEnglishandFrenchbutalsotheirnativeCreoletonguefromGuadeloupeandMartinique.Alsowhenthesituationallowsherootsforhisparentshomelands.ThispastsummerThierryopenlysupportedMartiniqueasthesmallislandnationappearedinthe2013CONCACAFGoldCup.ThierryHenryRightandAlanCarrLeftinTheWinnersRoomatthe2012NationalTelevisionAwardsheldattheO2ArenainLondon.PhotoSteveVasFeatureflashDespiteaninternationalcareerthathasnettedhimmillionsinincomeandtakenhimaroundtheglobeHenryhasneverforgottenhisroots.AscourtesytohisparentsandtohisoriginsHenryspeaksnotonlyEnglishandFrenchbutalsotheirnativeCreoletonguefromGuadeloupeandMartinique 117KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE9May-August2014kreolSportBooknowpackageswww.oMaRJeeHoLIDaYs.coMWelcometoAnotherWorld...oMaRJeeBUILDIngRoYaLRoaDcURepIpeMaURITIUsT2306706666F2306706658eifmrjhlidy.mcomeflywithstyleBesThoteldealsMauritiusRodriguesSeychelles 118KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE9May-August2014kreolSportFTheOriginsandLegacyCreoleootballWhenBritishimmigrantstookfootballtoSouthAmericainthemid-tolate1800stheytriedtostamptheirownplayingformatonthelocalgame.ButincountrieslikeArgentinaUruguayandBrazilfootballwasquicklyadoptedbythepassionateindigenouspopulation.CreolefootballsoonemergedastylethatwouldlaterdefnetheSouthAmericangameandthelegendsithascreated. 119KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE9May-August2014kreolSportAlbertoOhacothetopscorerofRacingClubCreolefootballorftbolcriolloisatermrarelyheardinthemodernfootballvernacularbuttheimportanceofCreolefootballanditshistoricsignificancecannotbeunderestimated.WithoutitfamousnamessuchasPeleMaradonaandLionelMessimayneverhavegracedtheinternationalstage...TheNameoftheGameCreoleisatrickylittlewordwithvariousmeaningsbuttypicallyreferstoapersonofEuropeandescent-mostoftenSpanish-borninoneoftheNewWorldcolonies.CreolefootballhoweverowesitsexistencetoBritishimmigrantsandworkerswhobroughttheirbelovedgametoSouthAmericainthelatterhalfofthe1800s.AtfirsttheBritishmaintainedanexclusivealoofnesswhenitcametoplayingtheirfootballabroad.ThefirstrecordedfootballmatchinArgentinatookplacein1867thetwoteamstheWhiteCapsandtheRedCapsweremadeupentirelyofBritishmerchants.FootballarrivedinBrazilandChileduringthenexttwodecadesagainbroughtbyBritishrailwayanddockworkers.InPerumeanwhileoneofthefirstrecordedmatcheswasthatofEnglishmenvs.PeruvianagameplayedinLimain1894.OfficialfootballclubssoondevelopedinSouthAmericawiththeBritishremainingincontroldespiteplayingonveryforeignsoilManyclubsboreEnglishnamessuchasAlumniAthleticClubQuilmesAthleticClubandNewellsOldBoysinArgentinaSoPauloAthleticClubandCorinthiansinBrazilandValparaisoFootballClubinChile.TheseteamsoftenfieldedBritishplayersonlyandforawhileatleastdominatedtheirrespectiveleagues.Theinevitableemergenceoflocalteams-Creoleteams-wouldsoonpavethewayfortheriseofSouthAmericanfootball.ANewStyleofFootballSomeeffortsweremadetokeepfootballonaBritish-dominatedpedestal.ThefledglingArgentinefootballassociationforexampleatfirstbannedthespeakingofSpanishduringdirectorialmeetingswhiletheUruguayanfootballleagueoutlawedSundaymatchesduetotheBritishcustomofplayingonlyonSaturdays.Thebeautifulgamehowevercouldnotbecontained.Footballspreadlikeabushfireduringthefirstfewdecadesofthetwentiethcentury.ItfoundanewhomeamongtheworkingclassesofArgentinaBrazilandUruguayitwasbeingplayedonthebeachesofRiodeJaneiroandinthedustystreetsofBuenosAires.InhisbookSoccerinSunandShadowEduardoGaleanospeaksofthegamestransitionfromOldWorldtoNewSoccerhadmadealovelyvoyagefirstorganizedinthecollegesanduniversitiesofEnglanditbroughtjoytothelivesofSouthAmericanswhohadneversetfootinaschool.Thejoyofplayingandtheentirelyinclusivenatureofthegamewouldprovefundamentalinshapinganewstyleoffootball.ThisbecametheCreolestyleafreeflowingformatthatwouldresonatethroughoutthefollowingcenturyanddefinesomeofthegreatestfootballersofalltime.StylisticallystrangethingswerehappeningtotheBritishgameabroad.WhilethegentlemanlyBritishBrazilfootballteam-ParaguayBuenosAiresCopaAverica1959.FromlefttorightBackDjalmaSantosGilmarBelliniDcioEstevesFormigaAntonioEvanilMrioAmricoFrontGarrinchaDidiPauloValentimPelChinesinho 120KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE9May-August2014kreolSportwerepridingthemselvesondisciplineeffortandphysicalpowertheArgentineswereplayingtotherhythmofthetango.TheBraziliansmeanwhilewerebringingthebeatofsambaandtheagilityofcapoeiratothefootballfield.TheCreolestylewasflourishingandaccordingtofootballwriterEduardoArchettiwasabouttohaveadefiningmomentTheemergenceofatrulycriolloCreolefoundationbeganin1913whenRacingClubafootballassociationstartedbyArgentineannativesandItalianimmigrantswithoutasingleplayerofBritishoriginwonthefirstdivisionchampionshipforthefirsttime.AkeyfigureforRacingClubwasArgentinestrikerAlbertoOhacoamannowrememberedasoneofthegreatestArgentinefootballersofalltime.OhacospenthisentirecareerwithRacingClubamassinganincredible244goalsin278appearances.FromMaradonatoMessiRacingClubhadliterallybeatentheBritishattheirowngame.Creolefootballhoweverwasnotgoingtobejustaboutclublevelcompetitions.ThefirstWorldCupwasplayedinUruguayin1930withtheUruguayansclaimingthecupinanall-SouthAmericanfinalUruguaybeatArgentina4-2.TheteamwascaptainedbyJosNasazziYarzaamanborninMontevideoUruguaytoparentsofItalianandSpanishdescent.Ofthe18subsequentWorldCupsfrom1934to2010Uruguaywouldclaimonemoretitlein1950withArgentinawinningtheWorldCuptwice1978and1986andBrazilanimpressivefivetimes.SouthAmericanfootballhadreachedastageofprominencewherebythetermCreolefootballhadlostmuchofitsmeaning.CountriessuchasBrazilandArgentinahadbecomepowerhousesofinternationalfootball-theywerenolongercriollosunderBritishsportingdominance.FinallywemustNOTforgetthatPelandMaradonashowedtheworldthatfootballcouldbeplayedwithfluidityandfreedomwithtechniqueandflairtraitsthatwerebornwiththeCreolefootballstyle.ThistorchburnsbrightlyinmodernplayerssuchasLionelMessiandNeymartwotalentssettoshinewhenworldfootballcomesbacktoBrazillaterthisyear.LefttoRightIniestaMessiandXaviofBarcelonawithgoldenballbeforeaSpanishCupmatchbetweenFCBarcelonaandRealBetisattheNouCampStadiuminBarcelonaSpain.PhotoMaxisport FreshestandLargestRangeofFruitsandVegetablesLargestDairyandFrozenproductsassortmentLargerangeofCookedMeatsandHamsFreshlBakedBreadAnextensiverangeofWinesSpiritsandDryGoods 122KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE9May-August2014kreolSocial122Entertainmentsharesthestagewithmusicmusicwithpoetrypoetrywithhumanityhumanitywithentertainment. KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE9May-August2014123kreolSocial123TajWeekeslaunchingtheBreaktheSilencecampaigninSt.LuciaMusichasalwaysbeenusedtoadvocateeducateandenlightenaudiencesthroughpowerfullyricsandsoulfulrhythms.Benefitconcertsandstarstuddedmusicalcollaborationshaveallproducedhistoricsongsandglobalfundraisingeffortstodrawhugecrowdsandprofitstohelpthoseinneed.Someartistsusemusicalphilanthropyasabusinessmodelforadvancingtheircareerorpushingtheirownagenda.Addingasongtoanalbumtodrawattentiontoacauseisonethingbuttherearefewartiststhatactuallytalkthetalkandwalkthewalk.ForSt.LucianmusiciansingersongwriterandreggaeartistTajWeekesmusichasalwaysbeenamergingofentertainmentandhumanity.IndescribinghisroleasanartistWeekesstatesAsartistsoursolejobistobringtolightthingsthatpeoplemaynotthinkabouttoomuchwhetheritswhathappenedinNewOrleansortheearthquakesinHaitiorinJapan.Commercialradioandcorporatemediatellsusabouteverythingthatdoesntconcernus.Somyresponsibilityistoletpeopleknowwhatishappeninglikeatowncrierandmaybewecanrespondaccordingly.Inthelast8yearsWeekesandhisbandAdowahavereleasedfourcriticallyacclaimedalbumsindependentlyonhisownlabelJattaRecordsHopeDoubt2005DEIDEM2008AWaterloggedSoulKitchen2010andPariahinTransit2013.Everyreleasehasbeenamusicalmontagethatchroniclesourmoderndayills.WhetheritsanisolatedstoryofhumansufferingandnaturaldisastersRainRainLouisianaahumanizedtaleofwarB4theWarSinceCainorenvironmentalissuesDarkCloudsWeekesmissionhasbeentodrawaudiencesinwithamessagethatencouragesthelistenertothinkthenact.SunnyInnocents 124KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE9May-August2014kreolSocial124atrackfeaturedonAWaterloggedSoulKitchenWeekesshinesalightonchildsexualabuse.InitheboldlystatesSunnyinnocentsarelosttothewoodssunnyinnocentstheguardiansarenogoodsunnyinnocentsIpraytheirsoulstokeepsunnyinnocentsthewolfcantguardthesheep.Throughhisjourneyasamusicianhemadeaconsciousdecisiontousewhatevercelebrityandplatformhewasgiventobethevoiceofthevoiceless.HestatesWhenpovertyviolenceanddiseasearediscussednoonethinksabouttheCaribbean.Itsjustaplacetovacationandsitinthesun.Theylookatthebarefeetofthechildrenplayingsoccerinthestreetanddontrealizeitsbecausetheyhavenoshoes.ItsmymissiontoexpandawarenessandaidfortheseissueswhichequallyaffecttheCaribbeanespeciallyforthechildrenandyouth.EvenbeforehebecameafulltimemusicianTajWeekeshasbeencollectinganddistributingsoccerballsequipmentandgearfromfriendsandfamilytobringtohishomelandSt.Lucia.Hewouldgotounderservedcommunitiesonhisownandgiveballstochildreninneed.In2007TheyOftenCryOutreachTOCOwasborn.TOCOisaU.S.basednot-forprofitorganizationwhosemissionistoraiseawarenessandaddresstheissuesthataffectCaribbeanyouththroughsportshealthandenrichmentprograms.TogainsupportandguidanceTOCOreachedouttothelateDr.HopeWhite-DavisoftheWorldAssociationofFormerUnitedNationInternsandFellowsWAFUNIF.WithDr.HopesassistanceandinsightTOCOwasabletoshapeitsprogramsandtargetkeyareasintheCaribbean.InJune2009TOCOembarkedonitsfirstmissiontriptoSt.Luciadelivering500soccerballs600uniformsequipmentandgearto3underservedcommunitiesandofficiallylaunchingTOCOsfirstprogramTOCOSoccer.DuringthetripWeekesdiscoveredthattherewasadiabetescrisisinSt.Luciawhichhasthehighestrateofdiabetespercapitaintheworld.TOCOwasaskedtopartnerwiththeSt.LuciaDiabetesandHypertensionAssociationhencepromptingthecreationofTOCOHealth.InNovember2009TOCOdelivered2700glucometerstoencourageSt.Lucianstotestthemselvesfordiabetesandeducatethemontheimportanceofhealthyliving.TodateTOCOhasgrowntoincludetheClotheslineProjectdesignedtoaddressissuesofdomesticviolenceanannualtoydriveandabackpackprogram.AdditionallyTOCOhasexpandeditsreachtootherCaribbeanislands.InTrinidadtheTOCOteamdeliveredsoccerballsandgearto2underservedcommunitiesandinHaitiTOCOsentover3000pairsofshoesafterthe2010earthquake.WeekestremendouscommitmenttoservingthechildrenoftheCaribbeanisevidentinhishandsonapproachtoimplementingTOCOsprograms.HeTajWeekesrightwithUNICEFRepresentativefortheEasternCaribbeanMs.Khin-SandiLwinlaunchingtheBreaktheSilenceCampaign. KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE9May-August2014125kreolSocial125personallydistributesdonateditemslecturestohighschoolandcollegestudentsontopicsrangingfromvolunteerismtoacceptanceandtoleranceanddonateshisownmoneytoensurethatTOCOcanfulfillitsmissions.HistirelesseffortshavegainedtheattentionofUNICEF.InNovember2013WeekeswasappointedasaUNICEFChampionforChildreninSt.Lucia.TheofficialannouncementwasmadeinSt.LuciaduringthelaunchoftheBreaktheSilenceCampaignBTSaglobalinitiativeembracedbyseveralcountriestoadvocatefortherightsofchildrenandraiseawarenessofawiderangeofissues.WeekeswillbeworkingwithSt.LuciasMinistryofHealthGenderandSocialDevelopmentandothergovernmententitiestoworkonissuessuchashealtheducationandequalityforallchildren.InappointingWeekesasaChampionforChildrenUNICEFRepresentativefortheEasternCaribbeanAreaMs.Khin-SandiLwinstatesUNICEFisverypleasedtohaveTajWeekesonboardasweworkonbringingtogetheranetworkofcrediblevoicestoadvocatefortherightsofCaribbeanChildren.HispassiontocareforchildrenthoughhismusicandphilanthropicworkaretheperfectingredientstobeUNICEFsChampionforChildreninSt.Luciahishomecountry.WelookforwardtoworkingcloselywithhiminapplyinghiscreativetalentsandnetworkingskillstohighlighttheplightofchildreninStLucia.UNICEFwillalsohelphimlinkupwithotherChampionsforChildrenintheEasternCaribbeancountriestohavethestrengthofnumbersforapowerfulvoiceforchildren.Weekeshasalsoreceivedsomeadditionalwell-deservedattentionhewasappointedGoodwillAmbassadorbytheInternationalConsortiumofCaribbeanProfessionalsICCPrecognizedformallybyadivisionoftheUnitedNationsandin2012washonoredwiththeSt.LuciaHouseFoundationsDistinguishedHumanitarianAward.BydefinitionTajWeekesisamusician.Hismusicisahumanitarianmissiontoshinealightonthesufferingofchildrenandisacalltoallofustodosomethingtomakeachange.Hischaritableworkisproofofhiswordsinaction.Hedoesntfollowabusinessmodelhefollowshisownsenseofwhatsrightandanswersthecallwithoutquestionorlimits.Itssimplytherightthingtodo.Findoutmorewww.tajweekes.comCharitywww.theyoftencryoutreach.orgUNICEFBreaktheSilenceCampaignhttpwww.unicef.orglacBreak_the_Silence--Introduction_.pdfzTajWeekesbroughtsmilestohundredsofchildrenthisholidayseasonwithhisannualTOCOHolidayParty.WiththehelpofWilsonJeanBaptistefounderofTheGemsofSt.LuciathroughJetBlueTOCOwasabletotransport150bicyclesanddistributethemtovariouschildrenthroughouttheisland 126KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE9May-August2014kreolSocial126126Ifyourerecentlydivorcedmaybethethoughtoffindingsomeonenewhasntevencrossedyourmind.Afterallchancesarethatyourefeelingalotofdifferentemotions.Youmightfeelsadatthelossofyourrelationship.Youmightfeelrelievedthatthefightingisover.Youmightevenfeelangryatthewaythingsworkedout.Nomatterwhatemotionsyoureexperiencingrestassuredthatyouaregoingthroughacompletelynormalpartofdivorcerecovery.Onceyouhavefinishedgrievinghoweveritisimportantthatyoujumpbackintotheworldofdating.Nomatterhowlongithasbeensinceyourdivorcethereareafewwaysthatyoucanstartdatingagain.YourclosefriendscanhelpFirstoffletyourfriendsknowthatyourelookingforsomeonenew.Chancesarethattheyhaveatleastoneeligiblesinglefriendthatyoumightbeinterestedin.Eveniftheydonthaveaclosefriendtheymayknowofasinglepersonatworkwhoisalsointerestedinstartinganewrelationship.Whileblinddatingisntforeveryoneitdoesofferyouanewwaytomeetsomeonefreshandtopossiblybeginarelationshipwith.Considermeetingupfordrinkswithagroupoffriendsatfirsttoavoidanypressureorstressthatcouldaccompanyone-on-onedating.OnlinedatingAnotherwaytomeetsomeonenewistolookonline.DidyouknowthattherearedozensofdatingsitesdesignedtohelpyoufindsomeoneperfectforyouWhetheryourelookingforsomeonewhoisofthesamereligionasyouorsimplyanotherdivorceeadatingsitegivesyoutheperfectplacetoconnectwithotherlike-mindedindividualswhoarealsolookingforaspecialsomeone.TipswhendatingWhenyoudofindsomeonethatyouconnectwithmakesurethatyoutakethingsslow.Neverfeelpressuredtorushintoapersonalcommittedrelationshipwithsomeone.Thereisabsolutelynothingwrongwithlettingyourpotentialpartnerknowthatyoudontwanttodateexclusively.Ifsomeonepressuresyouintoarelationshipormakesitclearthattheyhaveotherexpectationsforthepartnershipdontbeembarrassedoruncomfortablewithendingtherelationship.Finallyalwaysbeupfrontandhonestwiththepersonyouredating.Donthidethefactthatyouredivorcedthatyouhavekidsorthatyourecentlyendedyourmarriage.Whiletheresnothingwrongwithbeingdiscreetaboutyourpriorrelationshipifyouplantopursuealong-termpartnershipwithsomeoneyouneedtobehonestaboutyourmarriage.ivorceDHowtoStartDatingSomeoneNewAfter KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE9April-June2014127kreolSocial127 128KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE9May-August2014kreolBeauty 129KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE9May-August2014kreolBeautyIdeasforyournexthairstyleHaiConerHaircolortrendsareconstantlychanging.In2014expecttoseeafewcolortrendsfrom2013continuetodominatethescenebutinarefreshingway.Inadditionyoucanlookforwardtonewstylesthatwillcompletelychangeyourlook.Learnmoreaboutthemtodiscovertheonesthatwillfatteryouthemost. 130KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE9May-August2014kreolSocial130130TheNewOmbreOmbrehaircolorwashugein2013andcontinuestobeamajortrend.Howeverthenewombreismoresubtlethanitsoldercounterpart.Ithaslesscontrastthanpreviouslypopularombrestyles.Toachievethislookselectashadeforyourombrethatisnomorethantwoshadeslighterordarkerthanyourcurrentcolor.Makesurethatitisblendedproperlytoavoidanoutdatedandharshlookingcontrast.BarelyThereBalayageTheFrenchbalayagetechniqueaddssubtlecontrasttothehairandwasapopularalternativetotraditionalfoilhighlightsin2013.Howeverthedarkrootstrendisnowtakingthebackseattoamoresophisticatedandsubtlebalayagetechnique.Insteadofcreatingnoticeablehighlightsthenewbalayagestyleisaddingbarelytheredimension.Goonlyoneshadelighterthanyourcurrenthaircolortomakeitasnaturalaspossible.GoBoldBoldhaircolorshavecomeinandoutstyleovertheyearsbutthisyearyoucanexpecttoseeboldhaircolorsmorethaneverbefore.Insteadofaddingchunksofbrightunnaturalcolorstothehairhaircoloristshaveoptedforall-overcolor.Particularlypastelshadesofpinklavenderandtealhavetakenthespotlight.Natural-LookingSolidColorNaturalhaircolorisalwaysinstyle.Manyhaircoloristsarepromotingnatural-lookingevenhaircolorthatlookspolishedandsophisticated.Thistrendiseasytocareforandmaintain.Asageneralruleofthumbyoushouldnevergomorethanthreeshadeslighterordarkerthanyournaturalhaircolor.Followingthisruleensuresthatyournewcolorlookscompletelynatural.Haircolortrendsmaybeeverchangingbutthatdoesntmeanyouneedtofollowthecrowd.Itisimportanttofeelconfidentinyournewlooksodontbeafraidtotweakthesetrendstobestsuityourstyleandpreferences.Asalwaysseekadvicefromaprofessionalhaircoloristtoachievethebestresultspossible. KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE9April-June2014131kreolSocial131 HelpRaiseFundsAwarenesstoStopSexualDomesticAbuseAgainstWomenandtheGirlChildGloballyHelpStopChildMarriagesTrafckingHarmfulPracticesAgainstWomenTheGirlChildGloballyIntroductionTheWildeFoundationiscurrentlyrunningProtectTheGirlChildCampaigntoraisefundsandawarenessofthedomesticsexualabuseofwomenandgirlsglobally.WearefundraisingtoestablishacreativeentrepreneurialcentreforwomenandgirlsfromruralJamaicawheretheycandevelopskillswhichcouldhelpthemdevelopeconomicindependence.BehindPGCTheWildeFoundationTWFTheWildeFoundationwasestablishedfortheprotectionoftherightsofvulnerablewomenandchildrenintheCaribbeanandAfrica.WithastrongfocusonworkinJamaicaourmissionistopromotetherightsandwelfareofCaribbeanandAfricanwomenandchildren.OneStepForwardConsultancysmandateistoprovideexceptionalserviceintheareasofChildProtectionandSafeguardingofChildreninliaisonwithGovernmentDepartmentsintheUKandJamaicawithinLocalAuthorityAssessmentsImmigrationAssistanceEducationTrainingincorporatingCommunityRedevelopmentEventsandActivitiesforchildrenandfamiliesaroundJamaica.AimsEncourageandtrainwomenfromAfricanandCaribbeanbackgroundstoacquirecreativeentrepreneurialskillsthatincreasestheirchancesofemploymentTosupportexistingwomensgroupsintheCaribbeanandAfricatodealwithproblemsrelatingtorapeincestanddomesticviolenceusingcreativetoolsEncouragemenandwomentouniteagainsttheinsidiousandmulti-facetedcrimeofsexualviolenceagainstwomenandthegirlchildToraisethefundsnecessarytoestablishandmaintainaCreativeentrepreneurialCentreviatheEveryWomanInspiredExpoTomakewomenawareoftheirhiddenpotentialthroughtheannualEveryWomanInspiredExpowhichalsoprovidesavarietyofmotivationalandlearningexperiencesTheWildeFoundationwelcomesGiftAidwhichisoneofthesimplestandmosteffectivewaysofgivingtocharity.ItisaschemeintroducedbyHMRevenueandCustomswhichallowsWildetoreclaimthebasicratetaxpaidasaUKtaxpayer.GiftAidisworthatleastanextra25pforevery1yougive.Pleaserememberthatwhatyoupayinincomeandorcapitalgainstaxmustatleastequaltheamountwewillreclaimagainstyourgift.Todonatepleasecontactusoninfowilde2000.org.uk4407583934269ForweeklyupdatesonProtectTheGirlChildCampaigntuneintoWildeTalkonwww.omegaradio.comor104.1FMSaturdays2-4pmSupportedbyMaedeleoServices 134KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE9May-August2014kreolBeauty 135KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE9May-August2014kreolBeautyeautyBwarsShoppingformakeupatadepartmentstorecanfeellikeyouvesteppedintoacompletelydiferentworldthantheoneinthecrowdedaislesofyourlocaldrugstore. 136KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE9May-August2014kreolBeautyFromayoungagethemediatellswomenthatclassicdesignerlabelslikeChanelandDioraresomethingweneedtoaspiretosoitsnotsurprisingthatmostofusareconvincedhigh-endcosmeticsarefarsuperiortotheirdrugstorecounterparts.Butofcoursethetruthisalotmorecomplicated.Theresnodoubtthatpartofthemystiquesurroundingdesignercosmeticscanbeattributedtoclevermarketingcampaignsandirresistiblepackagingbuteventhenitshardtoarguethattheresnodifferencebetweena5productandonethatcosts10timesasmuch.Atthesametimeitsnotentirelyfairtodismissalldrugstorelabelsastemporarysteppingstonesonthewaytoluxurycosmetics.Thebottomlineisthathigh-endbrandsarenotnecessarilybetterthandrugstorelabelsasarulebutonlysometimes.WhichdesignerproductsareworththehigherpricetagAndwhenshouldyouoptfordrugstorebrandsTheanswersmightsurpriseyou. 138KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE9May-August2014kreolBeautyWheretoSave1.MascaraDrugstoremascarasarecomparabletodesignerformulasandbecausemascaraneedstobereplacedeverythreemonthsoverallamuchbettervalueinthelongrun.2.NailPolishOnaveragedesignernailpolishcoststwiceasmuchasamid-rangedrugstoreformulabutthedifferencebetweenthetwoistooslighttojustifythedramaticpriceincrease.3.LipstickandLipGlossDrugstorelipproductshavepracticallythesamestayingpowerasdesignerlabelsandtheycomeinanincrediblevarietyofcolorsforallstylesandskintones.4.EyelinerLikemascaraeyelinerhasaveryshortlifespan.Itneedstobereplacedeverytwoorthreemonthsbeforeitstipbecomesabreedinggroundforpotentiallyharmfulbacteria.Drugstorelinersareavailableinamultitudeofformulasandcolorssotheresreallynoneedtospendyourmoneyonapriceyproductthatwillneedtobetossedbeforeyouhaveachancetofinishit.WheretoSplurge1.EyeshadowDesignereyeshadowsarehighlypigmentedsotheygoonsmootherandlastlongerthandrugstorebrands.2.FoundationPowderandConcealerPremiumfoundationspowdersandconcealersusebetterbaseingredients.Theyblendwellcreaselessandgenerallylastalotlongerthandrugstoreformulas.Ifyoureonatightbudgettryalternatingbetweenhigh-endfoundationandacheaperalternative.RevlonsColorStayliquidfoundationisagoodbargainbrand.3.MakeupBrushesProfessional-gradebrushesaremadewithall-naturalfibersthatlastforyearsandfeelgreatonyourskin.4.BlushAtonetotwoyearsblushhasamuchlongershelflifethanothermakeupmainstayswhichmakesitagoodinvestment.Moreimportantlydesignerblushismorepigmentedandeasiertoblendthandrugstorecompacts. PraslinMahStartyourforevertodaywhenyouytooneofourIslandsmostidyllicandcharminglocation-Praslin.SayIdotogettingtherefasterwithover20dailydepartures.Charterservicesarealsoavailableuponrequest.Formoreinformationandbookingscall2484391366orcontactyourtravelagent.YourgardenofEdenBetherein15minutes 140KREOLMAGAZINEISSUE9May-August2014kreolSocial140urrySeychellesFishCIngredientsForthemassal2tbspcorianderseeds2tspcuminseeds2tspblackpeppercorns1tspcardamompods1tspclovessmallpieceofcinnamon1tspgroundchilli1tspgratednutmegForthecurry900g2lbredsnapperormonkfishsaltandfreshlygroundblackpepper2tbspsunfloweroil2onionschopped2tbspmassaltspgroundturmeric2clovesgarlicchoppedsmallpiecegingerchopped3tbsptamarindwaterleavesfrom2sprigsthymetspanise450mlpintfishstockorwaterPreparationmethod1.Dryroastthewholespicesuntillightlycolouredandsetasidetocool.Grindfinelyandstirinthechilliandnutmeg.Itcanbestoredforupto2-3monthsinanairtightjar.2.Cutthefishintobite-sizedpiecesseasonwithsaltandpepperandsetaside.3.Heattheoilinaheavypanandfrytheonionuntilgolden.Stirinthemassalandturmericandlightlyfry.Addthepiecesoffishandalltheotheringredients.Bringtoasimmerandcookforabout10minutesuntilthefishisready.4.Servewithrice.urrySpicyCreoleOctopusCIngredients1largeoctopusnotcalamari1litrecoconutmilk1tspcrushedginger1tspcrushedgarlic1tbstomatopaste1lemon1largeredonionroughlychopped1mediumripetomatoroughlychoppedafewcurryleaves1tsppaprika1tspcurrypowder1tspsaffronpower1tbsmixtureofcardamonseedsaniseedwholeblackpepperclover20mloil2tbswatersaltandpeppertotasteMethod1.Removetheblackeyeoftheoctopusfoundonthebonnetorheadoraskthefishmongertodoit2.Placethewholeoctopusinalargeheavybasedpanandcoverwithwater.3.Boilonmediumheatfor45minstoanhour.DonotbealarmediftheOctopusturnspinkorreddishthisisnormal.Donotundercookthetimeisessentialtoensuretheoctopusmeatissoft4.Allowtocoolandcutintosmallpieceswithasharpknife5.Heattheoilinalargeheavybasedpan6.Addthechoppedonionsgingerandgarlictomatoandthe1tbsmixturecardamomseedsaniseedwholeblackpepperclover7.Stirfryfor2minutestoinfusetheoil8.Inabowladdtheoctopusmeatandcurryleavesandmixwell9.Addthepaprikasaffronandcurrytothetomatopasteandthe2tbswater.Mixwell.10.Addtotheoctopusinthepanandstirwell11.Addthecoconutmilkandreducetheheat12.Simmerfor45minutesuntilthesaucehasthickenedandtheoctopusmeatissoft13.Removefromheatsqueezethelemondoitoveryourhandtopreventanyseedsfromfallinginthecurry14.Addsaltandpepperaccordingtotaste15.Ifdesired1tbsofsweetchutneymayalsobeadded16.Servewithrice.Prep10-15minutesCooking20minutesServes3-4Prep10-15minutesCooking2hoursServes4-6 KreolWinesEdenPlazaEdenIslandSeychellesTel24843467512602150www.kreolwines.comKreolWinesisaboutiquewineshopbasedatEdenPlazaEdenIslandSeychelles.Wespecialiseinaward-winningwinessourcedfromindependentwineries.Wearepassionateaboutwinesandsearchtheworldtobringyouthebestqualityproductsatgreatprices.WearespecialistsinwinesfromChileArgentinaandAustraliawinesthatareexclusivetoourshopandareunavailableatanyotherretailerinSeychelles.WealsostockaselectionofwinesfromSouthAfricaFranceSpainandItalychampagnesandspirits.Weareasmallcompanythatpridesitselfonexcellentcustomerserviceproductknowledgeandhelpfulimpartialadviceaboutpairingfoodandwine.PleasebesuretopayusavisitnexttimeyouareinSeychellesOurOPENiNGhOurSMon-F-11.30am-6pmSat-8.30am-6pmSn-8.30am-4pm August2012ISSUE03INTERNATIONALMAGAZINEBEYONCKNOWLESCREOLEQUEENCreoleinTRINIDADNationPrideGUADELOUPETheExileofKINGPREMPEHISeychellesStateHouseCelebrating100YearsJanuary-april2014Issue8InternatIonalmagazInerihannaaModernPoPPhenoMenonAtributetoNelsoNMaNdelaKhFnkLouisianasZydecoKingCreoleCelebratioNsSeychellesLaRunion...subscribeonlineatwww.kreolmagazine.comorfillinsubscriptionformSendtoRilaPublicationsLtd73NewmanStreetLondonW1T3EJTel4402076343544Emailadminkreolmagazine.comSubScriptiontermSuKeuropereStoftheWorld3sss15.0025.0035.00PAYMENTDETAILSisaqaayaRilaPublicationsLtdiwsayyccapasyca.VsamasaVa3gsyexyaYourDetailsdaSganacyeaAsspsFestivalInternationalKreolinMauritiusTheCreolesofLouisianaStLuciaCaribbeanQueenTheMysteriousandExoticPlantsofSeychellesMarch2012ISSUE02INTERNATIONALMAGAZINEPATRICKPARSONSBALLETCREOLEOCTOBER-DECEMBER2013ISSUE7JADAPINKETTSMITHSeekingthePromisedLandinLouisianaShaquilleONealALifebeyondBasketballH.E.GarvinNicholasOnaMissiontopromoteTrinidadandTobagoCreoleCultureIdentityandRaceintheBayouCountryINTERNATIONALMAGAZINEConnectingCreoleCultures SOPHISTICATIONCLASSLUXURYOPULENCEGLAMOURSTYLESTYLISHCONTEMPORARYEXCLUSIVEINNOVATIVEURBANENERGYDIVERSITYELEGANTTRADITIONALCOMFORTPROFESSIONALCLASSICVALUEDISCREET27-33HarringtonGardensLondonSW74JXTel02072445555www.thebentley-hotel.comGreatMarlboroughStreetLondonW1F7JLTel02072975555www.courthouse-hotel.comTheWashingtonMayfairHotel5CurzonStreetLondonW1J5HETel02074997000www.washington-mayfair.co.ukTheBentleyLondonAHiltonHotelCourthouseDoubletreebyHilton